Music

Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Reducing waiting anxiety is an important objective of patient-centered care. Anxiety is linked to negative health outcomes, including longer recovery periods, lowered pain thresholds, and for children in particular, resistance to treatment, nightmares, and separation anxiety. The goals of this study were (1) to systematically review published research aimed at reducing preprocedural waiting anxiety, and (2) to provide directions for future research and development of strategies to manage preprocedural waiting anxiety in health care environments.

Author(s): 
Biddiss, Elaine
Knibbe, Tara Joy
McPherson, Amy
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Reducing waiting anxiety is an important objective of patient-centered care. Anxiety is linked to negative health outcomes, including longer recovery periods, lowered pain thresholds, and for children in particular, resistance to treatment, nightmares, and separation anxiety. The goals of this study were (1) to systematically review published research aimed at reducing preprocedural waiting anxiety, and (2) to provide directions for future research and development of strategies to manage preprocedural waiting anxiety in health care environments.

Author(s): 
Biddiss, Elaine
Knibbe, Tara Joy
McPherson, Amy
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

The relationship between romantic satisfaction versus discontent and a preference for music celebrating versus lamenting love is explored. The satisfaction/discontent was ascertained in 60 college undergraduate women and men who later freely listened to music from a sampling of selections. The duration of their self-determined exposure to love-celebrating versus love-lamenting music was unobtrusively recorded by computer software. Romantically satisfied women and men showed a preference for love-celebrating music, whereas discontented women and men preferred love-lamenting music.

Author(s): 
Knobloch, Silvia
Zillmann, Dolf
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

This study tested the effect of semantically induced thoughts of love on helping behavior. In a natural setting, 253 participants were interviewed and asked to retrieve the memory of a love episode or, in the control condition, a piece of music they loved. They then met another confederate who asked for money. Analysis showed that inducing the idea of love had a significant positive effect on compliance to a request by a male passerby who was asked for help by a female confederate, but not by a female passerby.

Author(s): 
Lamy, Lubomir
Fischer-Lokou, Jacques
GuÈguen, Nicolas
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality

Recent research (Vallerand et al., 2003) has supported the existence of two types of passion for activities: a harmonious and an obsessive passion. The purpose of this investigation was to study the processes likely to lead to the development of passion. Three studies using correlational and short-term longitudinal designs with varied populations ranging from beginners to experts reveal that identification with the activity, activity specialization, parents' activity valuation, and autonomy support predict the development of passion.

Author(s): 
Mageau, GeneviËve A.
Vallerand, Robert J.
Charest, Julie
Salvy, Sarah-Jeanne
Lacaille, Nathalie
Bouffard, ThÈrËse
Koestner, Richard
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: Early intervention significantly decreases the impact of bipolar disorder. However, there is little research investigating triggers that may be unique precipitants of manic/hypomanic episodes, and how these may differ from triggers specific to bipolar depression, in young adults with the disorder. METHODS: Individuals aged 18 to 30 years who had been diagnosed with bipolar disorder (n=198) completed an online survey to identify triggers unique to mania/hypomania and depression, as well as triggers which were common to both.

Author(s): 
Proudfoot, Judith
Whitton, Alexis
Parker, Gordon
Doran, Justin
Manicavasagar, Vijaya
Delmas, Kristy
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

Wagner's Tristan und Isolde holds a central position in Western music and culture. It is shown to demonstrate consequences of interruption of developmental processes involving the need for recognition of subjectivity, resulting in the collapse of this need into the wish for annihilation of self and other through 'love-death' [Liebestod]. A close reading of the musical language of the opera reveals how this interruption is demonstrated, and the consequent location of identity outside of language, particularly suitable for expression in music.

Author(s): 
Bergstein, Moshe
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

An extensive review of both quantitative and qualitative literature reveals numerous connections between mindfulness practice and psychological well-being. Dancing Mindfulness, as a holistic wellness practice, is a creative approach to mindfulness meditation that draws on dance as the vehicle for engaging in the ancient practice characterized by non-judgment, loving kindness, and present-centered awareness.

Author(s): 
Marich, Jamie
Howell, Terra
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychology

The significance of music-induced thrills or chills was explored in 3 experiments (N= 223). Specifically, the ability of antecedent (priming) stimuli in different modalities and aesthetic domains (national anthems, stories, architectural objects, paintings) to increase the participants' thrills responsiveness to music by Rachmaninoff and Haydn was examined. In addition, the differential effects of having or not having experienced thrills on the participants' subsequent willingness to donate blood, and on their mood and self-concept, were tested.

Author(s): 
Konecni, Vladimir J.
Wanic, Rebekah A.
Brown, Amber
Publication Title: 
Progress in Brain Research

Converging evidence from both human and animal studies has highlighted the pervasive role of two neuropeptides, oxytocin (OXT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), in mammalian social behaviours. Recent molecular genetic studies of the human arginine vasopressin 1a (AVPR1a) and oxytocin (OXTR) receptors have strengthened the evidence regarding the role of these two neuropeptides in a range of normal and pathological behaviours.

Author(s): 
Israel, Salomon
Lerer, Elad
Shalev, Idan
Uzefovsky, Florina
Reibold, Mathias
Bachner-Melman, Rachel
Granot, Roni
Bornstein, Gary
Knafo, Ariel
Yirmiya, Nurit
Ebstein, Richard P.

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