Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Increasing interest has focused on complementary management modalities, including tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy, as treatments for osteoarthritis (OA). This review article synthesizes evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that examined one or more of the above as treatments for OA. Medline, Pubmed, and Cinahl databases were searched to identify English-language articles using an RCT design or that conducted a SR of published studies and presented data on symptom or functional outcomes.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as an ancillary intervention in rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and IndMED were searched through February 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga with control interventions in patients with rheumatic diseases were included. Two authors independently assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Back Review Group risk of bias tool.
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
In the United States, approximately 21% of the adults suffer from arthritis. Yoga offers one possible way of managing arthritis. The purpose of this study was to look at studies from 2010 to June 2013 and examine whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for managing arthritis. A systematic search from Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, and Alt HealthWatch databases was conducted for quantitative articles involving all schools of yoga. A total of 9 articles met the inclusion criteria. Five of these were from the United States and 4 from India.
COMMENT: Osteoarthritis represents one of the most frequent pathologies today, and its current management requires the combination of pharmaceutical and non pharmacological strategies. Moreover, osteoarthritis constitutes one of the main diseases leading to the requirement to the alternative medicines.
Despite a growing interest in uncovering the basic mechanisms of arthritis, medical treatment remains symptomatic. Current medical treatments do not consistently halt the long-term progression of these diseases, and surgery may still be needed to restore mechanical function in large joints. Patients with rheumatic syndromes often seek alternative therapies, with homeopathy being one of the most frequent. Homeopathy is one of the most frequently used complementary therapies worldwide.
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plant products are used orally for treating osteoarthritis. Although their mechanisms of action have not yet been elucidated in full detail, interactions with common inflammatory mediators provide a rationale for using them to treat osteoarthritic complaints. OBJECTIVES: To update a previous Cochrane review to assess the benefits and harms of oral medicinal plant products in treating osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a common rheumatic disease. Limitations of conventional medical management of this condition indicate a real need for safe and effective treatment of osteoarthritic patients. The authors review the clinical evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines in the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis. A systematic review of all randomised controlled clinical trials of homeopathic treatment of patients with this condition is presented. A comprehensive search yielded four trials which are discussed in detail.
The aim of this study was to evaluate data from controlled clinical trials testing the effectiveness of tai chi for treating osteoarthritis. Systematic searches were conducted on MEDLINE, AMED, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, The Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 2, the UK National Research Register and ClinicalTrials.gov, Korean medical databases, the Qigong and Energy database and Chinese medical databases (until June 2007). Hand searches included conference proceedings and our own files. There were no restrictions regarding the language of publication.
To evaluate whether the use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM; zh?ng y?) influences symptoms or functional outcomes in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee ( x? gu?n jié yán). A systematic review of randomized control trials was conducted. Searches for studies in PubMed that were performed between 1965 and August 2013, and retrieved studies were subjected to reference screening.
PURPOSE: To review the efficacy of nonmedicinal, noninvasive therapies in hip and knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: Search of English-language literature from 1966 through 1993 using MEDLINE by cross-referencing "osteoarthritis" (therapy subheadings) with "controlled trial," "comparative study," or "trial(s)." STUDY SELECTION: Fifteen controlled trials of diathermy (deep heat), exercise, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, topically applied capsaicin, low-energy laser, and pulsed electromagnetic fields were found.