Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating traditional meditation retreats. Very little, however, is known about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of meditation retreats on improving psychological outcomes in general population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of studies published in journals or as dissertations in PSYCINFO, PUBMED, CINAHL or Web of Science from the first available date until October 22, 2016. REVIEW METHODS: A total of 20 papers (21 studies, N=2912) were included.

Author(s): 
Khoury, Bassam
Knäuper, Bärbel
Schlosser, Marco
Carrière, Kimberly
Chiesa, Alberto
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected. RESULTS: A total of 17 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Hendriks, Tom
de Jong, Joop
Cramer, Holger
Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: To map and evaluate the evidence across meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychotherapies for various outcomes. METHODS: We identified 173 eligible studies, including 247 meta-analyses that synthesized data from 5157 RCTs via a systematic search from inception to December 2016 in the PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. We calculated summary effects using random-effects models, and we assessed between-study heterogeneity.

Author(s): 
Dragioti, E.
Karathanos, V.
Gerdle, B.
Evangelou, E.
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for weight loss and obesity-related eating behaviours. However, the results of past reviews are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify these inconsistencies, we conducted a comprehensive effect-size analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MBIs on weight loss and eating behaviours.

Author(s): 
Carrière, K.
Khoury, B.
Günak, M. M.
Knäuper, B.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice

Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016.

Author(s): 
Lo, Kristin
Waterland, Jamie
Todd, Paula
Gupta, Tanvi
Bearman, Margaret
Hassed, Craig
Keating, Jennifer L.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

A number of studies have investigated the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTSD) compared to control conditions. The current meta-analysis consolidated findings from 18 studies reporting results for 21 samples of participants. Across studies, mindfulness-based treatments compared to control conditions were effective in ameliorating symptoms of PTSD, with Hedges' g=-0.44. Hedges' g was -0.59 for comparison of mindfulness-based interventions to waitlist control conditions.

Author(s): 
Hopwood, Tanya L.
Schutte, Nicola S.
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified. The average weight loss was 4.2?kg.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Jeffrey M.
Ferrari, Madeleine
Mosely, Kylie
Lang, Cathryne P.
Brennan, Leah
Publication Title: 
Addictive Behaviors

BACKGROUND: Smokers increasingly seek alternative interventions to assist in cessation or reduction efforts. Mindfulness meditation, which facilitates detached observation and paying attention to the present moment with openness, curiosity, and acceptance, has recently been studied as a smoking cessation intervention. AIMS: This review synthesizes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of mindfulness meditation (MM) interventions for smoking cessation.

Author(s): 
Maglione, Margaret A.
Maher, Alicia Ruelaz
Ewing, Brett
Colaiaco, Benjamin
Newberry, Sydne
Kandrack, Ryan
Shanman, Roberta M.
Sorbero, Melony E.
Hempel, Susanne
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

High rates of relapse following substance misuse treatment highlight an urgent need for effective therapies. Although the number of empirical studies investigating effects of mindfulness treatment for substance misuse has increased dramatically in recent years, few reviews have examined findings of mindfulness studies. Thus, this systematic review examined methodological characteristics and substantive findings of studies evaluating mindfulness treatments for substance misuse published by 2015.

Author(s): 
Li, Wen
Howard, Matthew O.
Garland, Eric L.
McGovern, Patricia
Lazar, Michael
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Research

In promoting optimal recovery in persons with psychosis, psychological interventions have become a key element of treatment, with cognitive behavioural therapy being widely recommended in clinical practice guidelines. One key area of development has been the trialling of "third wave" cognitive behavioural interventions, which promote mindfulness, acceptance and compassion as means of change. Trials to date have demonstrated encouraging findings, with beneficial effects observed on measures of psychotic symptoms.

Author(s): 
Louise, Stephanie
Fitzpatrick, Molly
Strauss, Clara
Rossell, Susan L.
Thomas, Neil

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