Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark. (EUE), has commonly been used to fortify the muscles and lungs, lower blood pressure, prevent miscarriage, improve the tone of liver and kidneys, and promote longevity the traditional tonic medicines of Korea, China, and Japan. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated that the neuroprotective activities and possible mechanisms of EUE aqueous extract in hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced neuronal cell death in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Author(s): 
Kwon, Seung-Hwan
Kim, Min-Jung
Ma, Shi-Xun
You, In-Jee
Hwang, Ji-Young
Oh, Ji-Hwan
Kim, Sun-Yeou
Kim, Hyoung-Chun
Lee, Seok-Yong
Jang, Choon-Gon
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

Addiction is a chronic and relapsing psychiatric disorder that is thought to occur in vulnerable individuals. Synaptic plasticity evoked by drugs of abuse in the so-called neuronal circuits of reward has been proposed to underlie behavioral adaptations that characterize addiction. By increasing dopamine in the striatum, addictive drugs alter the balance of dopamine and glutamate signals converging onto striatal medium-sized spiny neurons (MSNs) and activate intracellular events involved in long-term behavioral alterations.

Author(s): 
Pascoli, Vincent
Cahill, Emma
Bellivier, Frank
Caboche, Jocelyne
Vanhoutte, Peter
Publication Title: 
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

Epidemiologic studies have suggested an inverse correlation between dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables and cancer risk. It is thus of interest to investigate the anticancer potential of phytochemicals presented in cruciferous vegetables. In this study, methyl-3-indolylacetate (MIA), a cruciferous indole for which the bioactivity has not been previously reported, was found to significantly suppress the invasion of cancer cells stimulated by the 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA).

Author(s): 
Zhang, Siyuan
Li, Zhi
Wu, Ximei
Huang, Qing
Shen, Han-Ming
Ong, Choon-nam
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Pathology

Clinical use of human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors such as ritonavir may be associated with cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to determine the effects and molecular mechanisms of ritonavir on cholesterol efflux from human macrophage-derived foam cells, which is a critical factor of atherogenesis. Human THP-1 monocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were preincubated with acetylated low-density lipoprotein and [(3)H]cholesterol to form foam cells, which were then treated with apolipoprotein A-I for cholesterol efflux assay.

Author(s): 
Wang, Xinwen
Mu, Hong
Chai, Hong
Liao, Dan
Yao, Qizhi
Chen, Changyi
Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Nitrotyrosine is a new biomarker of atherosclerosis and inflammation. The objective of this study was to determine the direct effects of free nitrotyrosine on human aortic smooth muscle cell (AoSMC) migration and molecular mechanisms. By a modified Boyden chamber assay, nitrotyrosine significantly increased AoSMC migration in a concentration-dependent manner. For example, nitrotyrosine at 300 nM increased AoSMC migration up to 152% compared with l-tyrosine-treated control cells (P<0.01). Cell wound healing assay confirmed this effect.

Author(s): 
Mu, Hong
Wang, Xinwen
Lin, Peter
Yao, Qizhi
Chen, Changyi
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

The objective of this study was to determine the effects and mechanisms of serum amyloid A (SAA) on coronary endothelial function. Porcine coronary arteries and human coronary arterial endothelial cells (HCAECs) were treated with SAA (0, 1, 10, or 25 microg/ml). Vasomotor reactivity was studied using a myograph tension system. SAA significantly reduced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of porcine coronary arteries in response to bradykinin in a concentration-dependent manner.

Author(s): 
Wang, Xinwen
Chai, Hong
Wang, Zehao
Lin, Peter H.
Yao, Qizhi
Chen, Changyi
Publication Title: 
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) is an essential determinant of basal myocardial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and bioenergetics. We wished to determine whether increased lipid loading affects the PPARdelta deficient heart in transcriptional regulation of FAO and in the development of cardiac pathology. Cardiomyocyte-restricted PPARdelta knockout (CR-PPARdelta(-/-)) and control (alpha-MyHC-Cre) mice were subjected to 48 h of fasting and to a long-term maintenance on a (28 weeks) high-fat diet (HFD). The expression of key FAO proteins in heart was examined.

Author(s): 
Li, Yuquan
Cheng, Lihong
Qin, Qianhong
Liu, Jian
Lo, Woo-kuen
Brako, Lowrence A.
Yang, Qinglin
Publication Title: 
Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)

Interleukin-12 (IL-12)-deficiency promotes photocarcinogenesis in mice; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect have not been fully elucidated. Here, we report that long-term exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation resulted in enhancement of the levels of cell survival kinases, such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt (Ser(473)), p-ERK1/2, and p-p38 in the skin of IL-12p40 knockout (IL-12 KO) mice compared with the skin of wild-type mice. UV-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)/p65 in the skin of IL-12 KO mice was also more prominent.

Author(s): 
Meeran, Syed M.
Katiyar, Nandan
Singh, Tripti
Katiyar, Santosh K.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Research

The CXC receptor-1 (CXCR1) is a coreceptor for interleukin-8 (IL-8) and is expressed on both normal and tumor cells. The function of CXCR1 in prostate cancer was investigated by silencing its expression, using RNA interference. We established stable cell colonies of PC-3 cells, depleted of CXCR1, using lentiviral plasmids (pLK0.1puro) generating small hairpin RNA (shRNA) against CXCR1 mRNA. Stable shRNA transfectants (PLK1-PLK5) that express significantly reduced CXCR1 mRNA (>or=90% down) and protein (>or=43% down) or vector-only transfectants (PC-3V) were characterized.

Author(s): 
Shamaladevi, Nagarajarao
Lyn, Dominic A.
Escudero, Diogo O.
Lokeshwar, Bal L.
Publication Title: 
Endocrinology

Genistein, a flavonoid in legumes and some herbal medicines, has various biological actions. However, studies on whether genistein has an effect on pancreatic beta-cell function are very limited. In the present study, we investigated the effect of genistein on beta-cell proliferation and cellular signaling related to this effect and further determined its antidiabetic potential in insulin-deficient diabetic mice. Genistein induced both INS1 and human islet beta-cell proliferation after 24 h of incubation, with 5 mum genistein inducing a maximal 27% increase.

Author(s): 
Fu, Zhuo
Zhang, Wen
Zhen, Wei
Lum, Hazel
Nadler, Jerry
Bassaganya-Riera, Josep
Jia, Zhenquan
Wang, Yanwen
Misra, Hara
Liu, Dongmin

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