Music Therapy

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet

Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Prasertcharoensuk, Witoon
Thinkhamrop, Jadsada
Publication Title: 
Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health

The control of labor pain and prevention of suffering are major concerns of clinicians and their clients. Nonpharmacologic approaches toward these goals are consistent with midwifery management and the choices of many women. We undertook a literature search of scientific articles cataloged in CINAHL, PUBMED, the Cochrane Library, and AMED databases relating to the effectiveness of 13 non-pharmacologic methods used to relieve pain and reduce suffering in labor. Suffering, which is different from pain, is not an outcome that is usually measured after childbirth.

Author(s): 
Simkin, Penny
Bolding, April
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
Digestive Diseases and Sciences

In the United States sedation for colonoscopy is usual practice. Unsedated colonoscopy is limited to a small proportion of unescorted patients and those with a personal preference for no sedation. Over 80% of patients who accept the option of as-needed sedation can complete colonoscopy without sedation. Colonoscopy in these unsedated patients is performed with techniques similar to those used in the sedated patients. Uncontrolled observations indicate willingness to repeat colonoscopy amongst these patients was correlated significantly with low discomfort score during the examination.

Author(s): 
Leung, Felix W.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

Pain may cause physical and emotional distress in children experiencing medical procedures. Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies have become increasingly important in treating children's painful conditions, yet it is still unclear whether CAM has a place in acute pediatric pain analgesia. This review aims to present an overview of the available published evidence. Most research has examined the efficacy of hypnosis, which has emerged as useful in alleviating acute pain associated with a number of medical procedures.

Author(s): 
Evans, Subhadra
Tsao, Jennie C. I.
Zeltzer, Lonnie K.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Induction of general anaesthesia can be distressing for children. Non-pharmacological methods for reducing anxiety and improving co-operation may avoid the adverse effects of preoperative sedation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions in assisting induction of anaesthesia in children by reducing their anxiety, distress or increasing their co-operation. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2009, Issue 1).

Author(s): 
Yip, Peggy
Middleton, Philippa
Cyna, Allan M.
Carlyle, Alison V.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

A prospective, comparative study of a novel audio pillow with hypnosis text and relaxation music was conducted in 82 dental-implant surgery patients to relieve anxiety over a 6-month period. Visual analogue scales combined with the Aachen Dental Treatment Fear Inventory (AZI) questionnaire were used to quantify patients' subjective feelings of fear. Blood pressure, heart rate, and capillary oxygen partial pressure were measured before, during, and after surgery.

Author(s): 
Eitner, Stephan
Sokol, Biljana
Wichmann, Manfred
Bauer, Julia
Engels, David
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata

Sound vibrations are viewed to play an important role in embryonic development. Before the cochlea evolves, the haptic and mechanic skin-receptors detect the amniotic fluid's pressure-waves produced by sounds in uterus. Touching and hearing are seen as primordial and the most relevant stimuli both of mother-fetus attunement and development of fetal nervous system. Man is attuned to environmental stimuli, mainly to human speaking since the embryonic period. Attunement is secured by energy zones (chakras) circling around body. It is considered to be base of our music capacity.

Author(s): 
Vas, József Pál
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata

Effects both of hypnotherapy and music therapy are originated from an attunement as supposed by the author. Either to a hypnotherapist's suggestions or to a piece of music one is able to be tuned in them. On one hand, the hypnotherapist's prosody, which can be called as melodic declamation seen as a musical phenomenon transmitting emotions. On the other hand, music has got emotional and visceral impacts. As a meeting points of these two methods four possibilities are shown by the author: 1. musical analogies of vitality affects ; 2. paternal and maternal archetypes in music; 3.

Author(s): 
Vas, P. József

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