Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Clinical Interventions in Aging

Caring for a relative with dementia is extremely challenging; conventional interventions may not be highly effective or easily available on some occasions. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of mindfulness training in improving stress-related outcomes in family caregivers of people with dementia using a meta-analytic review. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCT) through April 2017 from five electronic databases, and assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Seven RCTs were included in our review.

Author(s): 
Liu, Zheng
Chen, Qian-Lin
Sun, Yu-Ying
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

A broad array of transdiagnostic psychological treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders have been evaluated, but existing reviews of this literature are restricted to face-to-face cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) protocols. The current meta-analysis focused on studies evaluating clinician-guided internet/computerised or face-to-face manualised transdiagnostic treatments, to examine their effects on anxiety, depression and quality of life (QOL).

Author(s): 
Newby, Jill M.
McKinnon, Anna
Kuyken, Willem
Gilbody, Simon
Dalgleish, Tim
Publication Title: 
Journal of Anxiety Disorders

A fair amount of research exists on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a model and a treatment for anxiety disorders and OCD spectrum disorders; this paper offers a quantitative account of this research. A meta-analysis is presented examining the relationship between psychological flexibility, measured by versions of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ and AAQ-II) and measures of anxiety. Meta-analytic results showed positive and significant relationships between the AAQ and general measures of anxiety as well as disorder specific measures.

Author(s): 
Bluett, Ellen J.
Homan, Kendra J.
Morrison, Kate L.
Levin, Michael E.
Twohig, Michael P.
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

Mindfulness programs for schools are popular. We systematically reviewed the evidence regarding the effects of school-based mindfulness interventions on psychological outcomes, using a comprehensive search strategy designed to locate both published and unpublished studies. Systematic searches in 12 databases were performed in August 2012. Further studies were identified via hand search and contact with experts. Two reviewers independently extracted the data, also selecting information about intervention programs (elements, structure etc.), feasibility, and acceptance.

Author(s): 
Zenner, Charlotte
Herrnleben-Kurz, Solveig
Walach, Harald
Publication Title: 
Journal of research in nursing: JRN

OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a programme developed to prevent depression relapse, but has been applied for other disorders. Our objective was to systematically review and meta-analyse the evidence on the effectiveness and safety of MBCT for the treatment of mental disorders.

Author(s): 
Galante, Julieta
Iribarren, Sarah J.
Pearce, Patricia F.
Publication Title: 
Manual Therapy

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Gross, A. R.
Paquin, J. P.
Dupont, G.
Blanchette, S.
Lalonde, P.
Cristie, T.
Graham, N.
Kay, T. M.
Burnie, S. J.
Gelley, G.
Goldsmith, C. H.
Forget, M.
Santaguida, P. L.
Yee, A. J.
Radisic, G. G.
Hoving, J. L.
Bronfort, G.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice

A growing body of research suggests that mindfulness- and acceptance-based principles can increase efforts aimed at reducing human suffering and increasing quality of life. A critical step in the development and evaluation of these new approaches to treatment is to determine the acceptability and efficacy of these treatments for clients from nondominant cultural and/or marginalized backgrounds.

Author(s): 
Fuchs, Cara
Lee, Jonathan K.
Roemer, Lizabeth
Orsillo, Susan M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a widespread and debilitating condition that affects sleep quality and daily productivity. Although mindfulness meditation (MM) has been suggested as a potentially effective supplement to medical treatment for insomnia, no comprehensively quantitative research has been conducted in this field. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis on the findings of related randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effects of MM on insomnia. METHODS: Related publications in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and PsycINFO were searched up to July 2015.

Author(s): 
Gong, Hong
Ni, Chen-Xu
Liu, Yun-Zi
Zhang, Yi
Su, Wen-Jun
Lian, Yong-Jie
Peng, Wei
Jiang, Chun-Lei
Publication Title: 
Current Oncology (Toronto, Ont.)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (mbsr) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (mbct) in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: The medline, Cochrane Library, embase, cambase, and PsycInfo databases were screened through November 2011. The search strategy combined keywords for mbsr and mbct with keywords for breast cancer. Randomized controlled trials (rcts) comparing mbsr or mbct with control conditions in patients with breast cancer were included.

Author(s): 
Cramer, H.
Lauche, R.
Paul, A.
Dobos, G.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Numerous studies have begun to address how the brain's gray and white matter may be shaped by meditation. This research is yet to be integrated, however, and two fundamental questions remain: Is meditation associated with altered brain structure? If so, what is the magnitude of these differences? To address these questions, we reviewed and meta-analyzed 123 brain morphology differences from 21 neuroimaging studies examining ?300 meditation practitioners.

Author(s): 
Fox, Kieran C. R.
Nijeboer, Savannah
Dixon, Matthew L.
Floman, James L.
Ellamil, Melissa
Rumak, Samuel P.
Sedlmeier, Peter
Christoff, Kalina

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