Nonprescription Drugs

Publication Title: 
Family Practice

Background: Self-medication is commonly practised by patients, underpinned by health beliefs that affect their adherence to medication regimens, and impacting on treatment outcomes. Objectives: This review explores the scope of self-medication practices among people with hypertension, in terms of the scale of use, types of medication and influencing factors. Method: A comprehensive search of English language, peer-reviewed literature published between 2000 and 2014 was performed.

Rahmawati, Riana
Bajorek, Beata V.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery

OBJECTIVE: To apply the Bradford Hill criteria, which are widely used to establish causality between an environmental agent and disease, to evaluate the relationship between over-the-counter intranasal zinc gluconate therapy and anosmia. DESIGN: Patient and literature review applying the Bradford Hill criteria on causation. SETTING: University of California, San Diego, Nasal Dysfunction Clinic.

Davidson, Terence M.
Smith, Wendy M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

1. Homeopathy is an accepted form of health care in many countries worldwide. 2. Homeopathy is deeply healing, yet does so without causing side effects, tolerance, or addiction problems. 3. Homeopathic remedies are available over the counter in health food stores and some pharmacies. 4. Homeopathy is distinct from herbal medicine and does not interact with conventional treatments.

Lennihan, Begabati
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

This paper proposes the emergent entanglement theory of homeopathy. This is based on the lack of evidence that choice of homeopathic medicine is important and predicts links between effectiveness of homeopathic medicines and their manufacturers. It predicts that there will be a consistent variation, in terms of outcome, between homeopaths, and between medicines made by different manufacturers, but not the specific homeopathic medicines prescribed. This theory is potentially testable.

Hyland, M. E.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood

This article describes the homeopathic tradition and considers the safety, manufacture, effectiveness and regulation of homeopathic medicines. These medicines are commonly purchased without prescription for children, so an understanding of the basis of therapy is important to ensure appropriate and safe usage. The role of integrated medicine in the National Health Service is also reviewed with identification of research priorities.

Erlewyn-Lajeunesse, M.
Publication Title: 

The growth in popularity of so-called "anti-aging" medicine challenges physicians to examine their attitudes about aging. Does one define aging as a predisposition to pathology or as part of the life cycle? Is longevity without the chronic diseases associated with aging a realistic goal? Anti-aging modalities being prescribed by some practitioners include hormone replacement therapies, vitamin and mineral supplements, diet, and exercise.

Butler, R. N.
Fossel, M.
Pan, C. X.
Rothman, D.
Rothman, S. M.
Publication Title: 
Patient Education and Counseling

OBJECTIVE: The growing prevalence of multiple medicine use among elderly challenges health care. The aim was to conduct an exploratory study describing multiple medicine use from the elderly patient's perspective. METHODS: Twelve focus groups of 29 men and 30 women 65 years of age or older, using five or more medicines were analysed qualitatively. RESULTS: Initially the participants reported no problems with using multiple medicines; they felt fortunate that medicines existed and kept them alive.

Moen, Janne
Bohm, Anna
Tillenius, Therese
Antonov, Karolina
Nilsson, J. Lars G.
Ring, Lena
Publication Title: 
Primary Care

Numerous vitamins, herbs, supplements, and other agents are readily available for the treatment of diabetes and obesity. Many of these products have little evidence-based medical support to prove the efficacy of these supplements. The physician must be aware that their patients are using these products and must be knowledgeable about their side effects and drug-herb interactions. Our patients have tremendous access to medical information in the lay literature and on the internet. They are using this information to gain access to various diet therapies.

Roth, Alan
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Medicine sellers are widely used for fever and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa, but concerns surround the appropriateness of drugs and information provided. Because there is increasing interest in improving their services, we reviewed the literature on their characteristics and interventions to improve their malaria-related practices. Sixteen interventions were identified, involving a mixture of training/capacity building, demand generation, quality assurance, and creating an enabling environment.

Goodman, Catherine
Brieger, William
Unwin, Alasdair
Mills, Anne
Meek, Sylvia
Greer, George
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Despite policies that recommend parasitological testing before treatment for malaria, presumptive treatment remains widespread in Nigeria. The majority of Nigerians obtain antimalarial drugs from two types of for-profit drug vendors-formal and informal medicine shops-but little is known about the quality of malaria care services provided at these shops.

Isiguzo, Chinwoke
Anyanti, Jennifer
Ujuju, Chinazo
Nwokolo, Ernest
De La Cruz, Anna
Schatzkin, Eric
Modrek, Sepideh
Montagu, Dominic
Liu, Jenny


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