Discoveries of immunomodulatory functions in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have suggested that they might have therapeutic utility in treating immune diseases. Recently, a novel MSC population was identified from dental pulp of human supernumerary teeth, and its multipotency characterized. Herein, we first examined the in vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory functions of human supernumerary tooth-derived stem cells (SNTSCs).
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The discovery of T helper (Th)17 cells that produce the proinflammatory cytokine IL-17 has substantially advanced our understanding of T-cell biology and autoimmunity. We will review recent findings on effector T cells, in particular Th17 cells, in lupus. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies reported increased IL-17 levels in the circulation and tissues in human and murine lupus. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus) had an increased frequency of Th17 cells in peripheral blood which correlated with disease activity.