Oceanic Ancestry Group

Publication Title: 
European Journal of Neurology

Mutations in the dysferlin gene (DYSF) on chromosome 2p13 cause distinct phenotypes of muscular dystrophy: limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B), Miyoshi myopathy (MM), and distal anterior compartment myopathy, which are known by the term 'dysferlinopathy'. We performed mutation analyses of DYSF in 14 Italian patients from 10 unrelated families with a deficiency of dysferlin protein below 20% of the value in normal controls by immunoblotting analysis. We identified 11 different mutations, including eight missense and three deletion mutations.

Author(s): 
Kawabe, K.
Goto, K.
Nishino, I.
Angelini, C.
Hayashi, Y. K.
Publication Title: 
BMC health services research

BACKGROUND: To describe the maternity care experiences of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander women in Queensland, Australia and to identify areas for policy and practice improvements. METHODS: A culturally-tailored survey requesting both quantitative and qualitative information was completed by respondents either independently (online or in hard copy) or with the assistance of a trained peer-interviewer.

Author(s): 
Parker, Susan
McKinnon, Loretta
Kruske, Sue
Publication Title: 
Journal of Primary Health Care

BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: New Zealand's primary mental health initiatives (PMHIs) have successfully filled a health service gap and shown good outcomes for many presenting with mild to moderate anxiety/depression in primary health care settings. Maori have higher rates of mental health disorders and complexity of social and mental health needs not matched by access to PMHIs.

Author(s): 
Abel, Sally
Marshall, Bob
Riki, Donny
Luscombe, Tania
Publication Title: 
Hawaii Medical Journal

Living-renal transplant (LRT) is the most effective treatment for endstage renal disease (ESRD), and innovative strategies to increase donation are needed. We reviewed our ethnically/culturally diverse program to identify factors that contribute to donors' decision to participate. Records of 110 LRT (related:unrelated = 66:44) and respective donors (1999-2005) were reviewed for demographics, outcome, education, employment, language, religion, and motivation. One and 5-year graft survival were 98.2% and 92% respectively.

Author(s): 
Park, Chan W.
Limm, Whitney M.
Wong, Linda L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy

This paper discusses attempts to define health within a public policy arena and practical and conceptual difficulties that arise. An Australian Aboriginal definition of health is examined. Although there are certain difficulties of translation, this definition is prominent in current Australian health policy and discourse about health. The definition can be seen as broadly holistic in comparison to other holistic definitions such as that of the World Health Organization. The nature of this holism and its grounding within the context of Aboriginal Australia is discussed.

Author(s): 
Boddington, Paula
Räisänen, Ulla
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cultural Diversity

Terns in a multi-ethnic sample of 125 depressed women seeking treatment for depression. Forty-six African American, 36 Caucasian Americans, and 43 Latina women were recruited and interviewed about their beliefs about their illness and their help-seeking. Results indicated that Latinas were significantly more likely than Caucasian Americans to believe that their illness was caused by traditional reasons (e.g., energy imbalance). African Americans were more likely to use spiritual resources (e.g., prayer, church) to deal with their problems than Caucasian Americans or Latinas.

Author(s): 
Vakalahi, Halaevalu F. Ofahengaue
Taiapa, Julia T. T.
Ware, Felicity
Publication Title: 
Journal of General Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) has been the recommended treatment for early-stage breast cancer since 1990 yet many women still do not receive this procedure. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between birthplace and use of BCS in Asian-American and Pacific-Islander (AAPI) women, and to determine whether disparities between white and AAPI women persist over time. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Women with newly diagnosed stage I or II breast cancer from 1992 to 2000 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program.

Author(s): 
Goel, Mita Sanghavi
Burns, Risa B.
Phillips, Russell S.
Davis, Roger B.
Ngo-Metzger, Quyen
McCarthy, Ellen P.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Care

OBJECTIVE: Ethnic minorities with diabetes typically have lower rates of cardiovascular outcomes and higher rates of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) compared with whites. Diabetes outcomes among Asian and Pacific Islander subgroups have not been disaggregated. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study (1996-2006) of patients enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry.

Author(s): 
Kanaya, Alka M.
Adler, Nancy
Moffet, Howard H.
Liu, Jennifer
Schillinger, Dean
Adams, Alyce
Ahmed, Ameena T.
Karter, Andrew J.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes Care

OBJECTIVE: We estimated the prevalence and incidence of diabetes among specific subgroups of Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in a multiethnic U.S. population with uniform access to care.

Author(s): 
Karter, Andrew J.
Schillinger, Dean
Adams, Alyce S.
Moffet, Howard H.
Liu, Jennifer
Adler, Nancy E.
Kanaya, Alka M.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

OBJECTIVE: To describe a massage therapy and training programme in a remote Aboriginal community in Australia and to develop the frameworks, procedures and processes necessary for future research. METHOD: Self-report health questionnaires (MYMOP and W-BQ12) and an ethnographic enquiry that included participant observation and 15 interviews with clients and key informants. RESULTS: The project was disrupted by typhoons. Baseline questionnaire responses indicate they may be suitable for this context.

Author(s): 
Paterson, Charlotte
Vindigni, Dein
Polus, Barbara
Browell, Tuesday
Edgecombe, Gay

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