The effect of two Ca2+ channel inhibitors (CCIs) on ethanol-induced hypothermia and hypnosis, on tolerance formation to both effects, and on audiogenic convulsions during ethanol withdrawal was studied in rats. Nifedipine, 2 and 5 mg/kg IP, significantly augmented the hypnotic action of ethanol without affecting hypothermia. Diltiazem failed to influence either effect of the toxin. Rectal temperature did not change in ethanol-naive rats after acute injection of diltiazem or nifedipine.
Calcium entry blockers are now widely employed in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and perioperative hypertension. In patients with coronary heart disease nifedipine therapy should be continued perioperatively to avoid coronary artery spasm. Animal experiments have demonstrated that calcium entry blockers potentiate the neuromuscular blockade induced by nondepolarizing blocking agents. In patients, an atracurium-induced neuromuscular depression is prolonged by intravenous nifedipine.
Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria: 1996)
In order to elucidate the mechanism(s) behind the interactions between barbiturates and Ca(2+) antagonists, the effects of three structurally diverse types of Ca(2+) antagonists combined or not with 5-HT on pentobarbital-induced hypnosis in mice were investigated.
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (Celastraceae) is an Ayurvedic remedy used for the treatment of a number of diseases, including bowel spasms. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mode of the relaxing action of a methanolic extract prepared from the seeds of Celastrus paniculatus (CPE, 0.0001-10 microg/mL) in the rat ileum and to try to confirm on human tissues the intestinal pharmacological activity of the extract.
Estrogens are used extensively to treat hot flashes in menopausal women. Some of the beneficial effects of estrogens in hormone therapy on the brain might be due to nongenomic effects in neurons such as the rapid stimulation of calcium oscillations. Most studies have examined the nongenomic effects of estrogen receptors (ER) in primary neurons or brain slices from the rodent brain. However, these cells can not be maintained continuously in culture because neurons are post-mitotic.
We describe the results of early hyperbaric oxygenation combined with nifedipine treatment for central retinal artery occlusion, and explain the results pathophysiologically. We report four cases in which hyperbaric oxygenation therapy was applied in combination with nifedipine, eyeball massage, and glycerol for the treatment of central retinal artery occlusion.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
A clinical study on acupuncture at point Neiguan (PC 6) was conducted on the basis of successful treatment of patients with angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarct. The effective rate (91.3%) was found to be far superior to isosorbide dinitrate and nifedipine (P < 0.01). The experimental studies in animal models demonstrated that electro-acupuncture could decrease the elevated ST segments in ECGs and reduce the infarct areas induced by coronary ligation.