Nonverbal Communication

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

The possibility that Rubin's findings of greater mutual gazing between strong than weak lovers and between strangers could be attributed to the occurrence of more conversation in strong love conditions was tested. Ss were selected from an undergraduate population. Ten strong love couples, determined through the use of Rubin's love scale, were compared to 10 pairs of unacquainted Ss for the amount of mutual eye contact, as well as conversation time and time spent in pure gazing without conversation. It was found that lovers did converse more with each other than with strangers.

Author(s): 
Goldstein, M. A.
Kilroy, M. C.
Van de Voort, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Nonverbal communication abilities were examined as mediators of martial complaints for a sample of 48 recently married couples. Based on social penetration theory, we predicted that couples cohabiting longer would be better at decoding their partners' nonverbal expressions than couples cohabiting a shorter time, that individuals married to accurate nonverbal communicators would evidence fewer martial complaints, and that individuals with fewer marital complaints would be better nonverbal communicators.

Author(s): 
Sabatelli, R. M.
Buck, R.
Dreyer, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

On the basis of the proposition that love promotes commitment, the authors predicted that love would motivate approach, have a distinct signal, and correlate with commitment-enhancing processes when relationships are threatened. The authors studied romantic partners and adolescent opposite-sex friends during interactions that elicited love and threatened the bond. As expected, the experience of love correlated with approach-related states (desire, sympathy).

Author(s): 
Gonzaga, G. C.
Keltner, D.
Londahl, E. A.
Smith, M. D.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

A salutogenic understanding of sexuality as a means of non-verbal communication embodiing essential basic needs, e.g. for acceptance, closeness, warmth, security, as they are sought in all relationships, is explicated from the point of view of sex therapy. Hence, a relation-oriented or syndyastic sex therapy focuses on the fulfillment of these basic needs and desires in general as well as by sexual commmunication in particular and thus creates favourable conditions for relieving sexual dysfunctions.

Author(s): 
Loewit, Kurt
Publication Title: 
Research in Nursing & Health

The purpose of this analysis was to examine whether nurses' listening behavior, especially the coordination of their nonverbal involvement activities with those of their patients, communicates information about patient-nurse relationships. Participants were 126 college women who responded to a 30-item instrument measuring relational information that was communicated to them by nurses' behavior in videotaped segments of interactions between a patient/actress and 12 nurses. Participants' responses to two consecutive interaction segments were selected for this analysis.

Author(s): 
Gilbert, Dorothy Ann
Publication Title: 
Psychological Science

Gaze direction is a vital communicative channel through which people transmit information to each other. By signaling the locus of social attention, gaze cues convey information about the relative importance of objects, including other people, in the environment. For the most part, this information is communicated via patterns of gaze direction, with gaze shifts signaling changes in the objects of attention. Noting the relevance of gaze cues in social cognition, we speculated that gaze shifts may modulate people's evaluations of others.

Author(s): 
Mason, Malia F.
Tatkow, Elizabeth P.
Macrae, C. Neil
Publication Title: 
Emotion (Washington, D.C.)

Drawing on recent claims in the study of relationships, attachment, and emotion, the authors hypothesized that romantic love serves a commitment-related function and sexual desire a reproduction-related function. Consistent with these claims, in Study 1, brief experiences of romantic love and sexual desire observed in a 3-min interaction between romantic partners were related to distinct feeling states, distinct nonverbal displays, and commitment- and reproductive-related relationship outcomes, respectively.

Author(s): 
Gonzaga, Gian C.
Turner, Rebecca A.
Keltner, Dacher
Campos, Belinda
Altemus, Margaret
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

Based on the recent literature indicating that nonconscious behavioral mimicry is partly goal directed, three studies examined, and supported, the hypothesis that people who are involved in a romantic relationship nonconsciously mimic an attractive opposite-sex other to a lesser extent than people not involved in a relationship. Moreover, Studies 2 and 3 revealed that romantically involved persons tended to mimic an attractive alternative less to the extent that they were more close to their current partner.

Author(s): 
Karremans, Johan C.
Verwijmeren, Thijs
Publication Title: 
Soins. Psychiatrie

What should child psychiatry care workers do when a child spontaneously embraces or kisses them? This questioning goes far beyond the fact of kissing and raises the question of the nature of the healthcare relationship and environment. While theoretical knowledge is necessary, it is not sufficient for achieving phronesis or "practical wisdom".

Author(s): 
Rosala, Franck
Publication Title: 
L'Encephale

INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease affects patients in time and space and all dimensions of emotional, cognitive and social life. It is, in return, an unprecedented threat for the family, a disaster for each member of the family. Because of the love story, because of the suffering, the disease remains the relationship between patient and caregiver. We try to approach their suffering according to the carer's reports.

Author(s): 
Caron, R.
Caron, L.

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