Organizations, Nonprofit

Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

The public responsibilities of nonprofit hospitals have been contested since the advent of the 1969 community benefit standard. The distance between the standard's legal language and its implementation has grown so large that the Internal Revenue Service issued a new reporting form for 2008 that is modeled on the Catholic Health Association's guidelines for its member hospitals.

Author(s): 
Craig, David M.
Publication Title: 
Health Affairs (Project Hope)

Communicating openly and honestly with patients and families about unexpected medical events-a policy known as full disclosure-improves outcomes for patients and providers. Although many certification and licensing organizations have declared full disclosure to be imperative, the adoption of and adherence to a full disclosure protocol is not common practice in most clinical settings. We conducted a case study of Ascension Health's implementation of a full disclosure protocol at five labor and delivery demonstration sites.

Author(s): 
Hendrich, Ann
McCoy, Christine Kocot
Gale, Jane
Sparkman, Lora
Santos, Palmira
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Based on our research of volunteers at Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC) in New York City, we developed a typology of AIDS volunteers derived from their responses to our Reasons for Volunteering scale. The scale included six basic reasons, three of which were AIDS-specific and three of which represented more general reasons for doing volunteer work. Cluster analysis was used to identify sub-groups in this sample, from which we identified seven distinct and meaningful types of volunteers.

Author(s): 
Cassel, J. B.
Ouellette, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Law and Medicine

The relationship between government and the not-for-profit (NFP) sector has important implications for society, especially in relation to the delivery of public health measures and the protection of the environment. In key health-related areas such as provision of medical services, welfare, foreign aid and education, governments have traditionally preferred for the NFP sector to act as service partners, with the relationship mediated through grants or funding agreements.

Author(s): 
Vines, Tim
Donohoo, Angus M.
Faunce, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Effective clinical practice: ECP

CONTEXT. Many health plans have started to cover the cost of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). National survey data indicate that CAM use is highly prevalent among adults. However, little is known about CAM use among health plan members. OBJECTIVE: To describe CAM users, the prevalence of CAM use, and how CAM use relates to utilization of conventional preventive services and health care satisfaction among health plan members. DESIGN: Cross-sectional mail survey in 1997. SETTING: Managed care organization in Minnesota.

Author(s): 
Gray, Carolyn M.
Tan, Agnes W. H.
Pronk, Nicolaas P.
O'Connor, Patrick J.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Malaria remains the leading burden of disease in post-conflict Sierra Leone. To overcome the challenge of anti-malarial drug resistance and improve effective treatment, Sierra Leone adopted artemisinin-combination therapy artesunate-amodiaquine (AS+AQ) as first-line treatment for uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. Other national policy anti-malarials include artemether-lumefantrine (AL) as an alternative to AS+AQ, quinine and artemether for treatment of complicated malaria; and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp).

Author(s): 
Amuasi, John H.
Diap, Graciela
Nguah, Samuel Blay
Karikari, Patrick
Boakye, Isaac
Jambai, Amara
Lahai, Wani Kumba
Louie, Karly S.
Kiechel, Jean-René
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Due to widespread anti-malarial drug resistance in many countries, Kenya included, artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) has been adopted as the most effective treatment option against malaria. Artemether-lumefantrine (AL) is the first-line ACT for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in Kenya, while quinine is preferred for complicated and severe malaria. Information on the providers' knowledge and practices prior to or during AL and quinine implementation is scanty.

Author(s): 
Watsierah, Carren A.
Onyango, Rosebella O.
Ombaka, James H.
Abong'o, Benard O.
Ouma, Collins
Publication Title: 
AIDS treatment news
Author(s): 
James, J. S.
Publication Title: 
Effective clinical practice: ECP

CONTEXT. Many health plans have started to cover the cost of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). National survey data indicate that CAM use is highly prevalent among adults. However, little is known about CAM use among health plan members. OBJECTIVE: To describe CAM users, the prevalence of CAM use, and how CAM use relates to utilization of conventional preventive services and health care satisfaction among health plan members. DESIGN: Cross-sectional mail survey in 1997. SETTING: Managed care organization in Minnesota.

Author(s): 
Gray, Carolyn M.
Tan, Agnes W. H.
Pronk, Nicolaas P.
O'Connor, Patrick J.
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