Nutritive Value

Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia
Author(s): 
Konyshev, V. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly

Science and technology are modernizing the field of nutrition and are consequently increasing its complexity. New food developments such as fortified foods and functional foods are evidence of its modernization. The increased specificity of nutrient- and food-intake recommendations and the breadth of claims on food packages are evidence of nutrition's growing complexity. Unfortunately, research on the consumer acceptability of new food developments and nutrition education initiatives has not kept pace with advancements in the field.

Author(s): 
Paulionis, Lina
Publication Title: 
Nutrition and Health

What the World needs is an integrated and sustainable food policy that makes the best and most appropriate use of the technologies at our disposal to promote health and help prevent disease. Diet induced diseases account for the largest burden of chronic illnesses and health problems Worldwide. Historically a lack of knowledge about human nutritional requirements (including for the brain) helped promote diet induced disease. The scientific knowledge currently exists to help prevent many of the current deficiencies and imbalances in human diet.

Author(s): 
Robson, Anthony A.
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

The metabolic syndrome is becoming increasingly prevalent in the general population and carries significant incremental morbidity and mortality. It is associated with multi-organ involvement and increased all-cause mortality, resembling a precocious aging process. The mechanisms that account for this phenomenon are incompletely known, but it is becoming clear that longevity genes might be involved.

Author(s): 
Fadini, Gian Paolo
Ceolotto, Giulio
Pagnin, Elisa
de Kreutzenberg, Saula
Avogaro, Angelo
Publication Title: 
Journal of Economic Entomology

The objective of this research was to evaluate artificial diets that can be used to successfully culture the atlas silk moth, Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) indoors. Four plant species were evaluated as the basic component of each diet, barringtonia (Barringtonia asiatica), cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis), soursop (Annona muricata), and mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). Evaluation of the nutritional value of each diet was determined by an analysis of the hemolymph proteins of sixth instars using the Folin-Ciocalteu assay.

Author(s): 
Sukirno, Sukirno
Situmorang, J.
Sumarmi, S.
Soesilohadi, R. C. Hidayat
Pratiwi, R.
Sukirno, Sukirno
Situmorang, J.
Sumarmi, S.
Soesilohadi, R. C. Hidayat
Pratiwi, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: In this study, our working hypothesis was that continuous light and fungal elicitation treatment of legume seedlings would lead to enhanced levels of isoflavonoids and soluble proteins. RESULTS: Based on short-term light and dark treatments, isoflavonoid (genistein, genistin, daidzein, and daidzin) and soluble protein concentrations were significantly upregulated in the "light" environment compared to the "dark" environment for all edible legume species (kudzu vine, soybean, garbanzo bean, fava bean, mung bean, adzuki bean) that were tested.

Author(s): 
Lal, Ashish
Warber, Sara
Kirakosyan, Ara
Kaufman, Peter B.
Duke, James A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Food Science

Diabetes is a serious chronic metabolic disease and has a significant impact on patients' lives and the health care system. We previously observed that the organic solvent extract of American ginseng berry possessed significant antidiabetic effects in obese diabetic ob/ob mice after intraperitoneal injection. If American ginseng berry is useful as a dietary supplement, simple preparation and oral intake would be a convenient, safe, and practical means for consumers.

Author(s): 
Xie, J. T.
Wang, C. Z.
Ni, M.
Wu, J. A.
Mehendale, S. R.
Aung, H. H.
Foo, A.
Yuan, C. S.
Publication Title: 
Public Health Nutrition

OBJECTIVE: To test the viability of the Mediterranean diet as an affordable low-energy-density model for dietary change. DESIGN: Foods characteristic of the Mediterranean diet were identified using previously published criteria. For these foods, energy density (kJ/100 g) and nutrient density in relation to both energy ($/MJ) and nutrient cost were examined. RESULTS: Some nutrient-rich low-energy-density foods associated with the Mediterranean diet were expensive, however, others that also fit within the Mediterranean dietary pattern were not.

Author(s): 
Drewnowski, Adam
Eichelsdoerfer, Petra
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Changes in food production and dietary practices are occurring faster than our understanding of their potential impact on children's health. Traditionally, pediatric gastroenterologists have studied food with respect to its nutritive value and digestibility, its influence on metabolism, its growth-promoting characteristics, and its relationship to risk and severity of disease. Biotechnology is now expanding the science of food to include disease prevention and treatment, as well as the feeding of children on a global scale.

Author(s): 
Perr, Hilary A.
Publication Title: 
Appetite

This study examines people's acceptance of genetically modified (GM) food. Results suggest that GM acceptance depends most on how natural the genetically modified product is perceived and not directly on how natural the non-GM product is seen. A GM product that is perceived as more natural is more likely to be accepted than a GM product that is perceived as less natural. The extent to which GM affects the perceived naturalness of a product partly depends on the kind of product.

Author(s): 
Tenbült, Petra
De Vries, Nanne K.
Dreezens, Ellen
Martijn, Carolien

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