Osteopathic Medicine

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Sixty percent (60%) to 80% of patients who visit chiropractic, osteopathic, or Chinese medicine practitioners are seeking pain relief. OBJECTIVES: This article aimed to identify the amount, quality, and type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) pain research in Australia by systematically and critically reviewing the literature. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Australasian Medical Index, and Cochrane library were searched from their inception to July 2009.

Author(s): 
Zheng, Zhen
Xue, Charlie C. L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine has developed an exercise to introduce professional ethics and behavior at the earliest stages of medical education. During orientation, each incoming class creates a class vision statement. After small group discussions on professional ethics, honesty, and responsibilities, representatives from each group collated student input and constructed a class vision statement reflective of student consensus on these issues. Each vision statement was recited as an oath during the white coat ceremony at the conclusion of the orientation program.

Author(s): 
Fresa-Dillon, Kerin L.
Cuzzolino, Robert G.
Veit, Kenneth J.
Publication Title: 
Progress in Transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)

Educators routinely use standardized patients to teach medical students a variety of clinical concepts. Standardized patients have also been used to teach students about medical ethics and deceased organ donation. Not reported before, however, is the use of standardized patients to educate medical students about the ethical issues in living organ donation. It seems important to fill this gap because in the United States, roughly 45% of organ donors are living donors, and these patients will visit physicians throughout their lifespan, not just with the occurrence of donation.

Author(s): 
Bramstedt, Katrina A.
Moolla, Ariff
Rehfield, Patricia L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Author(s): 
Chapman, J. D.
Publication Title: 
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.)

A survey was undertaken to explore attitudes to alternative medicine among 100 general practitioner trainees. A positive attitude emerged from the 86 respondents, with 18 doctors using at least one alternative method themselves and 70 wanting to train in one or more. A total of 31 trainees had referred patients for such treatments; 12 of these doctors made referrals to non-medically qualified practitioners. The most commonly used alternative treatments were hypnosis, manipulation, homoeopathy, and acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Reilly, D. T.
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

OBJECTIVES: To describe Victorian general practitioners' attitudes towards and use of a range of complementary therapies. DESIGN: A self-administered postal survey sent to a random sample of 800 general practitioners (GPs) in Victoria in July 1997. PARTICIPANTS: 488 GPs (response rate, 64%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' knowledge; opinions about harmfulness and effectiveness; appropriateness for GPs to practise; perceived patient demand; need for undergraduate education; referral rates to complementary practitioners; and training in and practice of each therapy.

Author(s): 
Pirotta, M. V.
Cohen, M. M.
Kotsirilos, V.
Farish, S. J.
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

OBJECTIVES: To describe Victorian general practitioners' attitudes towards and use of a range of complementary therapies. DESIGN: A self-administered postal survey sent to a random sample of 800 general practitioners (GPs) in Victoria in July 1997. PARTICIPANTS: 488 GPs (response rate, 64%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' knowledge; opinions about harmfulness and effectiveness; appropriateness for GPs to practise; perceived patient demand; need for undergraduate education; referral rates to complementary practitioners; and training in and practice of each therapy.

Author(s): 
Pirotta, M. V.
Cohen, M. M.
Kotsirilos, V.
Farish, S. J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

CONTEXT: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown into a huge health care industry in the United States, with 91.5 million people (38% of adults) using CAM in 2007. Given the increase in CAM use and the need for CAM education for health professionals, it is important to understand the baseline attitudes and beliefs of osteopathic medical students regarding CAM, as well as the factors that may have formed them. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine osteopathic medical students' use of different CAM modalities.

Author(s): 
Kanadiya, Mehulkumar K.
Klein, Guy
Shubrook, Jay H.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

The use of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) in the care of terminally ill patients is controversial. While there are published surveys assessing the attitudes and views of physicians in certain specialties, both nationally and in targeted geographic areas, no such data are available specifically pertaining to osteopathic physicians, who deliver 9% of the primary care in the United States. This article describes a study whose purpose was to identify the views and perspectives of osteopathic physicians on PAS through a national survey.

Author(s): 
Cavalieri, Thomas A.
Pomerantz, Sherry C.
Ciesielski, Janice
Shinkle, Janine W.
Forman, Lloyd J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

The use of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) in the care of terminally ill patients is controversial. While there are published surveys assessing the attitudes and views of physicians in certain specialties, both nationally and in targeted geographic areas, no such data are available specifically pertaining to osteopathic physicians, who deliver 9% of the primary care in the United States. This article describes a study whose purpose was to identify the views and perspectives of osteopathic physicians on PAS through a national survey.

Author(s): 
Cavalieri, Thomas A.
Pomerantz, Sherry C.
Ciesielski, Janice
Shinkle, Janine W.
Forman, Lloyd J.

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