Mental Health Services

Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing

WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE SUBJECT?: This paper describes crisis resolution/home treatment (CRHT) teams, which are part of mental health services in the United Kingdom. CRHT is expected to assist individuals in building resilience and work within a recovery approach. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper arises from an interview with one individual, Dale, as part of a larger study exploring service users' experiences of CRHT.

Author(s): 
Nelson, L. J.
Miller, P. K.
Ashman, D.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

OBJECTIVE: Interest in meditation to manage posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is increasing. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of meditation programs offered to Veterans within Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) mental health services. The current study addresses this gap using data from a multisite VA demonstration project. METHOD: Evaluation data collected at 6 VA sites (N = 391 Veterans) before and after a meditation program, and a treatment-as-usual (TAU) program, were examined here using random effects meta-analyses.

Author(s): 
Heffner, Kathi L.
Crean, Hugh F.
Kemp, Jan E.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Hypnotic suggestibility has been described as a powerful predictor of outcomes associated with hypnotic interventions. However, there have been no systematic approaches to quantifying this effect across the literature. This meta-analysis evaluates the magnitude of the effect of hypnotic suggestibility on hypnotic outcomes in clinical settings. PsycINFO and PubMed were searched from their inception through July 2009. Thirty-four effects from 10 studies and 283 participants are reported.

Author(s): 
Montgomery, Guy H.
Schnur, Julie B.
David, Daniel
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that natural levels of lithium in drinking water may have a protective effect on suicide mortality. AIMS: To evaluate the association between local lithium levels in drinking water and suicide mortality at district level in Austria. METHOD: A nationwide sample of 6460 lithium measurements was examined for association with suicide rates per 100,000 population and suicide standardised mortality ratios across all 99 Austrian districts.

Author(s): 
Kapusta, Nestor D.
Mossaheb, Nilufar
Etzersdorfer, Elmar
Hlavin, Gerald
Thau, Kenneth
Willeit, Matth‰us
Praschak-Rieder, Nicole
Sonneck, Gernot
Leithner-Dziubas, Katharina
Publication Title: 
The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: Mental health services in the UK, Australia and other Anglophone countries have moved towards supporting personal recovery as a primary orientation. To provide an empirically grounded foundation to identify and evaluate recovery-oriented interventions, we previously published a conceptual framework of personal recovery based on a systematic review and narrative synthesis of existing models. Our objective was to test the validity and relevance of this framework for people currently using mental health services.

Author(s): 
Bird, Victoria
Leamy, Mary
Tew, Jerry
Le Boutillier, Clair
Williams, Julie
Slade, Mike
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

Given the significant psychological challenges posed by HIV-related stigma for individuals living with HIV, investigating psychological resource factors for coping with HIV-related stigma is important. Optimism, which refers to generalized expectations regarding favorable outcomes, has been associated with enhanced psychological adaptation to health conditions, including HIV. Therefore, this cross-sectional study investigated associations among optimism, psychological well-being, and HIV stigma in a sample of 116 adults living with HIV and seeking mental health services.

Author(s): 
Ammirati, Rachel J.
Lamis, Dorian A.
Campos, Peter E.
Farber, Eugene W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

This is an exploratory study using qualitative methods to investigate and highlight psychosocial needs as perceived by individuals who have survived an attempted suicide through self-poisoning. Respondents consisted of a convenience sample of six people (three male and three female). Data were collected through interviews and analysed using the principles of content analysis devised by Field and Morse. Major needs identified include the need to be loved, the need to maintain a high level of self-esteem, the need to have control of one's life and the need to be supported.

Author(s): 
Carrigan, J. T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

This essay explores three aspects of the normal processes of adult-adult love: falling in love, being in love, and staying in love. It describes the emotions, defenses, and challenges inherent in each phase. Love is an ordinary but immensely powerful adult aspiration. As a term it is impossible to define in any singular sense.

Author(s): 
Levine, S. B.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Poor service user experiences are often reported on mental health inpatient wards. Crisis houses are an alternative, but evidence is limited. This paper investigates therapeutic alliances in acute wards and crisis houses, exploring how far stronger therapeutic alliance may underlie greater client satisfaction in crisis houses. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Mixed methods were used.

Author(s): 
Sweeney, Angela
Fahmy, Sarah
Nolan, Fiona
Morant, Nicola
Fox, Zoe
Lloyd-Evans, Brynmor
Osborn, David
Burgess, Emma
Gilburt, Helen
McCabe, Rosemarie
Slade, Mike
Johnson, Sonia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Primary Health Care

BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: New Zealand's primary mental health initiatives (PMHIs) have successfully filled a health service gap and shown good outcomes for many presenting with mild to moderate anxiety/depression in primary health care settings. Maori have higher rates of mental health disorders and complexity of social and mental health needs not matched by access to PMHIs.

Author(s): 
Abel, Sally
Marshall, Bob
Riki, Donny
Luscombe, Tania

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