Obesity, Abdominal

Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: In India, vaidyas (Ayurvedic physicians) traditionally administer triphala and its constituents as therapeutic agents for promoting digestion and satiety. OBJECTIVE: The research team performed the present study to investigate the effects of triphala and its constituents (T bellirica [bibhitaki], T chebula [haritaki], and E officinalis [amalaki]) on the dietary induction of obesity (diet-induced obesity [DIO]), and other symptoms of visceral obesity syndrome, in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD).

Author(s): 
Gurjar, Shaifali
Pal, Anuradha
Kapur, Suman
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: In India, vaidyas (Ayurvedic physicians) traditionally administer triphala and its constituents as therapeutic agents for promoting digestion and satiety. OBJECTIVE: The research team performed the present study to investigate the effects of triphala and its constituents (T bellirica [bibhitaki], T chebula [haritaki], and E officinalis [amalaki]) on the dietary induction of obesity (diet-induced obesity [DIO]), and other symptoms of visceral obesity syndrome, in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD).

Author(s): 
Gurjar, Shaifali
Pal, Anuradha
Kapur, Suman
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism

The prevalence and incidence of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are higher in people treated for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV) infection than in the general population. Identifying safe and effective interventions is a high priority. We evaluated whether the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist pioglitazone with exercise training improves central and peripheral insulin sensitivity more than pioglitazone alone in HIV-infected adults with insulin resistance and central adiposity.

Author(s): 
Yarasheski, Kevin E.
Cade, W. Todd
Overton, E. Turner
Mondy, Kristin E.
Hubert, Sara
Laciny, Erin
Bopp, Coco
Lassa-Claxton, Sherry
Reeds, Dominic N.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Iranian Medicine

BACKGROUND: Dietary habits play an important role in the prevention of chronic disease; however, few studies have assessed the major dietary patterns in Middle Eastern countries. This study identifies major dietary patterns among Iranian people with abnormal glucose homeostasis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Diabetes Research Center, Isfahan, Iran among 425 subjects with abnormal glucose homeostasis. Patients were of ages 35 - 55 years and had family histories of diabetes.

Author(s): 
Amini, Massoud
Shafaeizadeh, Shila
Zare, Maryam
Khosravi Boroujeni, Hossein
Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Surgery

OBJECTIVE: To assess the gender and ethnic differences in arterial compliance in patients with intermittent claudication. METHODS: A total of 114 patients participated, including 38 Caucasian men, 32 Caucasian women, 16 African American men, and 28 African American women. Patients were assessed on large artery elasticity index (LAEI), small artery elasticity index (SAEI), age, weight, body mass index, ankle-brachial index (ABI), smoking status, and metabolic syndrome components.

Author(s): 
Gardner, Andrew W.
Montgomery, Polly S.
Blevins, Steve M.
Parker, Donald E.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes

The optimal exercise modality for reductions of abdominal obesity and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth is unknown. We examined the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) versus resistance exercise (RE) without caloric restriction on abdominal adiposity, ectopic fat, and insulin sensitivity and secretion in youth. Forty-five obese adolescent boys were randomly assigned to one of three 3-month interventions: AE, RE, or a nonexercising control.

Author(s): 
Lee, SoJung
Bacha, Fida
Hannon, Tamara
Kuk, Jennifer L.
Boesch, Chris
Arslanian, Silva
Publication Title: 
Cancer Prevention Research (Philadelphia, Pa.)

To determine whether visceral fat (VF), independent of other confounders, is causally linked to intestinal tumorigenesis, we surgically removed visceral fat in Apc(1638/N+) mice. At 15 weeks of age, male and female Apc(1638/N+) mice were randomized to one of three groups: ad libitum, visceral fat removal (VF-) and ad libitum fed, or caloric restriction, and were studied for effects on tumorigenesis and survival.

Author(s): 
Huffman, Derek M.
Augenlicht, Leonard H.
Zhang, Xueying
Lofrese, John J.
Atzmon, Gil
Chamberland, John P.
Mantzoros, Christos S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of acupuncture at hour-prescriptive points, a method of midnight-noon ebb-flow, to treat female adult abdominal obesity with spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with adult abdominal obesity with spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group with 36 patients in each group. Patients in the treatment group were treated with acupuncture at hour-prescriptive points from 9 to 11 AM every day on the principle of taking points along channels in time.

Author(s): 
Wu, Jie
Li, Qing
Chen, Lin
Tian, Dehua
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