Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal

Publication Title: 
Maturitas

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among menopausal women has increased in the last years. This review examines the evidence from systematic reviews, RCTs and epidemiological studies of CAM in the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Some evidence exists in favour of phytosterols and phytostanols for diminishing LDL and total cholesterol in postmenopausal women. Similarly, regular fiber intake is effective in reducing serum total cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.

Author(s): 
Borrelli, Francesca
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Aging (Milan, Italy)

One of the key paradoxes in gerontology is that, despite a higher longevity, aging women experience worse health and longer disability than men. However, there is growing evidence that changes in life-style, medical interventions and systematic screening for certain diseases may substantially reduce the excess risk of major chronic conditions and disability in aging women, and therefore improve the quality of their late life.

Author(s): 
Ferrucci, L.
Benvenuti, E.
Bartali, B.
Bandinelli, S.
Di Iorio, A.
Russo, C. R.
Lauretani, F.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Treatment and Research
Author(s): 
Cobleigh, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Hu Li Za Zhi The Journal of Nursing

Due to the influence of endocrine, menopausal women are easily affected by osteoporosis. Nowadays, with the popularity of preventive medicine, the proportion of the public willing to accept alternative therapies has increased. In this study alternative therapies, including Chinese medicine, diet, exercise, aromatherapy, acupressure and acupuncture were integrated, to prevent osteoporosis in menopausal women. It is expected that this study will enhance the quality of nursing and expand the prospects of nursing care in this field.

Author(s): 
Wang, Hsiu-Hsiang
Chung, Ue-Lin
Lee, Ying-Hui
Chao, Chih-Ting
Lee, Shu-Hua
Ting, Mei-Yun
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

INTRODUCTION: Reduction of ovarian estrogen secretion at menopause increases net bone resorption and leads to bone loss. Isoflavones have been reported to protect bone from estrogen deficiency, but their modest effects on bone resorption have been difficult to measure with traditional analytical methods.

Author(s): 
Weaver, C. M.
Martin, B. R.
Jackson, G. S.
McCabe, G. P.
Nolan, J. R.
McCabe, L. D.
Barnes, S.
Reinwald, S.
Boris, M. E.
Peacock, M.
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a major health problem in postmenopausal women. Evidence suggests the importance of oxidative stress in bone metabolism and bone loss. Tea consumption may be beneficial to osteoporosis due to its antioxidant capability. However, lack of objective data characterizing tea consumption has hindered the precise evaluation of the association between tea ingestion and bone mineral density in previous questionnaire-based epidemiological studies.

Author(s): 
Shen, Chwan-Li
Chyu, Ming-Chien
Yeh, James K.
Felton, Carol K.
Xu, Ke T.
Pence, Barbara C.
Wang, Jia-Sheng
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Post-menopausal osteopenic women are at increased risk for skeletal fractures. Current osteopenia treatment guidelines include exercise, however, optimal exercise regimens for attenuating bone mineral density (BMD) loss, or for addressing other fracture-related risk factors (e.g. poor balance, decreased muscle strength) are not well-defined. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular weight bearing mind-body exercise that has been reported to positively impact BMD dynamics and improve postural control, however, current evidence is inconclusive.

Author(s): 
Wayne, Peter M.
Buring, Julie E.
Davis, Roger B.
Connors, Ellen M.
Bonato, Paolo
Patritti, Benjamin
Fischer, Mary
Yeh, Gloria Y.
Cohen, Calvin J.
Carroll, Danette
Kiel, Douglas P.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacological Research: The Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society

Osteoporosis is a major health problem in the elderly. Epidemiological evidence has shown an association between tea consumption and the prevention of bone loss in the elderly population. Ingestion of green tea and green tea bioactive compounds may be beneficial in mitigating bone loss of this population and decreasing their risk of osteoporotic fractures.

Author(s): 
Shen, Chwan-Li
Yeh, James K.
Cao, Jay J.
Chyu, Ming-Chien
Wang, Jia-Sheng
Publication Title: 
Osteoporosis international: a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA

Postmenopausal women with osteopenia received green tea polyphenols (GTP) supplement and/or Tai Chi exercise for 6 months. Bone turnover biomarkers, calcium metabolism, and muscle strength were measured. This study showed that GTP supplementation and Tai Chi exercise increased bone formation biomarkers and improved bone turnover rate. Tai Chi exercise increased serum parathyroid hormone. GTP supplementation, Tai Chi exercise, and the combination of the two all improved muscle strength in postmenopausal women with osteopenia.

Author(s): 
Shen, C.-L.
Chyu, M.-C.
Yeh, J. K.
Zhang, Y.
Pence, B. C.
Felton, C. K.
Brismée, J.-M.
Arjmandi, B. H.
Doctolero, S.
Wang, J.-S.
Publication Title: 
Calcified Tissue International

Bone loss during perimenopause, an estrogen-sufficient period, correlates with elevated serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and decreased inhibins A and B. Utilizing a recently described ovotoxin-induced animal model of perimenopause characterized by a prolonged estrogen-replete period of elevated FSH, we examined longitudinal changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and their association with FSH.

Author(s): 
Lukefahr, A. L.
Frye, J. B.
Wright, L. E.
Marion, S. L.
Hoyer, P. B.
Funk, J. L.

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