Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are characterised by long term worry, tension, nervousness, fidgeting and symptoms of autonomic system hyperactivity. Meditation is an age-old self regulatory strategy which is gaining more interest in mental health and psychiatry. Meditation can reduce arousal state and may ameliorate anxiety symptoms in various anxiety conditions.

Author(s): 
Krisanaprakornkit, T.
Krisanaprakornkit, W.
Piyavhatkul, N.
Laopaiboon, M.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

Between March and June 2004, a systematic review was carried out of the research evidence on the effectiveness of yoga for the treatment of anxiety and anxiety disorders. Eight studies were reviewed. They reported positive results, although there were many methodological inadequacies. Owing to the diversity of conditions treated and poor quality of most of the studies, it is not possible to say that yoga is effective in treating anxiety or anxiety disorders in general. However, there are encouraging results, particularly with obsessive compulsive disorder.

Author(s): 
Kirkwood, G.
Rampes, H.
Tuffrey, V.
Richardson, J.
Pilkington, K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) current standard pharmacotherapies may be of limited efficacy. Non-conventional interventions such as Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), self-help techniques, and lifestyle interventions are commonly used by sufferers of OCD, however to date no systematic review of this specific area exists. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies using CAM, self-help, and lifestyle interventions for treatment of OCD and trichotillomania (TTM).

Author(s): 
Sarris, Jerome
Camfield, David
Berk, Michael
Publication Title: 
Behavior Therapy

Previous evidence for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been derived principally from randomized controlled trials. As such, evidence about the treatment of OCD has unilaterally flowed from researchers to clinicians. Despite often having decades of experience treating OCD, clinicians' feedback on their clinical observations in using these treatments has not been solicited.

Author(s): 
Jacobson, Nicholas C.
Newman, Michelle G.
Goldfried, Marvin R.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are characterised by long term worry, tension, nervousness, fidgeting and symptoms of autonomic system hyperactivity. Meditation is an age-old self regulatory strategy which is gaining more interest in mental health and psychiatry. Meditation can reduce arousal state and may ameliorate anxiety symptoms in various anxiety conditions.

Author(s): 
Krisanaprakornkit, T.
Krisanaprakornkit, W.
Piyavhatkul, N.
Laopaiboon, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Anxiety Disorders

A fair amount of research exists on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a model and a treatment for anxiety disorders and OCD spectrum disorders; this paper offers a quantitative account of this research. A meta-analysis is presented examining the relationship between psychological flexibility, measured by versions of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ and AAQ-II) and measures of anxiety. Meta-analytic results showed positive and significant relationships between the AAQ and general measures of anxiety as well as disorder specific measures.

Author(s): 
Bluett, Ellen J.
Homan, Kendra J.
Morrison, Kate L.
Levin, Michael E.
Twohig, Michael P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) current standard pharmacotherapies may be of limited efficacy. Non-conventional interventions such as Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), self-help techniques, and lifestyle interventions are commonly used by sufferers of OCD, however to date no systematic review of this specific area exists. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies using CAM, self-help, and lifestyle interventions for treatment of OCD and trichotillomania (TTM).

Author(s): 
Sarris, Jerome
Camfield, David
Berk, Michael
Publication Title: 
Depression and Anxiety

BACKGROUND: Scant research has examined the effect of neuropsychological (NP) functioning on treatment outcome in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study sought to address this gap in existing research. METHODS: A total of 63 youths were included in this study and asked to complete the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) and specific subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Third Edition (WISC-III).

Author(s): 
Flessner, Christopher A.
Allgair, Amy
Garcia, Abbe
Freeman, Jennifer
Sapyta, Jeffrey
Franklin, Martin E.
Foa, Edna
March, John
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) clinical presentation is remarkably diverse, and can vary both within and across patients over time. This variability in the phenotypic expression has led to the hypothesis that OCD is a heterogeneous disorder and that this heterogeneity obscures the findings of clinical, natural history and treatment response studies and complicates the search for vulnerability genes. A complete understanding of what comprises OCD and the underlying etiological mechanisms will require a dramatic change in how the disorder is conceptualized.

Author(s): 
Miguel, E. C.
Leckman, J. F.
Rauch, S.
do Rosario-Campos, M. C.
Hounie, A. G.
Mercadante, M. T.
Chacon, P.
Pauls, D. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

Some patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibit an unsatisfactory reduction in symptom severity despite being treated with all the available therapeutic alternatives. The clinical variables associated with treatment-refractoriness in OCD are inconsistently described in the literature. METHODS: To investigate factors associated with treatment-refractoriness of patients with OCD, we conducted a case-control study, comparing 23 patients with treatment-refractory OCD to 26 patients with treatment-responding OCD.

Author(s): 
Ferr„o, Ygor A.
Shavitt, Roseli G.
Bedin, N·dia R.
de Mathis, Maria EugÍnia
Carlos Lopes, AntÙnio
Fontenelle, Leonardo F.
Torres, Albina R.
Miguel, EurÌpedes C.

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