Mucous Membrane

Publication Title: 
Cryobiology
Author(s): 
Thomford, N. R.
Wilson, W. H.
Blackburn, E. D.
Pace, W. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: This article describes interaction of the Earth's mass-electrolytic conductor on the electrical environment of human organism-aqueous environment and skeleton. In this environment, bioelectrical and bioenergetical processes take place. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Measurements of electric potential on tongue, teeth, nails, and in venous blood in subjects earthed and unearthed were conducted in Faraday's cage with the use of an electrometer placed outside the cage. Measurements were performed in subjects in lying position and in movements of standing up and lying down.

Author(s): 
Sokal, Karol
Sokal, Pawel
Publication Title: 
South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde

Etomidate (Hypnomidate; Janssen) 1,25% in sterile water was given rectally on 100 occasions to 50 male Long-Evans rats in doses ranging from 4 mg/kg to 12 mg/kg. The onset and duration of ataxia and hypnosis (i.e. loss of righting ability) were recorded. Ataxia was observed in all rats, even at the lowest dose levels. The lowest hypnotic dose was 6 mg/kg, when 2 out of 5 rats lost their righting ability. In all 50 rats given 8 mg/kg or more hypnosis occurred within 4 minutes (range 2-4 minutes, average 3,3 minutes), from which they recovered within an average of 10,4 minutes.

Author(s): 
Linton, D. M.
Price, S. K.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic, relapsing, and tissue-destructive disease. Resveratrol (3,4,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a naturally occurring polyphenol that exhibits beneficial pleiotropic health effects, is recognized as one of the most promising natural molecules in the prevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory disease and autoimmune disorders.

Author(s): 
Singh, Udai P.
Singh, Narendra P.
Singh, Balwan
Hofseth, Lorne J.
Price, Robert L.
Nagarkatti, Mitzi
Nagarkatti, Prakash S.
Publication Title: 
Gastroenterology

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Immunological disorders of the gastrointestinal tract such as inflammatory bowel disease often result in recurrent and persistently elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (KSR1) is involved in tumor necrosis factor-mediated colon epithelial cell survival, yet its role in chronic inflammation has not been defined. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that KSR1 is protective against spontaneous experimental colitis.

Author(s): 
Goettel, Jeremy A.
Scott Algood, Holly M.
Olivares-Villagómez, Danyvid
Washington, M. Kay
Chaturvedi, Rupesh
Wilson, Keith T.
Van Kaer, Luc
Polk, D. Brent
Publication Title: 
Mucosal Immunology

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is widely expressed in macrophages and has been identified as a putative target for the development of novel therapies against inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Computational simulations identified macrophages as key targets for therapeutic interventions against IBD. This study aimed to characterize the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of macrophage PPAR-γ in IBD.

Author(s): 
Hontecillas, R.
Horne, W. T.
Climent, M.
Guri, A. J.
Evans, C.
Zhang, Y.
Sobral, B. W.
Bassaganya-Riera, J.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol has received significant attention as a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic intestinal inflammation caused by hyperactivated effector immune cells that produce proinflammatory cytokines. Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population characterized by the co-expression of CD11b(+) and Gr-1(+) and have long been known for their immunosuppressive function.

Author(s): 
Singh, Udai P.
Singh, Narendra P.
Singh, Balwan
Hofseth, Lorne J.
Taub, Dennis D.
Price, Robert L.
Nagarkatti, Mitzi
Nagarkatti, Prakash S.
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Disturbance of the normal mucociliary clearance due to hyperproduction of mucus and modification of its physicochemical characteristics is a common finding in airway diseases. Drugs that affect airway secretion have been developed and used to cleanse the respiratory tract for many centuries and in many countries. On the basis of the mechanism of their actions, the mucoactive drugs are classified into several groups. Some mucoactive drugs have direct effects on the production or composition of airway secretions, resulting in increased effectiveness of mucociliary clearance.

Author(s): 
Miyata, Takeshi
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of Tiaozhong Granule (TZG), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, in treating rats with mixed reflux esophagitis. METHODS: Fifty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into untreated group (n=12), sham-operated group (n=10), TZG-treated group (n=12), Banxia Xiexin Decoction (BXXXD)-treated group (n=12) and cisapride-treated group (n=12). Mixed reflux esophagitis was induced by esophago-duodenum end-to-side anastomosis. Four weeks later, the rats were orally administered twice daily for 12 days.

Author(s): 
Shi, Zhao-hong
Su, Wen
Zhang, Jie-mei
Hao, Jian-jun
Feng, Yun-xia
Chen, Zhou
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not You Gui Wan (YGW), a classical herbal formula in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), has an impact on rat uterine and vaginal atrophic processes induced by ovariectomy (OVX). Thirty-four OVX Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three sets, and orally administrated with YGW decoction, saline or estrogen for 11 weeks, respectively. Histomorphological changes of the uterus and vagina, and serum estradiol levels were then compared. Results showed that OVX caused a dramatic atrophy of the uterus and vagina in the rats.

Author(s): 
Hu, Xiang
Wang, Jin
Yin, Qiao-Zhi
Lu, Hua
Yie, Shang-Mian

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