Obstetric Labor Complications

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes at term is managed expectantly or by elective birth, but it is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with term prelabour rupture of membranes on fetal, infant and maternal wellbeing.

Author(s): 
Dare, M. R.
Middleton, P.
Crowther, C. A.
Flenady, V. J.
Varatharaju, B.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence and content of local clinical guidelines for acupuncture treatment in Swedish labor and postnatal wards. DESIGN: A Swedish national survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence and content of clinical guidelines for acupuncture. Setting. All Swedish labor and postnatal wards at the time of data collection (April 2007-March 2008). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enquiry was made on local clinical guidelines for acupuncture treatment at 50 labor and 50 postnatal wards.

Author(s): 
Schytt, Erica
Halvarsson, Anna
Pedersen-Draper, Christina
Mårtensson, Lena
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes.

Author(s): 
Middleton, Philippa
Shepherd, Emily
Flenady, Vicki
McBain, Rosemary D.
Crowther, Caroline A.
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Low birth weight (LBW) and hypoxia are among the environmental factors most reliably associated with schizophrenia; however, the nature of this relationship is unclear and both gene-environment interaction and gene-environment covariation models have been proposed as explanations. High-risk (HR) designs that explore whether obstetric complications differentially predict outcomes in offspring at low risk (LR) vs HR for schizophrenia, while accounting for differences in rates of maternal risk factors, may shed light on this question.

Author(s): 
Forsyth, Jennifer K.
Ellman, Lauren M.
Tanskanen, Antti
Mustonen, Ulla
Huttunen, Matti O.
Suvisaari, Jaana
Cannon, Tyrone D.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the History of Medicine

By 1800, the Roman Catholic Church and organized medicine faced the dilemma of how to resolve cases of obstructed births. American physicians usually practiced destructive operations, like craniotomy, in an attempt to save the lives of mothers. The church allowed such operations after the death of the infant. A new technique of surgery, the cesarean operation, offered hope that both patients would survive childbirth.

Author(s): 
Ryan, Joseph G.
Publication Title: 
Health Affairs (Project Hope)

Communicating openly and honestly with patients and families about unexpected medical events-a policy known as full disclosure-improves outcomes for patients and providers. Although many certification and licensing organizations have declared full disclosure to be imperative, the adoption of and adherence to a full disclosure protocol is not common practice in most clinical settings. We conducted a case study of Ascension Health's implementation of a full disclosure protocol at five labor and delivery demonstration sites.

Author(s): 
Hendrich, Ann
McCoy, Christine Kocot
Gale, Jane
Sparkman, Lora
Santos, Palmira
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing

BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Women's perceptions of childbirth are defined within sociocultural context. Listening to the voices of women is essential to increase nurses' sensitivity to the needs of childbearing women and help nurses provide culturally competent healthcare. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to identify Australian women's perceptions of giving birth. METHOD: Seventeen Australian women who had given birth in the past 12 months participated in audiotaped interviews. Trustworthiness of the findings was ensured.

Author(s): 
Callister, Lynn Clark
Holt, Shelley Thacker
Kuhre, Melody West

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