Military Personnel

Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic scoping review of mind and body practices used with veterans or active duty military personnel to identify gaps in the literature and make recommendations for future primary research.

Author(s): 
Elwy, A. Rani
Johnston, Jennifer M.
Bormann, Jill E.
Hull, Amanda
Taylor, Stephanie L.
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Co-morbid symptoms (for example, chronic pain, depression, anxiety, and fatigue) are particularly common in military fighters returning from the current conflicts, who have experienced physical and/or psychological trauma. These overlapping conditions cut across the boundaries of mind, brain and body, resulting in a common symptomatic and functional spectrum of physical, cognitive, psychological and behavioral effects referred to as the 'Trauma Spectrum Response' (TSR).

Author(s): 
Lee, Courtney
Crawford, Cindy
Wallerstedt, Dawn
York, Alexandra
Duncan, Alaine
Smith, Jennifer
Sprengel, Meredith
Welton, Richard
Jonas, Wayne
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic scoping review of mind and body practices used with veterans or active duty military personnel to identify gaps in the literature and make recommendations for future primary research.

Author(s): 
Elwy, A. Rani
Johnston, Jennifer M.
Bormann, Jill E.
Hull, Amanda
Taylor, Stephanie L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Special operations are so designated for the specialized military missions they address. As a result, special operations present some unique metabolic challenges. In particular, soldiers often operate in a negative energy balance in stressful and demanding conditions with little opportunity for rest or recovery. In this framework, findings inferred from the performance literature suggest that increased protein intake may be beneficial. In particular, increased protein intake during negative caloric balance maintains lean body mass and blood glucose production.

Author(s): 
Ferrando, Arny A.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

Several studies have reported an association between traumatic stress and telomere length suggesting that traumatic stress has an impact on ageing at the cellular level. A newly derived tool provides an additional means to investigate cellular ageing by estimating epigenetic age based on DNA methylation profiles. We therefore hypothesise that in a longitudinal study of traumatic stress both indicators of cellular ageing will show increased ageing.

Author(s): 
Boks, Marco P.
van Mierlo, Hans C.
Rutten, Bart P. F.
Radstake, Timothy R. D. J.
De Witte, Lot
Geuze, Elbert
Horvath, Steve
Schalkwyk, Leonard C.
Vinkers, Christiaan H.
Broen, Jasper C. A.
Vermetten, Eric
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

Homosexual activist groups have targeted the Catholic Church and the American military as institutions especially in need of transformation. Associations of healthcare professionals are also under assault from homosexual activists. It is, nevertheless, appropriate for the Church and the military to defend themselves against this assault, to affirm that homosexuality is incompatible with Christian ethics and military service, and to help homosexuals free themselves from the vice of homosexuality. Arguments that homosexual reorientation therapy is unethical are unsound.

Author(s): 
Lutz, David
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

In his paper "The Catholic Church, the American Military, and Homosexual Reorientation Therapy," David W. Lutz ultimately concludes that it is "appropriate, and highly ethical" for the American military to offer reorientation therapy to help homosexuals overcome "the vice of sodomy." The major thrust of his paper, however, is to call for abandonment of the "Don't Ask/Don't Tell" policy currently in place in the military.

Author(s): 
Hierholzer, Robert
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

The distinct role of mothers and fathers in shaping the quality of relationships with romantic partner was explored. One hundred and twenty 17-year old girls were observed during their senior year in high school with each of their parents during a Revealed differences task [Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., Bell, K. L., Boykin, K. A., & Tate, D. C. (1994). Autonomy and relatedness coding system manual, version 2.01. Unpublished manual] and filled out questionnaires pertaining to their relationships with romantic partners.

Author(s): 
Scharf, Miri
Mayseless, Ofra
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nursing Measurement

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The level of patient satisfaction is a result of a complex set of interactions between the patient and the health care provider. It is important to quantify satisfaction with care because it involves the patient in the care experience and decreases the potential gap between expected and actual care delivered. METHODS: We tested a preliminary 23-item instrument to measure patient satisfaction with general anesthesia care. The rating scale Rasch model was chosen as the framework. RESULTS: There were 10 items found to have sufficient evidence of stable fit statistics.

Author(s): 
Hawkins, Robert J.
Kremer, Michael J.
Swanson, Barbara
Fogg, Lou
Pierce, Penny
Pearson, Julie
Publication Title: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections

OBJECTIVES: Willingness to participate in HIV-1 vaccine trials and associated factors were investigated in a sample of 2670 Royal Thai Army conscripted recruits. METHODS: Self administered questionnaires were used. Data were collected during the final visit of a longitudinal cohort study of HIV-1 epidemiology. Cross sectional analysis of data from this visit was performed. RESULTS: 32% of the respondents reported they would "definitely" join an HIV-1 vaccine trial.

Author(s): 
Jenkins, R. A.
Torugsa, K.
Markowitz, L. E.
Mason, C. J.
Jamroentana, V.
Brown, A. E.
Nitayaphan, S.

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