Meta-analysis

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: Homeopathy is a popular treatment modality among patient, however there is sparse research about adverse effects of homeopathy. A concept unique for homeopathy, is homeopathic aggravation that is understood as a transient worsening of the patients' symptoms before an expected improvement occurs. From a risk perspective it is vital that a distinction between homeopathic aggravations and adverse effects is established. There is a lack of systematic information on how frequent adverse effects and homeopathic aggravations are reported in studies.

Author(s): 
Stub, Trine
Musial, Frauke
Kristoffersen, Agnete A.
Alræk, Terje
Liu, Jianping
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: To date, our programme of systematic reviews has assessed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of individualised homeopathy separately for risk of bias (RoB) and for model validity of homeopathic treatment (MVHT). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present paper was to bring together our published RoB and MVHT findings and, using an approach based on GRADE methods, to merge the quality appraisals of these same RCTs, examining the impact on meta-analysis results. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Van Wassenhoven, Michel
Jacobs, Jennifer
Oberbaum, Menachem
Frye, Joyce
Manchanda, Raj K.
Roniger, Helmut
Dantas, Flávio
Legg, Lynn A.
Clausen, Jürgen
Moss, Sian
Davidson, Jonathan R. T.
Lloyd, Suzanne M.
Ford, Ian
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of mind-body interventions on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the Chinese population. METHOD: Drawn from Chinese databases, nine RCTs and three Q-E studies were included in the systematic review. The methodological quality of RCTs was evaluated based on the following criteria: adequate sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, completeness of outcome data, selective reporting, and other potential biases.

Author(s): 
Wang, Weidong
Wang, Fang
Fan, Feng
Sedas, Ana Cristina
Wang, Jian
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and quality of evidence of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of traditional Chinese medical nursing (TCMN) interventions in Chinese journals. These interventions include acupressure, massage, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, electroacupuncture and use of Chinese herbal medicines-for example, in enemas, foot massage and compressing the umbilicus. DESIGN: A systematic literature search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TCMN interventions was performed. Review characteristics were extracted.

Author(s): 
Jin, Ying-Hui
Wang, Guo-Hao
Sun, Yi-Rong
Li, Qi
Zhao, Chen
Li, Ge
Si, Jin-Hua
Li, Yan
Lu, Cui
Shang, Hong-Cai
Publication Title: 
Manual Therapy

BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) is disabling and costly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercise on pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) and global perceived effect (GPE) in adults with NP. METHODS: We searched computerised databases up to May 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing exercise to a control in adults with NP with/without cervicogenic headache (CGH) or radiculopathy. Two reviewers independently conducted selection, data abstraction and assessed risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Gross, A. R.
Paquin, J. P.
Dupont, G.
Blanchette, S.
Lalonde, P.
Cristie, T.
Graham, N.
Kay, T. M.
Burnie, S. J.
Gelley, G.
Goldsmith, C. H.
Forget, M.
Santaguida, P. L.
Yee, A. J.
Radisic, G. G.
Hoving, J. L.
Bronfort, G.
Cervical Overview Group
Publication Title: 
Oncotarget

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients suffer from diverse symptoms, including depression, anxiety, pain, and fatigue and lower quality of life (QoL) during disease progression. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of Traditional Chinese Medicine psycho-behavioral interventions (TCM PBIs) on improving QoL by meta-analysis. RESULTS: The six TCM PBIs analyzed were acupuncture, Chinese massage, Traditional Chinese Medicine five elements musical intervention (TCM FEMI), Traditional Chinese Medicine dietary supplement (TCM DS), Qigong and Tai Chi.

Author(s): 
Tao, Weiwei
Luo, Xi
Cui, Bai
Liang, Dapeng
Wang, Chunli
Duan, Yangyang
Li, Xiaofen
Zhou, Shiyu
Zhao, Mingjie
Li, Yi
He, Yumin
Wang, Shaowu
Kelley, Keith W.
Jiang, Ping
Liu, Quentin
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Mind-body interventions are widely used by cancer patients to reduce symptoms and cope better with disease- and treatment-related symptoms. In the last decade, many clinical controlled trials of qigong/tai chi as a cancer treatment have emerged. This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate the effects of qigong/tai chi on the health-related outcomes of cancer patients. METHODS: Five databases (Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the CAJ Full-text Database) were searched until June 30, 2013.

Author(s): 
Zeng, Yingchun
Luo, Taizhen
Xie, Huaan
Huang, Meiling
Cheng, Andy S. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

CONTEXT: Most cancer patients suffer from both the disease itself and symptoms induced by conventional treatment. Available literature on the clinical effects on cancer patients of acupuncture, Tuina, Tai Chi, Qigong, and Traditional Chinese Medicine Five-Element Music Therapy (TCM-FEMT) reports controversial results. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of acupuncture, Tuina, Tai Chi, Qigong, and TCM-FEMT on various symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cancer; risk of bias for the selected trials also was assessed.

Author(s): 
Tao, Wei-Wei
Jiang, Hua
Tao, Xiao-Mei
Jiang, Ping
Sha, Li-Yan
Sun, Xian-Ce
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of qigong as a treatment for chronic pain. Five electronic databases were searched from their date of establishment until July 2014. The review included 10 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared the impacts of qigong on chronic pain with waiting list or placebo or general care. Random effect models and standard mean differences were used to present pain scores. A total of 10 RCTs met inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Bai, Zhenggang
Guan, Zhen
Fan, Yuan
Liu, Chuan
Yang, Kehu
Ma, Bin
Wu, Bei
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: Qigong and Tai Chi are the two most popular traditional Chinese exercises, known as mind-body movement therapies. Previous studies suggest that Qigong and Tai Chi may be beneficial in reducing depressive symptoms. This was the first study to systematically review and compare the effects of Qigong and Tai Chi on depressive symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of six electronic databases was undertaken through to February 2014, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which reported depressive symptoms measured by a depressive symptom rating scale.

Author(s): 
Liu, Xin
Clark, Justin
Siskind, Dan
Williams, Gail M.
Byrne, Gerard
Yang, Jiao L.
Doi, Suhail A.

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