Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 2

Publication Title: 
Nature

Calorie restriction extends lifespan in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. In yeast, the SIR2 gene mediates the life-extending effects of calorie restriction. Here we show that the mammalian SIR2 orthologue, Sirt1 (sirtuin 1), activates a critical component of calorie restriction in mammals; that is, fat mobilization in white adipocytes. Upon food withdrawal Sirt1 protein binds to and represses genes controlled by the fat regulator PPAR-gamma (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma), including genes mediating fat storage.

Author(s): 
Picard, FrÈdÈric
Kurtev, Martin
Chung, Namjin
Topark-Ngarm, Acharawan
Senawong, Thanaset
Machado De Oliveira, Rita
Leid, Mark
McBurney, Michael W.
Guarente, Leonard
Publication Title: 
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling

SIGNIFICANCE: Mitochondrial function plays an important role in metabolic homeostasis and has been implicated in aging. Although there is still ongoing debate regarding whether mitochondrion-derived oxidative stress is causative to the aging process, interventions that increase oxidative metabolism and antioxidant pathways in animal models protect against age-related deterioration, such as metabolic diseases and neurodegenerative disorders.

Author(s): 
Liu, Sihao
Reilly, Shannon M.
Lee, Chih-Hao
Publication Title: 
Nature

Calorie restriction extends lifespan in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. In yeast, the SIR2 gene mediates the life-extending effects of calorie restriction. Here we show that the mammalian SIR2 orthologue, Sirt1 (sirtuin 1), activates a critical component of calorie restriction in mammals; that is, fat mobilization in white adipocytes. Upon food withdrawal Sirt1 protein binds to and represses genes controlled by the fat regulator PPAR-gamma (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma), including genes mediating fat storage.

Author(s): 
Picard, FrÈdÈric
Kurtev, Martin
Chung, Namjin
Topark-Ngarm, Acharawan
Senawong, Thanaset
Machado De Oliveira, Rita
Leid, Mark
McBurney, Michael W.
Guarente, Leonard
Publication Title: 
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling

SIGNIFICANCE: Mitochondrial function plays an important role in metabolic homeostasis and has been implicated in aging. Although there is still ongoing debate regarding whether mitochondrion-derived oxidative stress is causative to the aging process, interventions that increase oxidative metabolism and antioxidant pathways in animal models protect against age-related deterioration, such as metabolic diseases and neurodegenerative disorders.

Author(s): 
Liu, Sihao
Reilly, Shannon M.
Lee, Chih-Hao
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