Monocytes

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

AIM OF THE STUDY: The aqueous extract of Terminalia chebular fruits was reported to have anti-hyperglycemia and anti-diabetic complication effects. The present study therefore investigated the protective mechanism of chebulic acid, a phenolcarboxylic acid compound isolated from the ripe fruits of Terminalia chebula against advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs)-induced endothelial cell dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Koo, Yoon-Chang
Suh, Hyung Joo
Kim, Kyung-Yong
Lee, Kwang-Won
Publication Title: 
Planta Medica

Terminalia chebula Retz. has been used in India for a long time to treat many diseases, and its extract was reported to have antidiabetic activity in vivo. In this study, T. chebula methanolic extract (TCE) containing 2.7 % chebulic acid was evaluated for its preventive effects against the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and endothelial cell dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Cho, Hong Yon
Park, Kuen-Woo
Kim, In-Hwan
Kim, Jong-Tak
Nam, Mi-Hyun
Lee, Kwang-Won
Publication Title: 
Cardiovascular Toxicology

In 2011, dozens of children and pregnant women in Korea died by exposure to sterilizer for household humidifier, such as Oxy(Æ) and Cefu(Æ). Until now, however, it remains unknown how the sterilizer affect the human health to cause the acute deaths. To find its toxicity for organ, we investigated the putative toxicity of the sterilizer in the cardiovascular system. The sterilizers, polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate (PHMG, Cefu(Æ)), and oligo-[2-(2-ethoxy)-ethoxyethyl)-guanidinium-chloride (PGH, Oxy(Æ)) were treated to human lipoproteins, macrophages, and dermal fibroblast cells.

Author(s): 
Kim, Jae-Yong
Kim, Hak Hyeon
Cho, Kyung-Hyun
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

In mice, monocytes that exhibit a pro-inflammatory profile enter muscle tissue after muscle injury and are crucial for clearance of necrotic tissue and stimulation of muscle progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to test if pro-inflammatory capacity of classically activated (M1) monocytes relates to muscle mass and strength in humans. This study included 191 male and 195 female subjects (mean age 64.2 years (SD 6.4) and 61.9 ± 6.4, respectively) of the Leiden Longevity Study.

Author(s): 
Beenakker, Karel G. M.
Westendorp, Rudi G. J.
de Craen, Anton J. M.
Slagboom, Pieternella E.
van Heemst, Diana
Maier, Andrea B.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Immunology

Recent insights into discrete myeloid developmental pathways have provided critical information about the organization of the murine mononuclear phagocyte compartment. Short-lived dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to continuously arise from dedicated bone marrow-derived precursors. In contrast, it is now appreciated that most tissue macrophage populations are established before birth and subsequently maintain themselves throughout adulthood by longevity and limited self-renewal.

Author(s): 
Mildner, Alexander
Yona, Simon
Jung, Steffen
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

BACKGROUND: The experience of undergoing surgery is known to induce a short-term, fight-or-flight physiological stress response. As an optimum immune response at the site of surgery would enhance tissue repair, we examined surgical stress-induced immune cell redistribution profiles as predictors, and potential mediators, of short and long-term postoperative recovery. We tested the a priori hypothesis that predefined adaptive immune cell redistribution profiles observed during surgery will predict enhanced postoperative recovery.

Author(s): 
Rosenberger, Patricia H.
Ickovics, Jeannette R.
Epel, Elissa
Nadler, Eric
Jokl, Peter
Fulkerson, John P.
Tillie, Jean M.
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Publication Title: 
Brain, behavior, and immunity

Telomerase activity plays an essential role in cel0l survival, by lengthening telomeres and promoting cell growth and longevity. It is now possible to quantify the low levels of telomerase activity in human leukocytes. Low basal telomerase activity has been related to chronic stress in people and to chronic glucocorticoid exposure in vitro. Here we test whether leukocyte telomerase activity changes under acute psychological stress.

Author(s): 
Epel, Elissa S.
Lin, Jue
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Wolkowitz, Owen M.
Puterman, E
Karan, Lori
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Publication Title: 
Infection and Immunity

Incubation of mammalian tumor cells with either soluble of insoluble fractions (10 to 100 micrograms/ml) of Fusobacterium nucleatum sensitizes them to the destructive activity of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) effector cells in the presence of anti-F. nucleatum antisera. All three types of ADCC effector cells are capable of destroying F. nucleatum-sensitized target cells with varying degrees of effectiveness (lymphocytes much greater than monocytes greater than neutrophils). Hyperimmune rabbit anti-F. nucleatum antisera were active at a dilution as high as 1/100,000.

Author(s): 
Lopatin, D. E.
Blackburn, E.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Enhanced glucocorticoid receptor (GR) sensitivity is present in people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the molecular mechanisms of GR sensitivity are not understood. Epigenetic factors have emerged as one potential mechanism that account for how trauma exposure leads to sustained PTSD symptoms given that PTSD develops in only a subset of trauma survivors.

Author(s): 
Yehuda, Rachel
Flory, Janine D.
Bierer, Linda M.
Henn-Haase, Clare
Lehrner, Amy
Desarnaud, Frank
Makotkine, Iouri
Daskalakis, Nikolaos P.
Marmar, Charles R.
Meaney, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Neuromolecular Medicine

DNA methylation, which is the transference of a methyl group to the 5'-carbon position of the cytosine in a CpG dinucleotide, is one of the major mechanisms of epigenetic modifications. A number of studies have demonstrated altered DNA methylation of peripheral blood cells in schizophrenia (SCZ) in previous studies.

Author(s): 
Kinoshita, Makoto
Numata, Shusuke
Tajima, Atsushi
Ohi, Kazutaka
Hashimoto, Ryota
Shimodera, Shinji
Imoto, Issei
Takeda, Masatoshi
Ohmori, Tetsuro

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