Needs Assessment

Publication Title: 
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne

BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord blood is used as a source of hematopoietic stem cells for bone marrow transplantation in the treatment of malignant and nonmalignant disease. We sought to examine pregnant women's knowledge and attitudes regarding cord blood banking, as their support is crucial to the success of cord blood transplant programs. METHODS: A questionnaire examining sociodemographic factors and women's attitudes to cord blood banking was developed on the basis of findings from 2 focus groups and a pilot study.

Author(s): 
Fernandez, Conrad V.
Gordon, Kevin
Van den Hof, Michiel
Taweel, Shaureen
Baylis, FranÁoise
Publication Title: 
Palliative Medicine

The delivery of spiritual and religious care has received a high profile in national reports, guidelines and standards since the start of the millennium, yet there is, to date, no recognized definition of spirituality or spiritual care nor a validated assessment tool. This article suggests an alternative to the search for a definition and assessment tool, and seeks to set spiritual care in a practical context by offering a model for spiritual assessment and care based on the individual competence of all healthcare professionals to deliver spiritual and religious care.

Author(s): 
Gordon, Tom
Mitchell, David
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

The use of complementary therapies in combination with conventional medicine is increasing. In cancer care, as at the Cavendish Centre for Cancer Care in Sheffield, the range of therapies offered can include aromatherapy, massage, reflexology, shiatsu, acupuncture, homeopathy, counselling, visualization, hypnotherapy, relaxation, healing and art therapy. Before offering any therapy careful assessment of patients' needs is important as patients seeking complementary therapies may present with unrealistic hopes and expectations of benefit.

Author(s): 
Peace, G.
Manasse, A.
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal

BACKGROUND: With regard to the management of dental anxiety in general dental practice, it has been considered that general dental practitioners (GDPs) are well placed to treat adults with mild forms of dental anxiety. However, little is known about the specific anxiety management techniques being used by GDPs in the UK. Aim To determine the views and experiences of dental practitioners in their current use of anxiety management techniques, their undergraduate and post-graduation training in these techniques and future training needs.

Author(s): 
Hill, K. B.
Hainsworth, J. M.
Burke, F. J. T.
Fairbrother, K. J.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America

By definition, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) attempts to diagnose and treat illnesses in unconventional ways.

Author(s): 
Staud, Roland
Publication Title: 
Palliative Medicine

Palliative day care has expanded rapidly in the recent years, but the types of care available vary. To understand more about the different models of day care we conducted a questionnaire survey of the 43-day care centres in North and South Thames Regions in England (total population 13.75 million). The questionnaire covered: management, staffing and organizational policies; the numbers, types and reasons for referral; and the services and care provided. Forty (93%) centres responded. Centres had operated for between 1 and 16 years, mean 8 years.

Author(s): 
Higginson, I. J.
Hearn, J.
Myers, K.
Naysmith, A.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

The use of complementary therapies in combination with conventional medicine is increasing. In cancer care, as at the Cavendish Centre for Cancer Care in Sheffield, the range of therapies offered can include aromatherapy, massage, reflexology, shiatsu, acupuncture, homeopathy, counselling, visualization, hypnotherapy, relaxation, healing and art therapy. Before offering any therapy careful assessment of patients' needs is important as patients seeking complementary therapies may present with unrealistic hopes and expectations of benefit.

Author(s): 
Peace, G.
Manasse, A.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

This paper reports the results of the audit of a maternity aromatherapy service at a small Midlands maternity unit. The service was introduced in May 2000 and the principal aims of the audit, conducted in October 2002 were to investigate clinical effectiveness, maternal satisfaction and staff training needs. The service has been shown to be effective in normalising childbirth and increasing satisfaction of mothers in respect of their labour experiences. A concurrent audit of staff demonstrated interest and enthusiasm of the service and identified areas for further development.

Author(s): 
Mousley, Susan
Publication Title: 
International psychogeriatrics / IPA

OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of selected experimental studies of psychosocial treatments of behavioral disturbances in dementia. Psychosocial treatments are defined here as strategies derived from one of three psychologically oriented paradigms (learning theory, unmet needs and altered stress thresholds). METHOD: English language reports published or in press by December 2006 were identified by means of database searches, checks of previous reviews and contact with recognized experts.

Author(s): 
O'Connor, Daniel W.
Ames, David
Gardner, Betina
King, Madeleine
Publication Title: 
Health Care for Women International

In this ethnographic study, I examine personal, kinship, and social obligations and the role of women in the traditional Thai family. Under what circumstances do women take on the responsibility to care or not care, and how do they cope with the disease and care when they are also infected? Fifteen women who were afflicted or affected by HIV/AIDS participated in in-depth interviews and participant observations. Analysis employed mainly qualitative methods following Spradley.

Author(s): 
Songwathana, P.

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