Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

To understand the role and efficacy of yoga in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, this meta-analysis was conducted. Electronic data bases searched were PubMed/Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, IndMED, CENTRAL, Cochrane library, CamQuest and CamBase till December 17, 2014. Eligible outcomes were fasting blood sugar (FBS), post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HBA1C). Randomized controlled trials and controlled trials were eligible. Studies focussing only on relaxation or meditation or multimodal intervention were not included.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Vinod
Jagannathan, Aarti
Philip, Mariamma
Thulasi, Arun
Angadi, Praveen
Raghuram, Nagarathna
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Balneaves, Lynda G.
Faulkner, Guy
Ortiz, Abigail
McIntosh, Diane
Morehouse, Rachel L.
Ravindran, Lakshmi
Yatham, Lakshmi N.
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Parikh, Sagar V.
CANMAT Depression Work Group
Publication Title: 
Behavior Therapy

OBJECTIVE: Scientific research into compassion has burgeoned over the past 20 years and interventions aiming to cultivate compassion towards self and others have been developed. This meta-analysis examined the effects of compassion-based interventions on a range of outcome measures. METHOD: Twenty-one randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the last 12 years were included in the meta-analysis, with data from 1,285 participants analyzed.

Author(s): 
Kirby, James N.
Tellegen, Cassandra L.
Steindl, Stanley R.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

BACKGROUND: Identifying attributes of the built environment associated with health-enhancing levels of physical activity (PA) in older adults (?65 years old) has the potential to inform interventions supporting healthy and active ageing. The aim of this study was to first systematically review and quantify findings on built environmental correlates of older adults' PA, and second, investigate differences by type of PA and environmental attribute measurement.

Author(s): 
Barnett, David W.
Barnett, Anthony
Nathan, Andrea
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle
Cerin, Ester
Council on Environment and Physical Activity (CEPA) – Older Adults working group
Publication Title: 
Journal of School Psychology

The treatment effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) with youth were synthesized from 76 studies involving 6121 participants. A total of 885 effect sizes were aggregated using meta-regression with robust variance estimation. Overall, MBIs were associated with small treatment effects in studies using pre-post (g=0.305, SE=0.039) and controlled designs (g=0.322, SE=0.040). Treatment effects were measured after a follow-up period in 24 studies (n=1963).

Author(s): 
Klingbeil, David A.
Renshaw, Tyler L.
Willenbrink, Jessica B.
Copek, Rebecca A.
Chan, Kai Tai
Haddock, Aaron
Yassine, Jordan
Clifton, Jesse
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

Self-compassion is increasingly explored as a protective factor in relation to psychopathology. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and its Short Form variant (SCS-SF) are the most widely used instruments for measuring this psychological construct, and previous studies have indeed shown that the total score of this scale is negatively associated with psychopathology.

Author(s): 
Muris, Peter
Petrocchi, Nicola
Publication Title: 
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published.

Author(s): 
Thayabaranathan, Tharshanah
Andrew, Nadine E.
Immink, Maarten A.
Hillier, Susan
Stevens, Philip
Stolwyk, Rene
Kilkenny, Monique
Cadilhac, Dominique A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: To introduce research that presents scientific evidence regarding the effects of mantra and mindfulness meditation techniques and yoga on decreasing blood pressure (BP) in patients who have hypertension.

Author(s): 
Park, Seong-Hi
Han, Kuem Sun
Publication Title: 
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the efficacy of adolescent cognitive-behavioral sleep interventions. Searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE were performed from inception to May 1, 2016, supplemented with manual screening. Nine trials were selected (n = 357, mean age = 14.97 years; female = 61.74%). Main outcomes were subjective (sleep diary/questionnaire) and objective (actigraphy) total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), sleep efficiency (SE), and wake after sleep onset (WASO).

Author(s): 
Blake, Matthew J.
Sheeber, Lisa B.
Youssef, George J.
Raniti, Monika B.
Allen, Nicholas B.
Publication Title: 
Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

Workplace stress is high among healthcare professionals (HCPs) and is associated with reduced psychological health, quality of care and patient satisfaction. This systematic review and meta-analysis reviews evidence on the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for reducing stress in HCPs. A systematic literature search was conducted. Papers were screened for suitability using inclusion criteria and nine papers were subjected to review and quality assessment. Seven papers, for which full statistical findings could be obtained, were also subjected to meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Burton, Amy
Burgess, Catherine
Dean, Sarah
Koutsopoulou, Gina Z.
Hugh-Jones, Siobhan

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