Nasal Cavity

Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

There is increasing interest in the fact that breathing exclusively through one nostril may alter the autonomic functions. The present study aimed at checking whether such changes actually do occur, and whether breathing is consciously regulated. 48 male subjects, with ages ranging from 25 to 48 years were randomly assigned to different groups. Each group was asked to practice one out of three pranayamas (viz. right nostril breathing, left nostril breathing or alternate nostril breathing). These practices were carried out as 27 respiratory cycles, repeated 4 times a day for one month.

Author(s): 
Telles, S.
Nagarathna, R.
Nagendra, H. R.
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: Previously alternate nostril yoga breathing (anuloma-viloma pranayama) was shown to reduce the blood pressure (BP) in people with hypertension. An elevated BP has been associated with poor performance in certain tasks requiring attention and co-ordination. The Purdue pegboard task assesses manual dexterity and eye-hand co-ordination. MATERIAL/METHODS: In the present study there were ninety participants with essential hypertension. Their ages ranged from 20 to 59 years (group average age ±S.D., 49.7±9.5 years; sixty males).

Author(s): 
Telles, Shirley
Yadav, Arti
Kumar, Nilima
Sharma, Sachin
Visweshwaraiah, Naveen K.
Balkrishna, Acharya
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: Previously alternate nostril yoga breathing (anuloma-viloma pranayama) was shown to reduce the blood pressure (BP) in people with hypertension. An elevated BP has been associated with poor performance in certain tasks requiring attention and co-ordination. The Purdue pegboard task assesses manual dexterity and eye-hand co-ordination. MATERIAL/METHODS: In the present study there were ninety participants with essential hypertension. Their ages ranged from 20 to 59 years (group average age ±S.D., 49.7±9.5 years; sixty males).

Author(s): 
Telles, Shirley
Yadav, Arti
Kumar, Nilima
Sharma, Sachin
Visweshwaraiah, Naveen K.
Balkrishna, Acharya
Publication Title: 
MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

On November 21, 2012, the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) Department of Health documented the first case and death from primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) in the territory. PAM, a rare and almost universally fatal condition, results when Naegleria fowleri, a free-living thermophilic ameba found in warm freshwater, enters the nose and migrates to the brain.

Author(s): 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Publication Title: 
WMJ: official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin

BACKGROUND: Rhinosinusitis is a common, expensive disorder with a significant impact on patients' quality of life. Chronic sinus symptoms are associated with allergic rhinitis, asthma, and nasal polyposis. Saline nasal irrigation is an adjunctive therapy for rhinosinusitis and sinus symptoms. Prior studies suggest that hypertonic saline nasal irrigation (HSNI) may be effective for symptoms associated with allergy, asthma, and nasal polyposis.

Author(s): 
Rabago, David
Guerard, Emily
Bukstein, Don
Publication Title: 
Toxicologic Pathology

Compared to healthy subjects, individuals with allergic airway disease (e.g., asthma, allergic rhinitis) have enhanced inflammatory responses to inhaled ozone. We created a rodent model of ozone-enhanced allergic nasal responses in Brown Norway rats to test the therapeutic effects of the dietary supplement gamma-tocopherol (gammaT). Ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized rats were intranasally challenged with 0% or 0.5% OVA (in saline) on Days 1 and 2, and then exposed to 0 or 1 ppm ozone (eight hours/day) on Days 4 and 5.

Author(s): 
Wagner, James G.
Harkema, Jack R.
Jiang, Qing
Illek, Beate
Ames, Bruce N.
Peden, David B.
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Saline nasal irrigation is an adjunctive therapy for upper respiratory conditions that bathes the nasal cavity with spray or liquid saline. Nasal irrigation with liquid saline is used to manage symptoms associated with chronic rhinosinusitis. Less conclusive evidence supports the use of spray and liquid saline nasal irrigation to manage symptoms of mild to moderate allergic rhinitis and acute upper respiratory tract infections. Consensus guidelines recommend saline nasal irrigation as a treatment for a variety of other conditions, including rhinitis of pregnancy and acute rhinosinusitis.

Author(s): 
Rabago, David
Zgierska, Aleksandra
Publication Title: 
Toxicologic Pathology

Compared to healthy subjects, individuals with allergic airway disease (e.g., asthma, allergic rhinitis) have enhanced inflammatory responses to inhaled ozone. We created a rodent model of ozone-enhanced allergic nasal responses in Brown Norway rats to test the therapeutic effects of the dietary supplement gamma-tocopherol (gammaT). Ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized rats were intranasally challenged with 0% or 0.5% OVA (in saline) on Days 1 and 2, and then exposed to 0 or 1 ppm ozone (eight hours/day) on Days 4 and 5.

Author(s): 
Wagner, James G.
Harkema, Jack R.
Jiang, Qing
Illek, Beate
Ames, Bruce N.
Peden, David B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of nasal specific technique in conjunction with other chiropractic interventions in managing chronic head pain. CLINIC FEATURES: A 41-yr-old woman was treated for chronic sinusitis and sinus headaches. She had suffered weight loss and pain over a 2-month period. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Chiropractic manipulation and soft tissue manipulation administered 2-6 times per month for approximately 1 yr had minimal long-term effect on the patient's head pain.

Author(s): 
Folweiler, D. S.
Lynch, O. T.
Publication Title: 
Headache

OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the peripheral inflammatory changes of the trigeminovascular system by measuring the inflammatory mediators leukotriene B4 (LTB(4)), prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)), and thromboxane B2 (TXB(2)) in the nasal fluid, as well as saliva, of patients with migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine has been hypothesized to be as a result of changes in the peripheral or central nervous system or both. It is still unclear whether peripheral changes in the trigeminovascular system are involved in the pathogenesis of migraine.

Author(s): 
Mohammadian, P.
Hummel, T.
Arora, C.
Carpenter, T.

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