Mustard Plant

Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurophysiology

In the appendicular skeleton, substantial evidence demonstrates that somatosensory input from deep tissues including limb muscles and joints elicits somatosympathetic reflexes. Much less is known about the presence and organization of these reflexes from the axial skeleton. We determined if mechanical loading of the lumbar spine and lumbar paraspinal muscle irritation reflexively affects postganglionic sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) to the spleen and kidney.

Author(s): 
Kang, Y. M.
Kenney, M. J.
Spratt, K. F.
Pickar, J. G.
Publication Title: 
Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992)

Topical therapy to enhance skin barrier function may be a simple, low-cost, effective strategy to improve outcome of preterm infants with a developmentally compromised epidermal barrier, as lipid constituents of topical products may act as a mechanical barrier and augment synthesis of barrier lipids. Natural oils are applied topically as part of a traditional oil massage to neonates in many developing countries. We sought to identify inexpensive, safe, vegetable oils available in developing countries that improved epidermal barrier function.

Author(s): 
Darmstadt, G. L.
Mao-Qiang, M.
Chi, E.
Saha, S. K.
Ziboh, V. A.
Black, R. E.
Santosham, M.
Elias, P. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition

Oil massage of newborns has been practised for generations in the Indian sub-continent; however, oils may vary from potentially beneficial, e.g. sunflower seed oil, to potentially toxic, e.g. mustard oil. The study was carried out to gain insights into oil-massage practices and acceptability of skin barrier-enhancing emollients in young, preterm Bangladeshi neonates. Preterm infants of <33 weeks gestational age were randomized to high-linoleate sunflower seed oil, Aquaphor Original Emollient Ointment, or the comparison group (usual care).

Author(s): 
Ahmed, A. S. M. Nawshad Uddin
Saha, Samir K.
Chowdhury, M. A. K. Azad
Law, Paul A.
Black, Robert E.
Santosham, Mathuram
Darmstadt, Gary L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

Mustard oil massage of newborns is an integral component of traditional care practices in many communities. Recent evidence suggests that this practice may have detrimental effects, particularly for preterm infants or for those whose skin barrier function is otherwise sub-optimal. Other natural oils such as sunflower, sesame or safflower seed oil may have a beneficial impact on newborn health and survival. Little is known, however, about cultural and other factors related to the acceptance and uptake of alternative, more beneficial oils for massage of the newborn.

Author(s): 
Mullany, Luke C.
Darmstadt, Gary L.
Khatry, Subarna K.
Tielsch, James M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurophysiology

In the appendicular skeleton, substantial evidence demonstrates that somatosensory input from deep tissues including limb muscles and joints elicits somatosympathetic reflexes. Much less is known about the presence and organization of these reflexes from the axial skeleton. We determined if mechanical loading of the lumbar spine and lumbar paraspinal muscle irritation reflexively affects postganglionic sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) to the spleen and kidney.

Author(s): 
Kang, Y. M.
Kenney, M. J.
Spratt, K. F.
Pickar, J. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurophysiology

In the appendicular skeleton, substantial evidence demonstrates that somatosensory input from deep tissues including limb muscles and joints elicits somatosympathetic reflexes. Much less is known about the presence and organization of these reflexes from the axial skeleton. We determined if mechanical loading of the lumbar spine and lumbar paraspinal muscle irritation reflexively affects postganglionic sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) to the spleen and kidney.

Author(s): 
Kang, Y. M.
Kenney, M. J.
Spratt, K. F.
Pickar, J. G.
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