Nature

Publication Title: 
Bioethics

In Life's Dominion Dworkin aims at defusing the controversy about abortion and euthanasia by redefining its terms. Basically it is not a dispute about the right to life, but about its value. Liberals should grant that human life has not only a personal, but also an intrinsic value; conservatives should accept the principle of toleration which requires to let people decide for themselves about matters of intrinsic value.

Author(s): 
Den Hartogh, Govert
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

This paper develops an integration of psychoanalytic and wisdom tradition concepts to answer the question as to why nature does not turn off neurosis, The proposed answer is that nature wants a person to exploit the neurosis for two gains, one being the increase in adaptive capacity resulting from releasing it and the second involving the difficulty in the release itself, the latter related to gains proffered by the world's wisdom traditions.

Author(s): 
Badalamenti, Anthony F.
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

Four studies examined the effects of nature on valuing intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations. Intrinsic aspirations reflected prosocial and other-focused value orientations, and extrinsic aspirations predicted self-focused value orientations. Participants immersed in natural environments reported higher valuing of intrinsic aspirations and lower valuing of extrinsic aspirations, whereas those immersed in non-natural environments reported increased valuing of extrinsic aspirations and no change of intrinsic aspirations.

Author(s): 
Weinstein, Netta
Przybylski, Andrew K.
Ryan, Richard M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Physiological Anthropology

Famed microbiologist RenÈ J. Dubos (1901-1982) was an early pioneer in the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) construct. In the 1960s, he conducted groundbreaking experimental research concerning the ways in which early-life experience with nutrition, microbiota, stress, and other environmental variables could influence later-life health outcomes.

Author(s): 
Logan, Alan C.
Katzman, Martin A.
Balanz·-MartÌnez, Vicent
Publication Title: 
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki I Techniki: Kwartal'ny? Zhurnal Istorii Nauki I Tekhniki -

In the period between 1797 and 1848, German medicine was considerably influenced by philosophy. It absorbed ideas deriving from neo-Platonism and vitalism, as well as the modern philosophy of nature (Naturphilosophie), especially the ideas of Schelling. The article presents the main tendencies in the German medicine of that period: the distinct character of German medical thought as compared to the rest of Europe, the deductive character of medical theories, the grounding of medical thought in non-materialist philosophy and its close ties with the Protestant religion.

Author(s): 
P?onka-Syroka, B.
Publication Title: 
Physics of Life Reviews

The constructal law accounts for the universal phenomenon of generation and evolution of design (configuration, shape, structure, pattern, rhythm). This phenomenon is observed across the board, in animate, inanimate and human systems. The constructal law states the time direction of the evolutionary design phenomenon. It defines the concept of design evolution in physics. Along with the first and second law, the constructal law elevates thermodynamics to a science of systems with configuration.

Author(s): 
Bejan, Adrian
Lorente, Sylvie
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncological care, including spiritual care, is essential for cancer patients. Integrated medicine, a therapy combining modern western medicine with various kinds of complementary and alternative medicine, can be appropriate for the spiritual care of cancer because of the multidimensional characteristics of the spirituality. In particular, therapies that enable patients to establish a deeper contact with nature, inspire feelings of life and growth of plants, and involve meditation may be useful for spiritual care as well as related aspects such as emotion.

Author(s): 
Nakau, Maiko
Imanishi, Jiro
Imanishi, Junichi
Watanabe, Satoko
Imanishi, Ayumi
Baba, Takeshi
Hirai, Kei
Ito, Toshinori
Chiba, Wataru
Morimoto, Yukihiro
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMAB) is painful when performed with only local anesthetic. Our objective was to determine whether viewing nature scenes and listening to nature sounds can reduce pain during BMAB. DESIGN: This was a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Adult patients undergoing outpatient BMAB with only local anesthetic were assigned to use either a nature scene with accompanying nature sounds, city scene with city sounds, or standard care. The primary outcome was a visual analog scale (0-10) of pain.

Author(s): 
Lechtzin, Noah
Busse, Anne M.
Smith, Michael T.
Grossman, Stuart
Nesbit, Suzanne
Diette, Gregory B.
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncological care, including spiritual care, is essential for cancer patients. Integrated medicine, a therapy combining modern western medicine with various kinds of complementary and alternative medicine, can be appropriate for the spiritual care of cancer because of the multidimensional characteristics of the spirituality. In particular, therapies that enable patients to establish a deeper contact with nature, inspire feelings of life and growth of plants, and involve meditation may be useful for spiritual care as well as related aspects such as emotion.

Author(s): 
Nakau, Maiko
Imanishi, Jiro
Imanishi, Junichi
Watanabe, Satoko
Imanishi, Ayumi
Baba, Takeshi
Hirai, Kei
Ito, Toshinori
Chiba, Wataru
Morimoto, Yukihiro
Publication Title: 
Journal of Biosciences

The Yōga-Vāsistha is a rich and complex philosophical 'poem' (kāvya) of epic length, written in classical Sanskrit by an unknown author some time between the 6th and 13th centuries CE, probably around the 7th century. It is notable for its eloquent praise of self-effort and enquiry or analysis, and for its severe disparagement of the notion of fate.

Author(s): 
Narasimha, Roddam

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