Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published.

Author(s): 
Thayabaranathan, Tharshanah
Andrew, Nadine E.
Immink, Maarten A.
Hillier, Susan
Stevens, Philip
Stolwyk, Rene
Kilkenny, Monique
Cadilhac, Dominique A.
Publication Title: 
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology

AIM: To determine if yoga as a complementary and alternative therapy was associated with enhanced health and treatment-related side effects in patients with breast cancer. This systematic review examines whether yoga practice provides any measurable benefit, both physically and psychologically, for women with breast cancer. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) throughout June 2013. We evaluated the quality of the included studies by the Cochrane Handbook 5.2 standards and analyzed the data using the Stata software, version 10.0.

Author(s): 
Pan, Yuanqing
Yang, Kehu
Wang, Yuliang
Zhang, Laiping
Liang, Haiqing
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: To introduce research that presents scientific evidence regarding the effects of mantra and mindfulness meditation techniques and yoga on decreasing blood pressure (BP) in patients who have hypertension.

Author(s): 
Park, Seong-Hi
Han, Kuem Sun
Publication Title: 
Journal of Diabetes Investigation

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: A meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched to obtain eligible randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was fasting blood glucose, and the secondary outcomes included glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride and postprandial blood glucose. Weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.

Author(s): 
Cui, Jie
Yan, Jun-Hong
Yan, Li-Ming
Pan, Lei
Le, Jia-Jin
Guo, Yong-Zhong
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic reviews. In contrast, however, there appears to be less interest in examining associations between PA and cognition in cognitively healthy individuals.

Author(s): 
Rathore, Azeem
Lom, Barbara
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected. RESULTS: A total of 17 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Hendriks, Tom
de Jong, Joop
Cramer, Holger
Publication Title: 
Clinical Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effectiveness of yoga in relieving chronic neck pain. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and IndMED were screened through January 2017 for randomized controlled trials assessing neck pain intensity and/or neck pain-related disability in chronic neck pain patients. Secondary outcome measures included quality of life, mood, and safety. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Klose, Petra
Brinkhaus, Benno
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effects of yoga for glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Comprehensive electronic databases searches located 2559 unique studies with relevant key terms. Studies were included if they (1) evaluated a yoga intervention to promote T2DM management, (2) used a comparison group, (3) reported an objective measure of glycemic control at post-intervention, and (4) had follow-up length or post-test of at least 8weeks from baseline.

Author(s): 
Thind, Herpreet
Lantini, Ryan
Balletto, Brittany L.
Donahue, Marissa L.
Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena
Bock, Beth C.
Scott-Sheldon, Lori A. J.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

The objective of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of different types of regular leisure-time physical activities and pooled the effect sizes of those activities on long-term glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes compared with routine care. This review included randomized controlled trials from 1960 to May 2014. A total of 10 Chinese and English databases were searched, following selection and critical appraisal, 18 randomized controlled trials with 915 participants were included.

Author(s): 
Pai, Lee-Wen
Li, Tsai-Chung
Hwu, Yueh-Juen
Chang, Shu-Chuan
Chen, Li-li
Chang, Pi-Ying
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Balneaves, Lynda G.
Faulkner, Guy
Ortiz, Abigail
McIntosh, Diane
Morehouse, Rachel L.
Ravindran, Lakshmi
Yatham, Lakshmi N.
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Parikh, Sagar V.
CANMAT Depression Work Group

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