Nepal

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Fifteen fruits commonly used by the ethnic population in Nepal were studied for the antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content (TPC). Among them, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia chebula, Phyllanthus emblica and Spondias pinnata were the most potent antioxidants as compared with vitamin C based on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical assay. These fruits also contained high TPCs. Spondias pinnata, Pyrularia edulis, Melastoma malabathricum, Cipadema bacifera and Choerospondias axillaries fruits were evaluated for the first time.

Author(s): 
Chalise, Jaya Prakash
Acharya, Kalpana
Gurung, Nirmala
Bhusal, Ram Prasad
Gurung, Reenu
Skalko-Basnet, Natasa
Basnet, Purusotam
Publication Title: 
Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology

BACKGROUND: Nepal is very rich in biodiversity, and no extensive effort has yet been carried out to screen plants that are used by traditional healers against parasitic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activity of crude methanolic or ethanolic extracts of 29 plant species that are currently used by local people of Nepal for treating different ailments.

Author(s): 
Joshi, Bishnu
Hendrickx, Sarah
Magar, Lila Bahadur
Parajuli, Niranjan
Dorny, Pierre
Maes, Louis
Publication Title: 
Tropical Doctor

Altruism on the part of doctors and other health workers may help make health services affordable for the poor, but the altruistic contribution of doctors who are nationals of developing countries has largely been ignored. This paper describes the results of two related surveys carried out between February and April 2001 to determine the characteristics of indigenous charitable clinics in Patan, Nepal, and the attitudes of the Nepali health professionals who work in them. In 2001, 33 Nepali health professionals were working without payment in 13 charitable clinics in Patan.

Author(s): 
Allaby, Martin A. K.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Because available data suggest that resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is increasing in Nepal, an open-label, parallel-group efficacy/safety study was conducted in 99 Nepalese patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria randomized 2:1 to artemetherlumefantrine (AL) or SP. Efficacy was assessed from clinical and microscopic evidence of treatment failure.

Author(s): 
Thapa, Suman
Hollander, Judith
Linehan, Mary
Cox-Singh, Janet
Bista, Mahendra B.
Thakur, Garib D.
Davis, Wendy A.
Davis, Timothy M. E.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and chloroquine (CQ) have been used in treatment of falciparum and vivax malaria in Nepal. Recently, resistance to both drugs have necessitated a change towards artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) against Plasmodium falciparum in highly endemic areas. However, SP is still used against P. falciparum infections in low endemic areas while CQ is used in suspected cases in areas with lack of diagnostic facilities. This study examines the prevalence of molecular markers of CQ and SP resistance in P.

Author(s): 
Ranjitkar, Samir
Schousboe, Mette L.
Thomsen, Thomas Thyge
Adhikari, Madhav
Kapel, Christian M. O.
Bygbjerg, Ib C.
Alifrangis, Michael
Publication Title: 
Gender and Development
Author(s): 
Saul, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

BACKGROUND: Plant species have long been used as principal ingredients of traditional medicine in far-west Nepal. The medicinal plants with ethnomedicinal values are currently being screened for their therapeutic potential but their data and information are inadequately compared and analyzed with the Ayurveda and the phytochemical findings. METHODS: The present study evaluated ethnomedicinal plants and their uses following literature review, comparison, field observations, and analysis.

Author(s): 
Kunwar, Ripu M.
Shrestha, Keshab P.
Bussmann, Rainer W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Ayurveda is considered to be the traditional science of health in India and is based on the principle of subjectivity. All matter is composed of five basic elements, which can be perceived by the five sense organs. All food and drugs are classified according to their pharmacological properties, which are derived from these five elements. To investigate which Ayurvedic plants might have cytostatic activity, an Ayurvedic model for the pathogenesis of cancer was made. Based on this, selection criteria were formed, that were used to select plants from a list of Ayurvedic herbal drugs.

Author(s): 
Smit, H. F.
Woerdenbag, H. J.
Singh, R. H.
Meulenbeld, G. J.
Labadie, R. P.
Zwaving, J. H.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Using the concepts frontier and interface the introduction and spreading of modern Western medicine in Nepal and its relations to other medical systems are described and analyzed. Medical systems do not prevail in the same degree in all places; we may call the geographic areas of concentration the core areas or center(s) of medical systems and the remaining areas their periphery. The frontier of a medical system is defined as that part of the periphery where the presence of the system is increasing.

Author(s): 
Streefland, P.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Among Maithil women there is an understanding of the relation between a mother's milk and the health of her child. Their understanding is supported by the Ayurvedic tradition. Characteristic is the way in which breast-feeding condenses so many meanings--nutritional, medical and moral--into one act. The mother not only nurses her child but also forms his character, fulfills her own personhood and perpetuates her husband's family.

Author(s): 
Reissland, N.
Burghart, R.

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