Motor Activity

Publication Title: 
Journal of Sports Sciences

Our understanding of the relationship between physical activity and health is constantly evolving. Therefore, the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences convened a panel of experts to review the literature and produce guidelines that health professionals might use. In the ABC of Physical Activity for Health, A is for All healthy adults, B is for Beginners, and C is for Conditioned individuals.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, Gary
Blazevich, Anthony J.
Boreham, Colin
Cooper, Ashley R.
Crank, Helen
Ekelund, Ulf
Fox, Kenneth R.
Gately, Paul
Giles-Corti, Billie
Gill, Jason M. R.
Hamer, Mark
McDermott, Ian
Murphy, Marie
Mutrie, Nanette
Reilly, John J.
Saxton, John M.
Stamatakis, Emmanuel
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that physical activity delays the onset of dementia in healthy older adults and slows down cognitive decline to prevent the onset of cognitive disability. Studies using animal models suggest that physical activity has the potential to attenuate the pathophysiology of dementia. 'Physical activity' refers to 'usual care plus physical activity'.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Forbes, Sean
Morgan, Debra G.
Markle-Reid, Maureen
Wood, Jennifer
Culum, Ivan
Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: Since a distorted body experience and a sedentary lifestyle are central in the course of binge eating disorder (BED), physical therapy might be an interesting add-on treatment. The aim of this study was to systematically review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating physical therapy on binge eating and physical and mental health in BED patients.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Vanderlinden, Johan
De Hert, Marc
Adámkova, Milena
Skjaerven, Liv Helvik
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
Probst, Michel
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

The objective of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of different types of regular leisure-time physical activities and pooled the effect sizes of those activities on long-term glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes compared with routine care. This review included randomized controlled trials from 1960 to May 2014. A total of 10 Chinese and English databases were searched, following selection and critical appraisal, 18 randomized controlled trials with 915 participants were included.

Author(s): 
Pai, Lee-Wen
Li, Tsai-Chung
Hwu, Yueh-Juen
Chang, Shu-Chuan
Chen, Li-li
Chang, Pi-Ying
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Thiessen, Emily J.
Blake, Catherine M.
Forbes, Scott C.
Forbes, Sean
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research

People with PTSD experience high levels of cardiovascular disease and comorbid mental health problems. Physical activity (PA) is an effective intervention in the general population. We conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of PA on PTSD. We searched major electronic databases from inception till 03/2015 for RCTs of PA interventions among people with PTSD. A random effects meta-analysis calculating hedges g was conducted. From a potential of 812 hits, four unique RCTs met the inclusion criteria (n=200, mean age of participants 34-52 years).

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Vancampfort, Davy
Steel, Zachary
Newby, Jill
Ward, Philip B.
Stubbs, Brendon
Publication Title: 
NeuroRehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a well-established sequela of people suffering from neurological pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise intervention programs on cognitive performance in participants suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Four online databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PEDro) were comprehensively searched from their inception through December 2014.

Author(s): 
Kalron, Alon
Zeilig, Gabi
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of physical activity on depressive symptoms (primary objective), symptoms of schizophrenia, anthropometric measures, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (secondary objectives) in people with mental illness and explore between-study heterogeneity. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched from earliest record to 2013.

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Tiedemann, Anne
Sherrington, Catherine
Curtis, Jackie
Ward, Philip B.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There are high expectations regarding the potential for the communication of DNA-based disease risk estimates to motivate behaviour change. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of communicating DNA-based disease risk estimates on risk-reducing behaviours and motivation to undertake such behaviours.

Author(s): 
Marteau, Theresa M.
French, David P.
Griffin, Simon J.
Prevost, A. T.
Sutton, Stephen
Watkinson, Clare
Attwood, Sophie
Hollands, Gareth J.
Publication Title: 
JMIR research protocols

BACKGROUND: Internet interventions offer advantages that especially cancer survivors who suffer from fatigue could benefit from. Given the growing number of such patients, Internet interventions could supplement and strengthen currently available health care.

Author(s): 
Wolvers, Marije Dj
Bruggeman-Everts, Fieke Z.
Van der Lee, Marije L.
Van de Schoot, Rens
Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam Mr

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