Muscle Spasticity

Publication Title: 
BMC neurology

BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA has demonstrated significant benefit in adult focal spasticity. This study reviews the injection patterns (i.e., muscle distribution, dosing) of onabotulinumtoxinA for treatment of adult spasticity, as reported in published studies. METHODS: A systematic review of clinical trials and observational studies published between 1990 and 2011 reporting data on muscles injected with onabotulinumtoxinA in adult patients treated for any cause of spasticity.

Author(s): 
Nalysnyk, Luba
Papapetropoulos, Spyridon
Rotella, Philip
Simeone, Jason C.
Alter, Katharine E.
Esquenazi, Alberto
Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) for stroke patients with spasticity. DATA SOURCES: Five English databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) and 4 Chinese databases (Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP Database, Wanfang Database) were searched from their inception to September 2016.

Author(s): 
Cai, Yiyi
Zhang, Claire Shuiqing
Liu, Shaonan
Wen, Zehuai
Zhang, Anthony Lin
Guo, Xinfeng
Lu, Chuanjian
Xue, Charlie Changli
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for spasticity in patients with stroke. The available literature was reviewed in an effort to assess its efficacy in this situation. METHODS: Randomized trials assessing the effects of acupuncture for the treatment of spasticity after stroke were identified by searching the Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, EBSCOhost, SCOPUS, CINAHL, EMBASE, Alternative Medicine Database, and Chinese and Korean medical literature databases.

Author(s): 
Park, Si-Woon
Yi, Sook-Hee
Lee, Jung Ah
Hwang, Pil Woo
Yoo, Hyun Cheol
Kang, Kyoung Sook
Publication Title: 
Atencion Primaria

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing spasticity in post-stroke patients. DESIGN: Literature review. DATA SOURCE: The literature search was performed using scientific databases from January 2000 to January 2013. SELECTION OF STUDIES: Out of the 110 studies that were found, nine random and controlled trials were included. Inclusion criteria were based on clinical trials in which participants were over 18 years old, who were suffering with post-stroke spasticity, and one of the experimental groups was treated with acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Rodríguez-Mansilla, Juan
Espejo-Antúnez, Luis
Bustamante-López, Ana Isabel
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: While numerous measures are available to assist physicians in assessing patients with cerebral palsy, there is a paucity of instruments that capture data relevant to osteopathic assessment. The lack of such tools limits the reach of research in key osteopathic indicators. METHODS: A structured objective form designed to assist osteopathic physicians in the evaluation of fascial restriction, restriction of spinal motion, and muscle spasticity was developed for use during osteopathic musculoskeletal structural examinations.

Author(s): 
Davis, Melinda F.
Worden, Katherine
Clawson, Diane
Meaney, F. John
Duncan, Burris
Publication Title: 
The Western Journal of Medicine

Although many clinical studies suggest the medical utility of marijuana for some conditions, the scientific evidence is weak. Many patients in California are self-medicating with marijuana, and physicians need data to assess the risks and benefits. The only reasonable solution to this problem is to encourage research on the medical effects of marijuana. The current regulatory system should be modified to remove barriers to clinical research with marijuana.

Author(s): 
Marmor, J. B.
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

The use of smoked marijuana as a therapeutic agent is presently a matter of considerable debate in the United States. Many people suffering from a variety of disorders maintain that it is necessary for their adequate treatment. Yet, the evidence to support claims is insufficient for FDA approval. An interim solution is proposed which would allow patients referred by their physicians to participate in a 6-month program of legal marijuana availability, similar to the 'compassionate IND' program of a number of years ago.

Author(s): 
Hollister, L. E.
Publication Title: 
STEP perspective
Author(s): 
Schouten, J. T.
Publication Title: 
Neurology

To estimate the patterns and prevalence of cannabis use among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), 220 patients were surveyed in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Seventy-two subjects (36%) reported ever having used cannabis for any purpose; 29 respondents (14%) reported continuing use of cannabis for symptom treatment. Medical cannabis use was associated with male gender, tobacco use, and recreational cannabis use. The symptoms reported by medical cannabis users to be most effectively relieved were stress, sleep, mood, stiffness/spasm, and pain.

Author(s): 
Clark, A. J.
Ware, M. A.
Yazer, E.
Murray, T. J.
Lynch, M. E.
Publication Title: 
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America

Marijuana contains over 60 different types of cannabinoids, which are its medicinally active ingredients. Cannabinoids have the capacity for neuromodulation--through direct, receptor-based mechanisms--at many levels within the nervous system, providing therapeutic properties that may be applicable to the treatment of neurologic disorders. These include antioxidation, neuroprotection, analgesia, anti-inflammation, immunomodulation, modulation of glial cells, and tumor growth regulation.

Author(s): 
Carter, Gregory T.
Ugalde, Vivian

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