Myocardial Ischemia

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Perhaps one of the most unexpected and novel findings in nutritional epidemiology in the past 5 y has been that nut consumption seems to protect against ischemic heart disease (IHD). Frequency and quantity of nut consumption have been documented to be higher in vegetarian than in nonvegetarian populations. Nuts also constitute an important part of other plant-based diets, such as Mediterranean and Asian diets.

Author(s): 
SabatÈ, J.
Publication Title: 
Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders

Several experimental studies and some clinical experience have shown that metabolic syndrome and caloric restriction exert opposite effects on thrombosis, because these two nourishing conditions are at extreme ends of the same spectrum. The antithrombotic action induced by caloric restriction happens through Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a gene/protein activated by the reduction of calorie intake lower than is typical. The antithrombotic effect is due to the activation of SIRT1 acting through an increase of insulin sensitivity, which reduces endothelial dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Cacciapuoti, Federico
Publication Title: 
Klinicheskaia Meditsina

Of 103 patients with acute coronary syndrome (mean age 51.6 +/- 0.9 years) 47 patients participated in 5 group psychotherapeutic sessions added to conversional rehabilitation program. Psychotherapy included progressive muscular relaxation, neurolinguistic programming, eriksonian hypnosis, therapeutic metaphora. Psychotherapy decreased the hear rate, number of ventricular extrasystoles, stimulated tonicity of the parasympathetic nervous system.

Author(s): 
Sumin, A. N.
Kha?redinova, O. P.
Sumina, L. Iu
Variushkina, E. V.
Doronin, D. V.
Galimzianov, D. M.
Masin, A. N.
Gol'dberg, G. A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Cardiology

Forty-six patients were randomized to receive drug (group 1) or hypnotic sedation (group 2) during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Intracoronary and standard electrocardiograms were continuously registered, and heart rate spectral variability was studied. Normalized units of low- and high-frequency components and the ratio of low to high frequency were measured during balloon inflations.

Author(s): 
Baglini, Roberto
Sesana, Marco
Capuano, Cinzia
Gnecchi-Ruscone, Tomaso
Ugo, Limbruno
Danzi, Gian Battista
Publication Title: 
Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic

Several botanicals, including Crataegus oxycantha, Terminalia arjuna, Inula racemosa, and Astragalus membranaceus, have been found to have therapeutic benefit for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Crataegus oxycantha has been used traditionally as a cardiac tonic and current uses include treatment for angina, hypertension, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Animal studies have also indicated that Crataegus extracts may also have potential use as anti-ischemic and lipid-lowering agents.

Author(s): 
Miller, A. L.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic

Several botanicals, including Crataegus oxycantha, Terminalia arjuna, Inula racemosa, and Astragalus membranaceus, have been found to have therapeutic benefit for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Crataegus oxycantha has been used traditionally as a cardiac tonic and current uses include treatment for angina, hypertension, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Animal studies have also indicated that Crataegus extracts may also have potential use as anti-ischemic and lipid-lowering agents.

Author(s): 
Miller, A. L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India

OBJECTIVES: Yoga based lifestyle modifications have been earlier shown to be beneficial in coronary artery disease in a small number of patients. We evaluated the role of lifestyle modification based on Yoga techniques, stress management and dietary modifications in retardation of coronary artery disease. METHODS: This prospective, controlled, open trial included angiographically proven coronary artery disease patients (71 patients in study group and 42 patients in control group).

Author(s): 
Yogendra, J.
Yogendra, Hansaji J.
Ambardekar, S.
Lele, R. D.
Shetty, S.
Dave, M.
Husein, Naaznin
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation: Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology

This review studies the efficacy of yoga in the primary and secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease and post-myocardial infarction patient rehabilitation. Yoga is an unconventional form of physical exercise that has been practised over a long period of time in the Indian sub-continent. It has gained immense popularity as a form of recreational activity all over the world. Its possible contributions to healthy living have been studied and many interesting revelations have been made.

Author(s): 
Jayasinghe, Satyajit R.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Flavonoids within Scutellaria baicalensis may be potent antioxidants on the basis of our studies of S. baicalensis extract. To further this work, we studied the antioxidative effects of baicalein, a flavonoid component of S. baicalensis, in a chick cardiomyocyte model of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation during hypoxia, simulated ischemia-reperfusion, or mitochondrial complex III inhibition with antimycin A. Oxidant stress was measured by oxidation of the intracellular probes 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate and dihydroethidium.

Author(s): 
Shao, Zuo-Hui
Vanden Hoek, Terry L.
Qin, Yimin
Becker, Lance B.
Schumacker, Paul T.
Li, Chang-Qing
Dey, Lucy
Barth, Eugene
Halpern, Howard
Rosen, Gerald M.
Yuan, Chun-Su
Publication Title: 
Cardiovascular Research

OBJECTIVE: Immune and inflammatory signaling pathways, initiated by the innate response, are involved in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Toll-like receptor (TLR) mediated MyD88-dependent NFkappaB pathways play a role in the induction of innate immunity. We have reported that glucan phosphate (GP) improved survival in experimental sepsis, which correlated with decreased tissue NFkappaB activation. In the present study, we report that GP rapidly induced cardioprotection against I/R injury in vivo.

Author(s): 
Li, Chuanfu
Ha, Tuanzhu
Kelley, Jim
Gao, Xiang
Qiu, Yufeng
Kao, Race L.
Browder, William
Williams, David L.

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