Nutritional Status

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: People living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a range of symptoms and often have complex comorbidities. Many pharmacological interventions for people with CKD have known risks of adverse events. Acupuncture is widely used for symptom management in patients with chronic diseases and in other palliative care settings. However, the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for people with CKD remains largely unknown.

Author(s): 
Kim, Kun Hyung
Lee, Myeong Soo
Kim, Tae-Hun
Kang, Jung Won
Choi, Tae-Young
Lee, Jae Dong
Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

An emerging central concept in evolutionary biology suggests that symbiosis is a universal characteristic of living organisms that can help in understanding complex traits and phenotypes. During evolution, an integrative circuitry fundamental for survival has been established between commensal gut microbiota and host. On the basis of recent knowledge in worms, flies, and humans, an important role of the gut microbiota in aging and longevity is emerging.

Author(s): 
Ottaviani, E.
Ventura, N.
Mandrioli, M.
Candela, M.
Franchini, A.
Franceschi, C.
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

The oldest old are among the fastest growing segment of the population and it is important to understand not only the influence of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and nutrition on the achievement of exceptional longevity but also the role, if any, of these factors on maintaining optimal cognitive, mental and physical health into advanced age.

Author(s): 
Hausman, Dorothy B.
Fischer, Joan G.
Johnson, Mary Ann
Publication Title: 
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity

Nutrition has important long-term consequences for health that are not only limited to the individual but can be passed on to the next generation. It can contribute to the development and progression of chronic diseases thus effecting life span. Caloric restriction (CR) can extend the average and maximum life span and delay the onset of age-associated changes in many organisms.

Author(s): 
Ribari?, Samo
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Applied kinesiology is a technique used to assess nutritional status on the basis of the response of muscles to mechanical stress. In this study, 11 subjects were evaluated independently by three experienced applied kinesiologists for four nutrients (thiamin, zinc, vitamin A, and ascorbic acid). The results obtained by those applied kinesiologists were compared with (a) one another, (b) standard laboratory tests for nutrient status, and (c) computerized isometric muscle testing.

Author(s): 
Kenney, J. J.
Clemens, R.
Forsythe, K. D.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition and Health

The present paper examines the relationship of nutritional status to further life expectancy and health status in the Japanese elderly based on 3 epidemiological studies. 1. Nutrient intakes in 94 Japanese centenarians investigated between 1972 and 1973 showed a higher proportion of animal protein to total proteins than in contemporary average Japanese. 2. High intakes of milk and fats and oils had favorable effects on 10-year (1976-1986) survivorship in 422 urban residents aged 69-71.

Author(s): 
Shibata, H.
Nagai, H.
Haga, H.
Yasumura, S.
Suzuki, T.
Suyama, Y.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: Vitamin and mineral supplementation is a common practice in the United States, yet little is known about the long-term health effects of regular supplement use. METHODS: To examine the relationship between reported use of supplements and mortality, we analyzed data from US adults 25 to 74 years of age who were examined in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1971 to 1975), with vital status determined through 1987. RESULTS: At baseline, 22.5% of the cohort reported using supplements regularly and 10.0% reported irregular use.

Author(s): 
Kim, I.
Williamson, D. F.
Byers, T.
Koplan, J. P.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Reviews
Author(s): 
Walter, P.
Publication Title: 
The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

Socio-economic changes are taking place all over the world, especially in developing countries, and these influence all aspects of life an all age periods. Resultant disparities have brought about alarming and increasing manifestations of malnutrition and non-communicable disease. Illiteracy, poor health facilities have damaging effects on children. Raising the literacy of girls and adolescents will reduce the leading cause of malnutrition in children, since these future, better educated mothers will be responsible for the children's welfare: child care status with mother care.

Author(s): 
Gopinath, N.
Publication Title: 
Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). Supplement

Epidemiological studies have revealed strong and reproducible links between indices of poor fetal, and possibly infant, growth and susceptibility to the development of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance syndrome in adult life. The 'thrifty phenotype' hypothesis has been proposed to explain these associations.

Author(s): 
Hales, C. N.

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