Observer Variation

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

The study and practice of medicine, in its most personal and intimate functions, its most sophisticated scientific and technological manifestations, and its philosophical and ethical ramifications, are central to our understanding of the human condition. Homeopathic medicine: its insights, the questions that it begs, and the scientific and philosophical challenges it presents, has a significant contribution to make to this process. To be actively and seriously engaged with homeopathy is an adventurous undertaking.

Author(s): 
Swayne, Jeremy
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

INTRODUCTION: The described systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for psoriasis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will electronically search for randomised controlled trials in the following databases from inception to 31 March 2015: OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Medical Current Content, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP database), Wan-Fang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure.

Author(s): 
Wang, Lei
Yang, Haoyu
Li, Nuo
Wang, Weiming
Bai, Yanping
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry Research

The goal of the present study was to investigate parent-of-origin effects in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent-of-origin effects in ADHD may be due to differences in the relative quantity of risk factors transmitted by each parent. Alternatively, parent-of-origin effects may be produced by qualitative differences in the risks transmitted, such as those carried on the sex chromosomes or regulated by genomic imprinting.

Author(s): 
Goos, Lisa M.
Ezzatian, Payam
Schachar, Russell
Publication Title: 
Assessment

The authors developed the Interpersonal Behavior Questionnaire for Children with the aim of assessing the constructs of the interpersonal circumplex model, that is, Dominance and Love and their possible combinations, via third- to fifth-grade children's self- and peer reports. In the three studies presented herein, the authors examined several psychometric properties of the questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Di Blas, Lisa
Grassi, Michele
Luccio, Riccardo
MomentË, Silvia
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics

BACKGROUND: Informal caregiving contributes significantly to the health and well being of chronically ill persons. While a vast literature demonstrates this connection, the cost and financial burden of informal caregiving has received considerably less research attention, especially as it-pertains to bipolar disorder. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This paper develops an integrated burden model of informal caregiving, which is contrasted with other more traditional models of caregiving costs, and then uses these models to estimate the financial burden of bipolar disorder.

Author(s): 
Wolff, Nancy
Perlick, Deborah A.
Kaczynski, Richard
Calabrese, Joseph
Nierenberg, Andrew
Miklowitz, David J.
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

PROBLEM STATEMENT AND BACKGROUND: The evaluation of professionalism often relies on the observation and interpretation of students' behaviors; however, little research is available regarding faculty's interpretations of these behaviors. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 30 faculty, who were asked to respond to five videotaped scenarios in which students are placed in professionally challenging situations. Behaviors were catalogued by person and by scenario. RESULTS: There was little agreement between faculty about what students should and should not do in each scenario.

Author(s): 
Ginsburg, Shiphra
Regehr, Glenn
Lingard, Lorelei
Publication Title: 
Psychological Assessment

The HEXACO Personality Inventory (HEXACO-PI) operationalizes the six factors obtained from lexical studies of personality structure in several languages. In this study, psychometric properties of the HEXACO-PI were assessed using a community adult sample and also using observer reports, thereby extending the previous investigation relying only on self-reports from a college student sample.

Author(s): 
Lee, Kibeom
Ashton, Michael C.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Whereas early studies have found moderately high agreement between self- and observer-rated scores on the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A), these studies shared a common confound in that participants were aware of being directly observed. In the present study, confederates made surreptitious observations of group participants' hypnotic responding. Following the hypnotic procedure, participants indicated whether or not they remembered each item and provided self-reports of their hypnotic response.

Author(s): 
Younger, Jarred
Kemmerer, David D.
Winkel, Justin D.
Nash, Michael R.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

AIMS: To describe the population pharmacokinetics of tafenoquine in healthy volunteers after receiving tafenoquine for malaria prophylaxis. METHODS: The population consisted of 135 male Thai soldiers (mean age 28.9 years; weight 60.3 kg). All soldiers were presumptively treated with artesunate for 3 days plus doxycycline for 7 days to remove any pre-existing malaria infections. After the treatment regime, 104 soldiers (drug group) received a loading dose of 400 mg tafenoquine base daily for 3 days followed by 400 mg tafenoquine monthly for 5 consecutive months.

Author(s): 
Edstein, M. D.
Kocisko, D. A.
Brewer, T. G.
Walsh, D. S.
Eamsila, C.
Charles, B. G.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery

This study was designed to investigate the changes in a number of facial proportions as a result of combined orthodontic/orthognathic surgical treatment. According to some authors, in beautiful faces, the values of the proportions measured are likely to approximate the divine proportion (1.618:1). The hypothesis for this study was that, as a result of treatment, the faces of patients in the sample would be more esthetic and therefore the measured proportions would be closer to the divine proportion than they were before treatment. Forty-six patients were included in the sample.

Author(s): 
Baker, B. W.
Woods, M. G.

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