Mortality

Publication Title: 
Children in the Tropics
Author(s): 
Chauliac, M.
Masse-raimbault, A. M.
Publication Title: 
POPCEN news letter. Population Centre (Lucknow, India)
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective relationship between spiritual experiences and health in a sample of patients surviving an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with depression or low social support. METHODS: A subset of 503 patients participating in the enhancing recovery in coronary heart disease (ENRICHD) trial completed a Daily Spiritual Experiences (DSE) questionnaire within 28 days from the time of their AMI. The questionnaire assessed three spirituality variables-worship service/church attendance, prayer/meditation, and total DSE score.

Author(s): 
Blumenthal, James A.
Babyak, Michael A.
Ironson, Gail
Thoresen, Carl
Powell, Lynda
Czajkowski, Susan
Burg, Matthew
Keefe, Francis J.
Steffen, Patrick
Catellier, Diane
ENRICHD Investigators
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine

Current standards for resuscitation in the hospital include special care areas, a mobile resuscitation team, and training of all nurses and physicians in basic life support. The yield is the saving of a substantial number of lives. The expenditure is patient suffering and hospital costs in cases of initial revival and subsequent death after maximal therapy, infliction of thoracic skeletal lesions necessitating prolonged ventilator support, and survival with brain damage.

Author(s): 
Sandøe, E.
Publication Title: 
Vaccine & Immunization News: The Newsletter of the Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunization
Author(s): 
World Health Organization WHO. Expanded Programme on Immunization EPI
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement use is common in older US adults; however, data on health risks and benefits are lacking for a number of supplements. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether 10-y average intakes of 13 vitamin and mineral supplements and glucosamine, chondroitin, saw palmetto, Ginko biloba, garlic, fish-oil, and fiber supplements were associated with total mortality. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of Washington State residents aged 50-76 y during 2000-2002. Participants (n = 77,719) were followed for mortality for an average of 5 y.

Author(s): 
Pocobelli, Gaia
Kristal, Alan R.
Patterson, Ruth E.
Potter, John D.
Lampe, Johanna W.
Kolar, Ann
Evans, Ilonka
White, Emily
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement use is common in older US adults; however, data on health risks and benefits are lacking for a number of supplements. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether 10-y average intakes of 13 vitamin and mineral supplements and glucosamine, chondroitin, saw palmetto, Ginko biloba, garlic, fish-oil, and fiber supplements were associated with total mortality. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of Washington State residents aged 50-76 y during 2000-2002. Participants (n = 77,719) were followed for mortality for an average of 5 y.

Author(s): 
Pocobelli, Gaia
Kristal, Alan R.
Patterson, Ruth E.
Potter, John D.
Lampe, Johanna W.
Kolar, Ann
Evans, Ilonka
White, Emily
Publication Title: 
Nutrition and Cancer

In the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trial of calcium plus vitamin D (CaD), we examined the treatment effect on incidence and mortality for all invasive cancers. Postmenopausal women (N = 36,282) were randomized to 1,000 mg of elemental calcium with 400 IU vitamin D3 or placebo. Cox models estimated risk of cancer incidence and mortality. After 7.0 yr, 1,306 invasive cancers were diagnosed in the supplement and 1,333 in the placebo group [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.98; CI = 0.90, 1.05, unweighted P = 0.54].

Author(s): 
Brunner, Robert L.
Wactawski-Wende, Jean
Caan, Bette J.
Cochrane, Barbara B.
Chlebowski, Rowan T.
Gass, Margery L. S.
Jacobs, Elizabeth T.
LaCroix, Andrea Z.
Lane, Dorothy
Larson, Joseph
Margolis, Karen L.
Millen, Amy E.
Sarto, Gloria E.
Vitolins, Mara Z.
Wallace, Robert B.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Although dietary supplements are commonly taken to prevent chronic disease, the long-term health consequences of many compounds are unknown. METHODS: We assessed the use of vitamin and mineral supplements in relation to total mortality in 38,772 older women in the Iowa Women's Health Study; mean age was 61.6 years at baseline in 1986. Supplement use was self-reported in 1986, 1997, and 2004. Through December 31, 2008, a total of 15,594 deaths (40.2%) were identified through the State Health Registry of Iowa and the National Death Index.

Author(s): 
Mursu, Jaakko
Robien, Kim
Harnack, Lisa J.
Park, Kyong
Jacobs, David R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985)

Food restriction increases the maximal longevity of rats. Male rats do not increase their food intake to compensate for the increase in energy expenditure in response to exercise. However, a decrease in the availability of energy for growth and cell proliferation that induces an increase in maximal longevity in sedentary rats only results in an improvement in average survival, with no extension of maximal life span, when caused by exercise. In a previous study (J.O. Holloszy and K.B. Schechtman. J. Appl. Physiol.

Author(s): 
Holloszy, J. O.

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