mindfulness-based stress reduction

Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practices that include yoga asanas and mindfulness-based stress reduction for the management of stress are increasingly popular; however, the neurobiological effects of these practices on stress reactivity are not well understood. Many studies investigating the effects of such practices fail to include an active control group. Given the frequency with which people are selecting such interventions as a form of self-management, it is important to determine their effectiveness.

Author(s): 
Pascoe, Michaela C.
Thompson, David R.
Ski, Chantal F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Cancer is acknowledged as a source of stress for many individuals, often leading to suffering, which can be long-lasting. Mindfulness-based stress reduction offers an effective way of reducing stress among cancer patients by combining mindfulness meditation and yoga in an 8-week training program. The purpose of this study was to inspect studies from October 2009 to November 2015 and examine whether mindfulness-based stress reduction can be utilized as a viable method for managing stress among cancer patients.

Author(s): 
Rush, Sarah E.
Sharma, Manoj
Publication Title: 
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Stress is a global public health problem with several negative health consequences, including anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease, and suicide. Mindfulness-based stress reduction offers an effective way of reducing stress by combining mindfulness meditation and yoga in an 8-week training program. The purpose of this study was to look at studies from January 2009 to January 2014 and examine whether mindfulness-based stress reduction is a potentially viable method for managing stress.

Author(s): 
Sharma, Manoj
Rush, Sarah E.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

OBJECTIVES: We performed a citation analysis of the literature about mindfulness aimed at describing the most significant topics and the impact of more relevant papers. METHODS: We classified 128 systematic reviews about mindfulness-based intervention retrieved in Scopus according to their object, the population included and the type of mindfulness proposed. The citation counting was reported. The cumulative citation numbers per chronological years and article life were analyzed thorough a linear regression model.

Author(s): 
Chiesa, Alberto
Fazia, Teresa
Bernardinelli, Luisa
Morandi, Gabriella
Publication Title: 
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health

INTRODUCTION: Work-related stress and exposure to traumatic birth have deleterious impacts on midwifery practice, the midwife's physiologic well-being, and the midwifery workforce. This is a global phenomenon, and the specific sources of this stress vary dependent on practice setting. This scoping review aims to determine which, if any, modalities help to reduce stress and increase resilience among a population of midwives.

Author(s): 
Wright, Erin M.
Matthai, Maude Theo
Warren, Nicole
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success.

Author(s): 
McConville, Janet
McAleer, Rachael
Hahne, Andrew
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practices that include yoga asanas and mindfulness-based stress reduction for the management of stress are increasingly popular; however, the neurobiological effects of these practices on stress reactivity are not well understood. Many studies investigating the effects of such practices fail to include an active control group. Given the frequency with which people are selecting such interventions as a form of self-management, it is important to determine their effectiveness.

Author(s): 
Pascoe, Michaela C.
Thompson, David R.
Ski, Chantal F.
Publication Title: 
Behaviour Research and Therapy

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants.

Author(s): 
Parsons, Christine E.
Crane, Catherine
Parsons, Liam J.
Fjorback, Lone Overby
Kuyken, Willem
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Psychology

This systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based interventions in reducing diabetes-related physiological and psychological symptoms in adults with types 1 and 2 diabetes. Five databases were systematically searched. A total of 11 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. Mindfulness-based intervention effectiveness for physiological outcomes (glycaemic control and blood pressure) was mixed. Mindfulness-based interventions appear to have psychological benefits reducing depression, anxiety and distress symptoms across several studies.

Author(s): 
Noordali, Farhan
Cumming, Jennifer
Thompson, Janice L.
Publication Title: 
Current Oncology (Toronto, Ont.)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (mbsr) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (mbct) in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: The medline, Cochrane Library, embase, cambase, and PsycInfo databases were screened through November 2011. The search strategy combined keywords for mbsr and mbct with keywords for breast cancer. Randomized controlled trials (rcts) comparing mbsr or mbct with control conditions in patients with breast cancer were included.

Author(s): 
Cramer, H.
Lauche, R.
Paul, A.
Dobos, G.

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