Occupational Therapy

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

This article is the first part of a systematic review of evidence for the effectiveness of cancer rehabilitation interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that address the activity and participation needs of adult cancer survivors. This article focuses on the importance of physical activity and symptom management. Strong evidence supports the use of exercise for cancer-related fatigue and indicates that lymphedema is not exacerbated by exercise.

Author(s): 
Hunter, Elizabeth G.
Gibson, Robert W.
Arbesman, Marian
D'Amico, Mariana
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented. Strong evidence supports the use of aerobic exercise, resistive exercise, and aquatic therapy.

Author(s): 
Siegel, Patricia
Tencza, Melissa
Apodaca, Beverly
Poole, Janet L.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergotherapie

BACKGROUND: State anxiety can result from a variety of life situations. This type of anxiety can disrupt occupational engagement and performance, thereby affecting rehabilitation and recovery. Occupational therapists need to address the connection between mind-body-spirit and its relationship to performance and engagement in meaningful occupations. Yoga, when used as an adjunct to therapy, has the potential to address state anxiety. PURPOSE: The aim was to systematically review the evidence concerning the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment approach for state anxiety.

Author(s): 
Chugh-Gupta, Neha
Baldassarre, Fulvia G.
Vrkljan, Brenda H.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

OBJECTIVE: To examine interventions addressing work, activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), education, and sleep for people with autism spectrum disorder. METHOD: A total of 23 studies were identified, and 9 work-, 11 ADL/IADL-, and 3 education-related interventions were examined. No sleep studies were identified. RESULTS: Use of mobile and tablet technologies for vocational skills was supported.

Author(s): 
Weaver, Lindy L.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory.

Author(s): 
Schmid, Arlene A.
Puymbroeck, Marieke Van
Portz, Jennifer D.
Atler, Karen E.
Fruhauf, Christine A.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory.

Author(s): 
Schmid, Arlene A.
Puymbroeck, Marieke Van
Portz, Jennifer D.
Atler, Karen E.
Fruhauf, Christine A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

In this article, we have identified some of the ethical considerations related to evidence-based practice and surrounding issues as they bear on occupational therapy and rehabilitation. We acknowledge that practitioners are professionally and morally obligated to ensure that their decisions are informed and reflect best practices. Further, we recognize the value of encouraging practitioners to assume responsibility for searching and appraising available evidence so that informed options can be shared with patients. Table 1 summarizes the ethical considerations in evidence-based practice.

Author(s): 
Christiansen, C.
Lou, J. Q.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

PURPOSE. We conducted a systematic review examining the extent to which pediatric intervention research recently published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy reflects occupational therapy's holistic occupation-based tenets. METHOD. We surveyed 10 systematic reviews and analyzed 38 single effectiveness studies for intervention approach, type, level of environmental targeting, level of occupational task and participation practice, and measures used. RESULTS.

Author(s): 
Kreider, Consuelo M.
Bendixen, Roxanna M.
Huang, Yu Yun
Lim, Yoonjeong
Publication Title: 
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Several authors have written of the need to embrace occupation and use it to energise our practice, research and education for the benefit of the profession, individual occupational therapists and ultimately, and most significantly, our clients. However, Wilcock (1999) best summarises the issues and the work that must be done, calling for the profession to adopt a consistent professional philosophy. This approach is entirely congruent with the paradigm approach proposed by Kielhofner (2009). Reinforcing the ideas of Doris Sym, Wilcock (p.

Author(s): 
Gustafsson, Louise
Molineux, Matthew
Bennett, Sally
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

A scoping review was conducted to describe how mindfulness is used in physical rehabilitation, identify implications for occupational therapy practice, and guide future research on clinical mindfulness interventions. A systematic search of four literature databases produced 1,524 original abstracts, of which 16 articles were included.

Author(s): 
Hardison, Mark E.
Roll, Shawn C.

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