Oocyte Donation

Publication Title: 
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the present review was to determine what pain-relieving effect had been reported for acupuncture and other conscious sedation methods in assisted reproduction therapy since 1990. The secondary objective was to determine pregnancy rates, when possible. METHODS: The data source was the Medline database of the National Library of Medicine covering the period January 1990-January 2004. Bibliographies of relevant publications and review articles were scanned.

Author(s): 
Stener-Victorin, Elisabet
Publication Title: 
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the present review was to determine what pain-relieving effect had been reported for acupuncture and other conscious sedation methods in assisted reproduction therapy since 1990. The secondary objective was to determine pregnancy rates, when possible. METHODS: The data source was the Medline database of the National Library of Medicine covering the period January 1990-January 2004. Bibliographies of relevant publications and review articles were scanned.

Author(s): 
Stener-Victorin, Elisabet
Publication Title: 
Gynecologie, Obstetrique & Fertilite

Oocyte donation is a complex situation that requires the applicant couple to deal with the presence of the donor in the history of the child conception. Accepting the eggs is not the same thing than accepting the donor. Her place in the child's life depends on how his parents will accept her phantasmal reality beyond her real person. Paying attention to the story told by the donors on their motivations may help parents internalize this conception to three.

Author(s): 
Cauvin, P.
Publication Title: 
Human Reproduction (Oxford, England)

The present acute shortage of eggs for donation cannot be overcome unless adequate guidelines are set to alleviate the anxieties regarding payments, in cash or kind, to donors. The current Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) guidelines do not allow direct payment to donors but accept the provision of lower cost or free in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment to women in recognition of oocyte donation to anonymous recipients. Egg-sharing achieved in this way enables two infertile couples to benefit from a single surgical procedure.

Author(s): 
Ahuja, K. K.
Simons, E. G.
Fiamanya, W.
Dalton, M.
Armar, N. A.
Kirkpatrick, P.
Sharp, S.
Arian-Schad, M.
Seaton, A.
Watters, W. J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medical Humanities

If a couple wishes to have children, is able to have them through the usual biological process, and there are no known genetic problems facing such children, then that couple would be best advised to have biological offspring. In fact, most people would consider this to be simply the natural "default setting" for such decisions. But if they are not able to have such offspring, or if there is a significant probability that such offspring would have some catastrophic genetic problem, then it might be better for the couple to adopt a child not related to them biologically.

Author(s): 
Murphy, George L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

There has been a troublesome anomaly in the UK between cash payment to men for sperm donation and the effective assumption that women will pay to donate eggs. Some commentators, including Donald Evans in this journal, have argued that the anomaly should be resolved by treating women on the same terms as men. But this argument ignores important difficulties about property in the body, particularly in relation to gametes.

Author(s): 
Dickenson, D. L.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

OBJECTIVE: To survey a sample of couples along with their chosen oocyte donors regarding psychological variables. DESIGN: Patients in an infertility clinic were interviewed by a counselor using a semistructured interview format designed to gather systematic data. SETTING: Infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Ten recipient couples along with their donors were seen. RESULT(S): Oocyte recipients ranged in age from 30 to 49 years with a mean age of 40 years. Oocyte donors ranged in age from 21-34 years with a mean age of 29 years.

Author(s): 
Khamsi, F.
Endman, M. W.
Lacanna, I. C.
Wong, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Women's Health

Our aim was to assess the psychologic characteristics and postdonation satisfaction of anonymous oocyte donors. Twenty-five consecutive anonymous oocyte donors completed psychologic tests before donation and satisfaction ratings following completion of the egg donation cycle. The average donor was 27 years old, married, and employed outside the home. All predonation scores on the psychologic measures were within the normal range. However, 24% of donors reported a history of sexual assault, and 40% described having had some type of reproductive loss.

Author(s): 
Klock, S. C.
Braverman, A. M.
Rausch, D. T.
Publication Title: 
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation

We report on the motivations of potential ovum donors entering an assisted reproduction program and discuss the potential ramifications of escalating payments to donors. From July 1995 to July 1998, recruitment of ovum donors was directed at healthy women between 21 and 34 years of age. Financial remuneration for services rendered was USD 2,500 from July 1995 through March 1998 and increased to USD 5,000 after that. Donors were screened and consented according to established SART guidelines.

Author(s): 
Lindheim, S. R.
Chase, J.
Sauer, M. V.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

OBJECTIVE: To assess post-donation psychological status of a large sample of professionally recruited, paid anonymous donors and to determine whether there were any differences between those who were willing to donate again and those who were not. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Healthy donors who were recruited by two private groups. SUBJECT(S): One hundred fifteen donors who had completed at least one donation cycle at one of six IVF programs in a large Midwestern city. INTERVENTION(S): None.

Author(s): 
Klock, Susan Caruso
Stout, Jan Elman
Davidson, Marie

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