Oral Health

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

AIM: To critically appraise and evaluate the evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) examining the effectiveness of oil pulling on oro dental hygiene. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Amed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl databases from inception to February 2015, and assessed reporting quality using the Cochrane risk of bias criteria. We included RCTs that compared oil pulling using conventional cooking oils with a control intervention. Our primary outcomes were measures of oro dental hygiene using validated scales.

Author(s): 
Gbinigie, Oghenekome
Onakpoya, Igho
Spencer, Elizabeth
McCall MacBain, Marcy
Heneghan, Carl
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

Even though dentistry was not a specialized branch of Ayurveda, it is included in its Shalakya Tantra (system of surgery). Problems such as deformities of the oral cavity, plaques and infections were managed in ancient India. Traditional medicine can treat various infectious and chronic conditions. Research has shown that all kinds of chewing sticks described in ancient Ayurveda texts have medicinal and anti-cariogenic properties. Its oil pulling (Kaval, Gandush) practice is claimed to cure about 30 systemic diseases. Amla (Emblic myrobalan), is a general rebuilder of oral health.

Author(s): 
Singh, Abhinav
Purohit, Bharathi
Publication Title: 
Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht Uber Die Biologisch-Anthropologische Literatur

The evaluation of social differences in dental health is based on the assumption that individuals belonging to a higher social class consumed a different diet than a common people. The aim of our study was to analyse and compare dental health of 16(th) - 17(th) c. individuals, buried inside and around the Roman Catholic Church in Trakai (Lithuania). All material (189 adult individuals) was divided in two samples of a presumably different social status: the Churchyard (ordinary townsmen) and the Presbytery (elite).

Author(s): 
Miliauskien?, éydr?n?
Jankauskas, Rimantas
Publication Title: 
Australian Dental Journal

It is predicted that more Australians will retain their natural dentitions into old age and their dental needs will have to be met with a wide range of dental services by dentists acting with understanding, kindness, and sympathy. The empathy to do so requires experience of appropriate delivery systems in the environment in which the elderly live. For them the ability to eat a balanced and varied diet and to manage personal oral hygiene is very important for their well being. Undergraduate education must be adapted to strengthen the social orientation demanded.

Author(s): 
Homan, B. T.
Publication Title: 
Australian Dental Journal

It is predicted that more Australians will retain their natural dentitions into old age and their dental needs will have to be met with a wide range of dental services by dentists acting with understanding, kindness, and sympathy. The empathy to do so requires experience of appropriate delivery systems in the environment in which the elderly live. For them the ability to eat a balanced and varied diet and to manage personal oral hygiene is very important for their well being. Undergraduate education must be adapted to strengthen the social orientation demanded.

Author(s): 
Homan, B. T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

BACKGROUND: The extent to which welfare states may influence health outcomes has not been explored. It was hypothesised that policies which target the poor are associated with greater income inequality in oral health quality of life than those that provide earnings-related benefits to all citizens. METHODS: Data were from nationally representative surveys in the UK (n = 4064), Finland (n = 5078), Germany (n = 1454) and Australia (n = 2292) conducted from 1998 to 2002. The typology of Korpi and Palme classifies these countries into four different welfare states.

Author(s): 
Sanders, A. E.
Slade, G. D.
John, M. T.
Steele, J. G.
Suominen-Taipale, A. L.
Lahti, S.
Nuttall, N. M.
Allen, P. Finbarr
Publication Title: 
International Dental Journal

The one-to-one intervention between patient and dentist continues to offer significant opportunities for practitioners to impact positively on their patients' oral health behaviour. A growing body of behavioural science research offers suggestions for maximizing these opportunities.

Author(s): 
Coombs, J. A.
Publication Title: 
Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the parental attitude toward different management techniques used during dental treatment of schoolchildren in Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and eighteen parents who accompanied their children to the clinics of Hawally School Oral Health Program in Kuwait participated in this study. The parents viewed a videotape which showed scenes of different behavioral management techniques (BMTs) and then completed a questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Muhammad, Saleh
Shyama, Maddi
Al-Mutawa, Sabiha A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This analysis describes the dental self-care behaviors used by a multiethnic sample of older adults and delineates the associations of self-care behaviors with personal characteristics and oral health problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional comprehensive oral health survey conducted with a random, multiethnic (African-American, American Indian, white) sample of 635 community-dwelling rural adults aged 60 years and older was completed in two rural southern counties.

Author(s): 
Arcury, Thomas A.
Bell, Ronny A.
Anderson, Andrea M.
Chen, Haiying
Savoca, Margaret R.
Kohrman, Teresa
Quandt, Sara A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

BACKGROUND: Oral health disparities related to socioeconomic status have been well described in the U.S., but oral health among refugee groups has not been well characterized. This article examines oral health among Somali refugees in Massachusetts. METHODS: Eighty-three (83) participants were purposively selected for an in-depth, open-ended interview related to oral health. RESULTS: Older individuals associated use of the stick brush with the Islamic practice of cleansing before prayer. When unable to find stick brushes in the U.S., many adopted the Western toothbrush.

Author(s): 
Adams, Jo Hunter
Young, Samorga
Laird, Lance D.
Geltman, Paul L.
Cochran, Jennifer J.
Hassan, Ahmed
Egal, Fadumo
Paasche-Orlow, Michael K.
Barnes, Linda L.

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