Occupational Diseases

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Background Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work.which may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision.Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.Search methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL,NIOSHTI

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work. which may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress as a result of lack of skills, organisational factors, and low social support at work. This may lead to distress, burnout and psychosomatic problems, and deterioration in quality of life and service provision. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of work- and person-directed interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers.

Author(s): 
Ruotsalainen, Jani H.
Verbeek, Jos H.
Marine, Albert
Serra, Consol
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to stress has been linked to several negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. Among employees, stress and its associated effects can also result in productivity losses and higher healthcare costs. In-person (face-to-face) and computer-based (web- and mobile-based) stress management interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress in employees compared to no intervention. However, it is unclear if one form of intervention delivery is more effective than the other.

Author(s): 
Kuster, Anootnara Talkul
Dalsbø, Therese K.
Luong Thanh, Bao Yen
Agarwal, Arnav
Durand-Moreau, Quentin V.
Kirkehei, Ingvild
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

AIM: To review the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on Registered Nurses and nursing students. BACKGROUND: Work-related stress among nurses is estimated to be the biggest occupational health problem after musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: A mixed-method systematic review incorporating quantitative and qualitative data was conducted.

Author(s): 
Guillaumie, Laurence
Boiral, Olivier
Champagne, Julie
Publication Title: 
Dental Clinics of North America

In the late 1960's, preventive health care began to gain in popularity in the United States and the movement carried over into the 1970's. During this time, sizable decreases in deaths from heart disease, strokes, and accidents have been noted. As a result, the lowest death rate in the history of this country (8.9 per 1000) occurred in both 1975 and 1976. Since 1970, an increase in longevity has been documented and it can be said that Americans are living longer--not just longer but hopefully better!

Author(s): 
Cooper, K. H.
Christen, A. G.
Publication Title: 
The Medical Clinics of North America

Human health and longevity have long been known to depend on a complex interplay between hereditary and nonhereditary determinants. The latter include various lifestyle factors, as well as physical and chemical agents encountered in air, food, water, consumer products, the workplace, and the environment at large. Knowledge of these determinants is becoming increasingly important to the physician and other members of society in the maintenance of human health and in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of modern life.

Author(s): 
Upton, A. C.
Publication Title: 
Family & Community Health

Access to health care has been a factor for patients living in isolated mountain regions. The Frontier Nursing service was a pioneer in reaching those patients living in the most remote regions of Appalachia. Geography, demographics, and culture present obstacles for rural residents and health care providers. This article identifies and describes the roles nurses and nurse practitioners played in caring for Appalachian families through a roving Health Wagon in the 1980s and 1990s in Southwest Virginia.

Author(s): 
Snyder, Audrey
Thatcher, Esther
Publication Title: 
Journal of Occupational Health

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the potential effects of perceived organizational support (POS) and psychological capital (PsyCap) on combating depressive and anxious symptoms among Chinese underground coal miners. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a coal-mining population in northeast China.

Author(s): 
Liu, Li
Wen, Fengting
Xu, Xin
Wang, Lie
Publication Title: 
Health Physics

The assumption that any additional exposure to ionizing radiation leads to an increase in the risk of stochastic health effects implies that some cases of these effects will be caused by exposure incurred occupationally. The main health effect expected to arise in the exposed individuals is cancer. Such radiation-induced cancers cannot be distinguished from the far larger number of background cancers, and, therefore, causation must be assessed statistically.

Author(s): 
Wakeford, R.
Antell, B. A.
Leigh, W. J.

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