Muscle Tonus

Publication Title: 
Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Author(s): 
Mildner, F.
Peters, F.
Schaefer, K. P.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports
Author(s): 
Bender, V. L.
Navarrete, F. J.
Nuttman, D.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Pajntar, M.
Jeglic, A.
Stefancic, M.
Vodovnik, L.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica

The behavioral effects of 450191-S and its metabolites were investigated in mice, rats, cats and rhesus monkeys, and they were compared with those of related benzodiazepines (BDZ) such as diazepam and nitrazepam. Oral administration of 450191-S consistently caused sedation without excitability in mice and rats, and it was only 1/2 to 1/266 as potent as the BDZ in producing motor incoordination as assessed by traction, rotarod performance and inclined screen tests in mice, induced much less ataxia in cats and monkeys, and inhibited respiration in anesthetized cats.

Author(s): 
Yamamoto, K.
Hirose, K.
Matsushita, A.
Yoshimura, K.
Sawada, T.
Eigyo, M.
Jyoyama, H.
Fujita, A.
Matsubara, K.
Tsukinoki, Y.
Publication Title: 
Cranio: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

The variation of the tonic EMG elevator mandibular activity was studied as well as the consequent variation of the vertical dimension in two different experimental states: those of vigilance and hypnosis. In the state of vigilance, normal values of tonic EMG activity were recorded and a space of inocclusion (X = 2.22 mm) coincident with the postural mandibular position. Under hypnosis a significant reduction of the tonic EMG activity was observed (43 to 50%), together with a great increase of the inocclusion space (X = 8.90 mm).

Author(s): 
Manns, A.
Zuazola, R. V.
Sirhan, R. M.
Quiroz, M.
Rocabado, M.
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Hypnosis treatment in general practice is a rather new concept. This pilot study was performed to evaluate the effect of a standardized hypnosis treatment used in general practice for patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP). METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized control group-controlled study. Sixteen patients were randomized into a treatment group or a control group, each constituting eight patients. Seven patients in the treatment group completed the schedule.

Author(s): 
Grøndahl, Jan Robert
Rosvold, Elin Olaug
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, P. Miller) is used in aromatherapy as a holistic relaxant and is said to have carminative, antiflatulence and anticolic properties. Its sedative nature, on inhalation, has been shown both in animals and man. Lavender has a spasmolytic activity on guineapig ileum and rat uterus in vitro and it also decreases the tone in the skeletal muscle preparation of the phrenic nerve-diaphragm of rats. As the mechanism of action has not been studied previously, the spasmolytic activity was studied in vitro using a guinea-pig ileum smooth muscle preparation.

Author(s): 
Lis-Balchin, M.
Hart, S.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

Examination of 1326 children and adolescents revealed physiological asymmetry of neuro-orthopedic status in 57% of the subjects, functional scoliosis in 33%, and structural scoliosis in 4.5%. Only 5.5% of the examined children and adolescents did not show clinical and functional signs of spinal pathology. Treatment with mechanical vibrations (vibro-massage or "swing" therapy), pulsed extremely high frequency (EHF) waves and electrical current yielded good therapeutic effect in cases with idiopathic scoliosis.

Author(s): 
Miriutova, N. F.
Kirichuk, S. V.
Lipina, E. V.
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

Cardiac surgery presents a life-saving and life-enhancing opportunity to hundreds of thousands of patients each year in the United States. However, many patients face significant challenges during the postoperative period, including pain, anxiety, and tension. Mounting evidence demonstrates that such challenges can impair immune function and slow wound healing, in addition to causing suffering for the patient. Finding new approaches to mitigate these challenges is necessary if patients are to experience the full benefits of surgery.

Author(s): 
Wang, Amy T.
Sundt, Thoralf M.
Cutshall, Susanne M.
Bauer, Brent A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of traditional Thai massage (TTM) on pain intensity, pressure pain threshold (PPT), muscle tension and anxiety associated with scapulocostal syndrome (SCS). Twenty patients were randomly allocated to receive a 30-min session of either TTM or physical therapy modalities (PT: ultrasound therapy and hot pack) for 9 sessions over a period of 3 weeks.

Author(s): 
Buttagat, Vitsarut
Eungpinichpong, Wichai
Chatchawan, Uraiwon
Arayawichanon, Preeda

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