Trance is a normal psychophysiological phenomenon. Suggestion is the purposeful use of that phenomenon and the heart of hypnosis. Suggestion deepens and enriches trance and promotes beneficial changes, or healing, within the individual. This article addresses the traditional historical and cultural roots of the hypnotic experience and use of "trance" and "suggestion." How nurses often unknowingly use these phenomena and can intentionally use trance and suggestion in their practices is explored.
There is widespread belief that the use of aromatherapy and massage in an intensive care environment offers a means of increasing the quality of sensory input that patients receive, as well as reducing levels of stress and anxiety. Despite a wealth of anecdotal evidence in support of these claims, there have been few objective studies to evaluate the effects of these therapies. In this experimental study 122 patients admitted to a general intensive care unit were randomly allocated to receive either massage, aromatherapy using essential oil of lavender, or a period of rest.
This article reviews holistic caring-healing therapies that may decrease preoperative anxiety for the surgical patient, based on the philosophy and science of caring developed by Jean Watson, RN, PhD, FAAN. Dr Watson reveals a new paradigm emerging in health care that blends the compassion and caring of nursing in harmony with the curative therapies of medicine. Hypnosis, aromatherapy, music, guided imagery, and massage are integrative caring-healing therapies that may minimize preoperative anxiety.
Creativity in meeting patients' needs is required daily by the staff in acute and critical care environments. For critical care patients, many alternative and complementary therapies including aromatherapy, hydrotherapy, humor, imagery, massage, music, and relaxation can be used successfully as adjunct therapies to help decrease stress.
Aromatherapy is the use of essential oils which are distilled from aromatic plants to obtain holistic effects on the mind, body, and spirit. Among nurses, aromatherapy is the second most commonly used complementary therapy. The chemical components of essential oils, such as ketones, aldehydes, and esters, determine the specific effects of the essential oils. Essential oils may be administered by inhalation, bathing, or massage to decrease anxiety, pain, and fatigue, and improve wound healing.
Relationships among gender role identity, feminine scores, self-concept, and perception of comfort in the mothering role were examined. Fifty-two primiparous and 21 multiparous women completed study questionnaires during the third trimester, 2 to 3 weeks postpartum, and 4 to 6 weeks postpartum. Low feminine gender role identity groups demonstrated the greatest change in feminine and self-concept scores over time. Differences in patterns emerged among the groups regarding size and significance of correlations between feminine and self-concept scores.