Opioid-Related Disorders

Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

A review of the efficacy of acupuncture as treatment for opiate addiction, covering 33 years of reported literature in western scientific journals, was systematically undertaken. Some abstracts from Chinese language journals were also briefly reviewed. Supportive evidence often came from non-controlled nonblinded methodologies. When well-designed clinical trials (randomized, controlled, single-blind methodologies) were used, there was no significant evidence for acupuncture being a more effective treatment than controls.

Author(s): 
Jordan, James B.
Publication Title: 
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology

This review extends a prior meta-analysis of acupuncture's utility for treating opioid detoxification, addressing the efficacy of acupuncture when combined with allopathic therapies. Both English and Chinese databases were searched for randomized trials comparing acupuncture combined with opioid agonist treatment versus opioid agonists alone for treating symptoms of opioid withdrawal. The methodological quality of each study was assessed with Jadad's scale (1-2 = low; 3-5 = high).

Author(s): 
Liu, Ting-ting
Shi, Jie
Epstein, David H.
Bao, Yan-Ping
Lu, Lin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

A review of the efficacy of acupuncture as treatment for opiate addiction, covering 33 years of reported literature in western scientific journals, was systematically undertaken. Some abstracts from Chinese language journals were also briefly reviewed. Supportive evidence often came from non-controlled nonblinded methodologies. When well-designed clinical trials (randomized, controlled, single-blind methodologies) were used, there was no significant evidence for acupuncture being a more effective treatment than controls.

Author(s): 
Jordan, James B.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal on Addictions

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic disease with significant personal, societal, and public health consequences. Even for the minority who receive the most effective evidence-based treatments, morbidity, and mortality remain significant. These facts, along with the recovery movement calling for individualized, holistic, culturally sensitive care, have led to the exploration of adjunctive interventions including acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Baker, Tanya E.
Chang, Grace
Publication Title: 
Current Psychiatry Reports

Recent discoveries about the effects of drugs of abuse on the brain and the mechanisms of their addictions; new chemical compounds, including immunotherapies; and new actions of available medications are offering many opportunities for the discovery and development of novel medications to treat addictive disorders. Furthermore, advancements in the understanding of the genetic and epigenetic basis of drug addiction and the pharmacogenetics of the safety and/or efficacy of the medications are providing opportunities for more individualized pharmacotherapy approaches.

Author(s): 
Montoya, Iv·n D.
Vocci, Frank
Publication Title: 
Journal of Opioid Management

OBJECTIVE: The OPRM1 gene was studied for DNA methylation in opioid dependence and possible paternal contribution to epigenetic inheritance of altered methylation profiles. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: DNA was extracted from blood and sperm from 13 male opioid addicts and 21 male control subjects. DNA methylation was determined by pyrosequencing in 24 CpG sites at the OPRM1 promoter region. RESULTS: The authors found significantly increased overall methylation in blood DNA from addicted subjects (Kruskal-Wallis [K-W] p = 0.013).

Author(s): 
Chorbov, Vesselin M.
Todorov, Alexandre A.
Lynskey, Michael T.
Cicero, Theodore J.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Manganiello, A. J.
Publication Title: 
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Author(s): 
Dole, V. P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Author(s): 
Gold, M. S.
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse
Author(s): 
Shrikhande, Aditi
Dermatis, Helen
Galanter, Marc

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