Neck Muscles

Publication Title: 
Experimental Brain Research

Neck muscle vibration (NMV) during upright standing is known to induce forward leaning, which has been explained as a global response to the (illusory) perception of a lengthening of the dorsal neck muscles. However, the effects of NMV both at the level of individual joints and on whole-body postural coordination, and its potential modulation by vision, have not yet been analyzed in detail. Eight healthy young adult participants completed a total of ten trials each, with a 10-s period of unperturbed standing followed by a 10-s period of NMV.

Author(s): 
Verrel, Julius
Cuisinier, RÈmy
Lindenberger, Ulman
Vuillerme, Nicolas
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Functional neck/shoulder stiffness is one of the most well-known indications for acupuncture treatment in Japan. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for functional neck/shoulder stiffness. Research using two different placebos may allow an efficient method to tease apart the components of real acupuncture from various kinds of 'non-specific' effects such as ritual with touch or ritual alone.

Author(s): 
Takakura, Nobuari
Takayama, Miho
Kawase, Akiko
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Kong, Jian
Yajima, Hiroyoshi
Publication Title: 
Otolaryngologia Polska. The Polish Otolaryngology

After total laryngectomy and after complete treatment (radiotherapy) there are many functional disorders in the range of head and neck. These decrease muscle strength and flexibility of muscles of cervical spine. This causes disorders of physiological range of motions of this area. The introduction of the stretching techniques (postisometric relaxation) to the physiotherapy program allows to decrease negative effects of treatment, mentioned above. The therapy of main cervical muscles was carried out during a two week rehabilitation camp.

Author(s): 
Marszałek, Sławomir
Golusinski, Wojciech
Dworak, Lechosław B.
Publication Title: 
World Journal of Orthodontics

AIM: The treatment of an adult patient with a skeletal Class II Division 1 malocclusion, retrognathic mandible with downward and backward rotation, anterior open bite, and temporomandibular disorders is presented. Treatment objectives included establishing a stable occlusion with normal respiration, eliminating temporomandibular disorder symptoms, and improving facial esthetics through nonextraction and nonsurgical treatment. SUBJECT AND METHODS: The patient was a Japanese adult female, who had previously been advised to have orthognathic surgery.

Author(s): 
Kondo, Etsuko
Publication Title: 
Acta Neurochirurgica

Motor tics of the head and neck, especially hemifacial spasm and spastic torticollis, are the substance of this paper. Forty-six cases are presented, and surgical techniques are described. In hemifacial spasm the intracranial neurovascular lysis of Jannetta is a valid operation with the best results to date but has a 7 1/2% risk of unilateral deafness. The extracranial submastoid partial section of Scoville is completely safe and gives excellent results, but there is a probability of mild to moderate return of the spasm in one to two year's time.

Author(s): 
Scoville, W. B.
Bettis, D. B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Pathways for visual (sensory) information into the CNS are explained. The hypothesized areas where this sensory information begins to initiate the motor program include the periarcuate area, superior colliculus, and the areas of the motor program such as the Cortex, superior colliculus and reticular formation, along with the control exerted on the systems via the cerebellum and vestibular nuclei. The information demonstrates that the co-ordinated movements of eye-head-neck towards a goal, involves a number of parallel independently active neural centres which initiate the movements.

Author(s): 
Fitz-Ritson, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

This study examines the effects of chiropractic adjustment on the muscles of the back. Vertebrae that are hypomobile may be held in that state by the erector spinae muscle group; adjusting such vertebrae should result in less muscle tension. By measuring the change in electrical activity, such relaxation can be observed. Hypomobile vertebrae were found by motion palpation. The patient was then placed prone and surface electrodes were placed over the upper trapezius, upper erector spinae (T3-T5), and lumbar erector spinae (L1-L3) muscle groups on both sides of the body.

Author(s): 
Shambaugh, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of a spinal (suboccipital) stretching technique and a peripheral stretching technique. DESIGN: Clinical cohort study. SETTING: Macquarie University Centre for Chiropractic Outpatient Clinic. METHOD: A reliable hand-held dynamometer was used to determine the end point of range of motion (ROM) before and after the application of a treatment. Three groups of subjects were treated: cervical stretch, hip stretch and sham/placebo. ROM of the hip in flexion (straight leg raise) was used as the independent variable.

Author(s): 
Pollard, H.
Ward, G.
Publication Title: 
Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie Und Ihre Grenzgebiete

OBJECTIVE: Chiropractic techniques are of particular importance for the examination of the cervical spine. The aim of this study was to assess interexaminer reliability of examination techniques of the cervical spine in subjects with and without musculoskeletal distortions of the neck. The interrater method was used with five independent examiners. METHOD: Twenty patients suffering from neck diseases and 20 asymptomatic subjects of similar age and gender were randomized and assessed by five examiners blind to patient histories.

Author(s): 
Schöps, P.
Pfingsten, M.
Siebert, U.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there was a basis for the treatment of temporomandibular disease (TMD) using the chiropractic protocol developed by Activator Methods, International. SETTING: Private, solo practice of an Activator advanced proficiency rated chiropractor with 15 years experience. DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Nine adult volunteers with articular TMD recruited from the practice of the treating clinician.

Author(s): 
DeVocht, James W.
Long, Cynthia R.
Zeitler, Deborah L.
Schaeffer, Walter

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