Nonprescription Drugs

Publication Title: 
Geriatrics

The growth in popularity of so-called "anti-aging" medicine challenges physicians to examine their attitudes about aging. Does one define aging as a predisposition to pathology or as part of the life cycle? Is longevity without the chronic diseases associated with aging a realistic goal? Anti-aging modalities being prescribed by some practitioners include hormone replacement therapies, vitamin and mineral supplements, diet, and exercise.

Author(s): 
Butler, R. N.
Fossel, M.
Pan, C. X.
Rothman, D.
Rothman, S. M.
Publication Title: 
Patient Education and Counseling

OBJECTIVE: The growing prevalence of multiple medicine use among elderly challenges health care. The aim was to conduct an exploratory study describing multiple medicine use from the elderly patient's perspective. METHODS: Twelve focus groups of 29 men and 30 women 65 years of age or older, using five or more medicines were analysed qualitatively. RESULTS: Initially the participants reported no problems with using multiple medicines; they felt fortunate that medicines existed and kept them alive.

Author(s): 
Moen, Janne
Bohm, Anna
Tillenius, Therese
Antonov, Karolina
Nilsson, J. Lars G.
Ring, Lena
Publication Title: 
Primary Care

Numerous vitamins, herbs, supplements, and other agents are readily available for the treatment of diabetes and obesity. Many of these products have little evidence-based medical support to prove the efficacy of these supplements. The physician must be aware that their patients are using these products and must be knowledgeable about their side effects and drug-herb interactions. Our patients have tremendous access to medical information in the lay literature and on the internet. They are using this information to gain access to various diet therapies.

Author(s): 
Roth, Alan
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Medicine sellers are widely used for fever and malaria treatment in sub-Saharan Africa, but concerns surround the appropriateness of drugs and information provided. Because there is increasing interest in improving their services, we reviewed the literature on their characteristics and interventions to improve their malaria-related practices. Sixteen interventions were identified, involving a mixture of training/capacity building, demand generation, quality assurance, and creating an enabling environment.

Author(s): 
Goodman, Catherine
Brieger, William
Unwin, Alasdair
Mills, Anne
Meek, Sylvia
Greer, George
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Despite policies that recommend parasitological testing before treatment for malaria, presumptive treatment remains widespread in Nigeria. The majority of Nigerians obtain antimalarial drugs from two types of for-profit drug vendors-formal and informal medicine shops-but little is known about the quality of malaria care services provided at these shops.

Author(s): 
Isiguzo, Chinwoke
Anyanti, Jennifer
Ujuju, Chinazo
Nwokolo, Ernest
De La Cruz, Anna
Schatzkin, Eric
Modrek, Sepideh
Montagu, Dominic
Liu, Jenny
Publication Title: 
Postgraduate Medical Journal

Patients with Parkinson's disease resort to complementary therapy and non-prescribed medication in the hope of improving their quality of life. In the US 40% of patients with Parkinson's disease reported the use of at least one form of complementary therapy for Parkinson's disease. Data for the UK are limited. A structured questionnaire was administered to consecutive patients attending a Parkinson's disease clinic. Patients were excluded if they were cognitively impaired, if they were living in an institution, or if they declined to take part.

Author(s): 
Ferry, P.
Johnson, M.
Wallis, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Studies indicate mental health improvement can occur via religious communities offering social support and other resources. Many people from many cultures regard medicine as a supernatural or magical treatment that can somehow lead to a better state of living. In medical advertising, female role portrayal involves the blending of beauty, ritual and attractiveness in combination with the best product image. A Chinese saying suggests that, "A girl will doll herself up for him who loves her." Female role attraction is a very important ethical subject in gender issues.

Author(s): 
Yeh, Jin-Tsann
Lin, Chyong-Ling
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology

Complementary and alternative medications, including the use of herbal medications, have become quite popular in the USA. Yerberias are found throughout the southwest and specialize in selling Hispanic herbal products. The products sold in these stores are not regulated by any governmental agency. Previous reports have found Ayurvedic medications contain high levels of lead, mercury, and arsenic. The primary purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of heavy metal contaminants sold at Yerberia stores in the southwest.

Author(s): 
Levine, Michael
Mihalic, Jason
Ruha, Anne-Michelle
French, Robert N. E.
Brooks, Daniel E.
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery

Acne is the most common disease of the skin, yet only a fraction of acne sufferers are treated with prescription products by physicians. There is, however, a large and expanding market for over-the-counter (OTC) medications, many of which are not only effective but also well tolerated and cosmetically elegant. Given the presence of OTC acne medications on the television, the Internet, and store shelves, patients will be acutely aware of these OTC remedies and will have questions.

Author(s): 
Bowe, Whitney P.
Shalita, Alan R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology

Complementary and alternative medications, including the use of herbal medications, have become quite popular in the USA. Yerberias are found throughout the southwest and specialize in selling Hispanic herbal products. The products sold in these stores are not regulated by any governmental agency. Previous reports have found Ayurvedic medications contain high levels of lead, mercury, and arsenic. The primary purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of heavy metal contaminants sold at Yerberia stores in the southwest.

Author(s): 
Levine, Michael
Mihalic, Jason
Ruha, Anne-Michelle
French, Robert N. E.
Brooks, Daniel E.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Nonprescription Drugs