Myopia

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Myopia (near-sightedness or short-sightedness) is one of the three commonly detected refractive (focusing) errors. Acupuncture is the stimulation of acupuncture points by various methods including needle insertion and acupressure. It is often used by traditional Chinese medicine practitioners to treat myopia in children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in slowing the progression of myopia in children and adolescents.

Author(s): 
Wei, Mao Ling
Liu, Jian Ping
Li, Ni
Liu, Ming
Publication Title: 
Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry

This article, an edited version of the 2014 Charles F. Prentice Medal presentation, recounts my 50-year journey in research, from graduation in 1965 to PhD to 2015. The most important lessons I have learned are that great people, "Giants" as I call them, are generous of spirit, creative, insightful, sharing, and caring, and second, that collaboration is really the only way to do what I want to get done. I have been very fortunate to have worked with many outstanding people.

Author(s): 
Holden, Brien A.
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Nervous System
Author(s): 
Lecron, L. M.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Bulletin
Author(s): 
Barber, T. X.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Optometric Association
Author(s): 
Copeland, V. L.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Some reports claim that positive suggestion (e.g., using hypnosis) can significantly improve visual acuity (e.g., in myopes). Based on behavioral, neurocognitive, and ophthalmological findings, the authors provide a critical account to review and challenge some of these data. While acknowledging the relative merits of hypnosis for investigating visual phenomena, an array of arguments converges to propose caveats to the apparent influence suggestion can exert on visual acuity.

Author(s): 
Raz, Amir
Marinoff, Gerald P.
Zephrani, Zohar R.
Schweizer, Heather R.
Posner, Michael I.
Publication Title: 
Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry

Psychological approaches to improving vision present an enticing alternative to invasive procedures and corrective lenses; hypnotic suggestion is one such technique. During the past 60 years, multiple studies have documented improvements in the vision of myopic individuals after hypnotic interventions. Given the increasing interest in behavioral and alternative approaches, we have reviewed the pertinent studies to evaluate their validity.

Author(s): 
Raz, Amir
Zephrani, Zohar R.
Schweizer, Heather R.
Marinoff, Gerald P.
Publication Title: 
Ophthalmic Surgery

Fifty-three cataract extractions in eyes with pathological myopia effected visual improvement in 47 eyes (89%). The median visual acuity increased from a preoperative level of 20/300 to 20/40 postoperatively. The incidence in this series of vitreous loss (1.9%) and retinal detachment (1.9%), are within the expected range of such complications. Four cases developed aphakic glaucoma which has necessitated continued therapy. All four had both enzyme zonulolysis and topical steroids, postoperatively.

Author(s): 
Curtin, B. J.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Oftalmologii

Eye diseases rank third in the structure of morbidity among children aged 0 to 17 years. Acquired myopathy is the leading abnormality in the structure of morbidity, with diminished vision being in 28% of preschool children and in every two school graduates. Myopia is attended by the signs of systemic connective tissue dysplasia and impaired circulation due to autonomic dysfunction. Early diagnosis and correction of autonomic dysfunction is the basic line of the prevention and treatment of school myopia. Treatment of children can be organized in the medical room of a school.

Author(s): 
Volkova, L. P.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Oftalmologii

The paper describes the methods and results of multimodality treatment for progressive myopia in children and adolescents, by applying acupuncture, massage, and manual therapy. Thirty-three patients aged 7 to 17 years who had progressive myopia of 0.5 to 10.8 diopters were treated by an original procedure as repeated courses. Their follow-up lasted 2 years. A beneficial therapeutic effect as increases in uncorrected and subcorrected visual acuity, ocular accommodation reserves, and myopia regression rates was observed in 64% of the patients.

Author(s): 
Neroev, V. V.
Chuvilina, M. V.
Tarutta, E. P.
Ivanov, A. N.

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