Metronidazole

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The antiamoebic effect of a crude drug formulation against Entamoeba histolytica was studied. In the traditional system of medicine in India, the formulation has been prescribed for intestinal disorders. It comprises of five medicinal herbs, namely, Boerhavia diffusa, Berberis aristata, Tinospora cordifolia, Terminalia chebula and Zingiber officinale. The dried and pulverized plants were extracted in ethanol together and individually.

Author(s): 
Sohni, Y. R.
Kaimal, P.
Bhatt, R. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The activity of a crude extract formulation was evaluated in experimental amoebic liver abscess in golden hamsters and in immunomodulation studies. The formulation comprises the following five plants-Boerhavia diffusa, Tinospora cordifolia, Berberis aristata, Terminalia chebula and Zingiber officinale. The formulation had a maximum cure rate of 73% at a dose of 800 mg/kg/day in hepatic amoebiasis reducing the average degree of infection (ADI) to 1.3 as compared to 4.2 for sham-treated controls.

Author(s): 
Sohni, Y. R.
Bhatt, R. M.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The antimalarial drug artemisinin from Artemisia annua demonstrated remarkably strong activity against Helicobacter pylori, the pathogen responsible for peptic ulcer diseases. In an effort to develop a novel antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agent containing such a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide, a series of analogues (2 natural and 15 semisynthetic molecules), including eight newly synthesized compounds, were investigated against clinical and standard strains of H. pylori. The antimicrobial spectrum against 10 H.

Author(s): 
Goswami, Suchandra
Bhakuni, Rajendra S.
Chinniah, Annalakshmi
Pal, Anirban
Kar, Sudip K.
Das, Pratap K.
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Medicines are kept in households Worldwide for first aid, treatment of chronic or acute disease conditions. This promotes inappropriate use of medicines and hence the associated risks. The study explored the factors which predict availability and utilization of medicines in households of Northern Uganda. METHOD: A cross sectional survey of 892 households was performed from November-to-December 2012. Five data collectors administered the questionnaires, respondents were requested to bring out any medicines present in their households.

Author(s): 
Ocan, Moses
Bbosa, Godfrey S.
Waako, Paul
Ogwal-Okeng, Jasper
Obua, Celestino
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

A man with persistent prostatitis despite antibiotic therapy was found to have amebas compatible with Entamoeba histolytica in his urine after prostatic massage. Two indirect hemagglutination titers for E histolytica were negative. The patient had a prompt response to metronidazole therapy. Prostatitis due to amebic infection should be considered in patients who do not respond symptomatically to standard antibiotic therapy.

Author(s): 
Goff, D. A.
Davidson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Different parts of Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile, Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton, Adhatoda vasica Nees, Fagoniaar abica L. and Casuarina equisetifolia L. are traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of a variety of common ailments like nausea, cold, cough, asthma, fevers, diarrhea, sore throat, swelling, etc. The present study was aimed to evaluate the anti-Helicobacter pylori and urease inhibition activities of extracts produced from the above selected medicinal plants native to Soon Valley (home to an old civilization) in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Author(s): 
Amin, Muhammad
Anwar, Farooq
Naz, Fauqia
Mehmood, Tahir
Saari, Nazamid
Publication Title: 
Neurocirugía (Asturias, Spain)

We present a case of recurrent subdural post-surgical empyema by Proprionibacterium acnes after a first drained empyema in which no microbiological diagnosis was reached. P. acnes is a gram-positive anaerobic organism which is part of the saprophytic flora of the skin and others parts of the body. However, it can cause infections, as in the central nervous system, especially post-surgical infections in which can be the second more frequent organism after Staphylococcus aureus. P. acnes grows slowly and shows better growth in liquid anaerobic media.

Author(s): 
Romero-Pizarro, Y.
Muñoz-Algarra, M.
Fernández-Mateos, C.
Sánchez-Romero, I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology

We report a case of sepsis caused by Bifidobacterium longum in a 19-year-old male who had developed high fever, jaundice, and hepatomegaly after acupuncture therapy with small gold needles. Anaerobic, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacilli were isolated from his blood and finally identified as B. longum. He recovered completely after treatment with ticarcillin and metronidazole. To our knowledge, this is the first report of incidental sepsis caused by B. longum.

Author(s): 
Ha, G. Y.
Yang, C. H.
Kim, H.
Chong, Y.
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