Neoplasms

Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

PURPOSE: To review the available literature on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments for cancer-related fatigue with an aim to develop directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and SPORTDiscus were searched for relevant studies. Original clinical trials reporting on the use of CAM treatments for cancer-related fatigue were abstracted and critically reviewed.

Author(s): 
Sood, Amit
Barton, Debra L.
Bauer, Brent A.
Loprinzi, Charles L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Adverse effects of chemotherapy can be severe and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. With chemotherapy treatment increasingly administered in the ambulatory setting, there is a need for patients to be informed about effective self-care strategies to manage treatment adverse effects. Advice for patients needs to be based on evidence.

Author(s): 
Lotfi-Jam, Kerryann
Carey, Mariko
Jefford, Michael
Schofield, Penelope
Charleson, Catherine
Aranda, Sanchia
Publication Title: 
The Clinical Journal of Pain

This paper reviews the evidence for mind-body therapies (eg, relaxation, meditation, imagery, cognitive-behavioral therapy) in the treatment of pain-related medical conditions and suggests directions for future research in these areas.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence during the past several decades suggests that psychosocial factors can directly influence both physiologic function and health outcomes, medicine had failed to move beyond the biomedical model, in part because of lack of exposure to the evidence base supporting the biopsychosocial model. The literature was reviewed to examine the efficacy of representative psychosocial-mind-body interventions, including relaxation, (cognitive) behavioral therapies, meditation, imagery, biofeedback, and hypnosis for several common clinical conditions.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Shapiro, Shauna L.
Eisenberg, David M.
Forys, Kelly L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Despite widespread popular use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, a rigorous evidence base about their efficacy for cancer-related pain is lacking. This is a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating CAM therapies for cancer-related pain. METHODS: RCTs using CAM interventions for cancer-related pain were abstracted using Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, and Cochrane database. RESULTS: Eighteen trials were identified (eight poor, three intermediate, and seven high quality based on Jadad score), with a total of 1,499 patients.

Author(s): 
Bardia, Aditya
Barton, Debra L.
Prokop, Larry J.
Bauer, Brent A.
Moynihan, Timothy J.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Cancer Care

To systematically review the research evidence on the effectiveness of hypnosis for cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). A comprehensive search of major biomedical databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClNAHL, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library was conducted. Specialist complementary and alternative medicine databases were searched and efforts were made to identify unpublished and ongoing research. Citations were included from the databases' inception to March 2005. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were appraised and meta-analysis undertaken.

Author(s): 
Richardson, J.
Smith, J. E.
McCall, G.
Richardson, A.
Pilkington, K.
Kirsch, I.
Publication Title: 
Psycho-Oncology

OBJECTIVES: The psychosocial impacts of a cancer diagnosis include reduced quality of life, poorer inter-personal relationships, hopelessness and mental illness. Worse outcomes, including mortality rates have been found for single men with cancer compared with women and partnered men. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of post-treatment psychosocial and behaviour change interventions for adult men with cancer, in order to inform the development of an intervention. A focus on single men was intended.

Author(s): 
Dale, Hannah L.
Adair, Pauline M.
Humphris, Gerry M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

The aim of this study was to systematically review and critically appraise the evidence on the effectiveness of hypnosis for procedure-related pain and distress in pediatric cancer patients. A comprehensive search of major biomedical and specialist complementary and alternative medicine databases was conducted. Citations were included from the databases' inception to March 2005. Efforts were made to identify unpublished and ongoing research. Controlled trials were appraised using predefined criteria. Clinical commentaries were obtained for each study.

Author(s): 
Richardson, Janet
Smith, Joanna E.
McCall, Gillian
Pilkington, Karen
Publication Title: 
Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common form of psychological distress in patients with cancer. One recognized nonpharmacological intervention to reduce anxiety for various populations is hypnotherapy or hypnosis. However, its effect in reducing anxiety in cancer patients has not been systematically evaluated. AIM: This meta-analysis was designed to synthesize the immediate and sustained effects of hypnosis on anxiety of cancer patients and to identify moderators for these hypnosis effects.

Author(s): 
Chen, Pei-Ying
Liu, Ying-Mei
Chen, Mei-Ling
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Clinical hypnosis in cancer settings provides symptom reduction (pain and anxiety) and empowers patients to take an active role in their treatments and procedures. The goal of this paper is to systematically and critically review evidence on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy for emesis, analgesia, and anxiolysis in acute pain, specifically in procedures with an emphasis on the period from 1999 to 2006. Further, it aims to provide a theoretical rationale for the use of hypnosis with cancer populations in the whole spectrum of illness/treatment trajectory in several clinical contexts.

Author(s): 
Néron, Sylvain
Stephenson, Randolph

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