Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Child: Care, Health and Development

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise interventions on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, anxiety and cognitive functions in children and adolescents. METHOD: Five databases covering the period up to November 2014 (PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, EBSCO [E-journal, CINAHL, SportDiscus] and The Cochrane Library) were searched. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane tool of bias.

Author(s): 
Cerrillo-Urbina, A. J.
García-Hermoso, A.
Sánchez-López, M.
Pardo-Guijarro, M. J.
Santos Gómez, J. L.
Martínez-Vizcaíno, V.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

BACKGROUND: Yoga, a popular mind-body practice, may produce changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome risk factors. DESIGN: This was a systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were performed for systematic reviews and RCTs through December 2013. Studies were included if they were English, peer-reviewed, focused on asana-based yoga in adults, and reported relevant outcomes.

Author(s): 
Chu, Paula
Gotink, Rinske A.
Yeh, Gloria Y.
Goldie, Sue J.
Hunink, M. G. Myriam
Publication Title: 
Journal of Thoracic Disease

INTRODUCTION: Currently, several studies have assessed the effect of yoga training on the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these studies involved a wide variation of sample and convey inconclusive results. Hence, the present study was performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of yoga training in COPD patients. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for relevant studies.

Author(s): 
Liu, Xun-Chao
Pan, Lei
Hu, Qing
Dong, Wei-Ping
Yan, Jun-Hong
Dong, Liang
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

Background Metabolic syndrome is the most important risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and perform a meta-analysis of the effects of yoga on the parameters of metabolic syndrome. Methods MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and IndMED were searched and screened from their inception through to 8 March 2016 for randomised controlled trials on yoga for patients with metabolic syndrome. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Lauche, Romy
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

To understand the role and efficacy of yoga in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, this meta-analysis was conducted. Electronic data bases searched were PubMed/Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, IndMED, CENTRAL, Cochrane library, CamQuest and CamBase till December 17, 2014. Eligible outcomes were fasting blood sugar (FBS), post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HBA1C). Randomized controlled trials and controlled trials were eligible. Studies focussing only on relaxation or meditation or multimodal intervention were not included.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Vinod
Jagannathan, Aarti
Philip, Mariamma
Thulasi, Arun
Angadi, Praveen
Raghuram, Nagarathna
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Hypertension

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as a therapeutic means in the management of prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, CENTRAL, and IndMED were screened through February 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions (?8 weeks) compared with usual care or any active control intervention on blood pressure in patients with prehypertension (120-139/80-89 mm Hg) or hypertension (?140/?90 mm Hg).

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Haller, Heidemarie
Lauche, Romy
Steckhan, Nico
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Epidemiology

As yoga has gained popularity as a therapeutic intervention, its safety has been questioned in the lay press. Thus, this review aimed to systematically assess and meta-analyze the frequency of adverse events in randomized controlled trials of yoga. MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were screened through February 2014. Of 301 identified randomized controlled trials of yoga, 94 (1975-2014; total of 8,430 participants) reported on adverse events.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Ward, Lesley
Saper, Robert
Fishbein, Daniel
Dobos, Gustav
Lauche, Romy
Publication Title: 
Depression and Anxiety

BACKGROUND: Mind-body medical interventions are commonly used to cope with depression and yoga is one of the most commonly used mind-body interventions. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effectiveness of yoga for depression. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and IndMED were searched through January 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga for patients with depressive disorders and individuals with elevated levels of depression were included.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Cardiology

BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on modifiable biological cardiovascular disease risk factors in the general population and in high-risk disease groups. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and IndMED were screened through August 2013 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on yoga for predefined cardiovascular risk factors in healthy participants, non-diabetic participants with high risk for cardiovascular disease, or participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Haller, Heidemarie
Steckhan, Nico
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Meditation is a family of mental practices that encompasses a wide array of techniques employing distinctive mental strategies. We systematically reviewed 78 functional neuroimaging (fMRI and PET) studies of meditation, and used activation likelihood estimation to meta-analyze 257 peak foci from 31 experiments involving 527 participants.

Author(s): 
Fox, Kieran C. R.
Dixon, Matthew L.
Nijeboer, Savannah
Girn, Manesh
Floman, James L.
Lifshitz, Michael
Ellamil, Melissa
Sedlmeier, Peter
Christoff, Kalina

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